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Subject[PATCH] USB: serial: ftdi_sio: implement GPIO support for FT230X
Date
This patch uses the CBUS bitbang mode of the device, so there is
no conflict between the GPIO and VCP functionality.

Signed-off-by: Karoly Pados <pados@pados.hu>
---

Tested on an FT230X device. Though there is no copied code from other
sources, libftdi was used as a reference.

I noticed there have been numerous historic attempts by other people at
adding GPIO support to ftdi_sio. One tried adding it in some very
application-specific way, another one tried to use the mfd framework, the
tried using a GPIO mode which is mutually exclusive to VCP, another
one did not implement the review results etc... I hope I learned from those
attempts and am planning to respond to reviews. Also, this patch follows
the rough structure of the GPIO support for cp210x devices that have
already been accepted, in the hope that it is a good starting point.

This patch uses CBUS bitbanging mode, which works nicely in parallel with
the VCP function. The other modes do not, and so IMHO it does not make
sense to try adding them to this same module.

For this device, whenever changing the state of any single pin, all the
others need to be written too. This means in order to change any pin, we
need to know the current state of all the others. So when using GPIO,
we need to have a known starting state for all pins, but there seems to
be no way to retrieve the existing GPIO configuration (directions and
output register values). The way I handle this in this patch is that when
requesting a GPIO for the first time, the module initializes all pins to
a known default state (to inputs). Input was chosen, because a potentially
floating pin is better than a potential driver conflict, because the latter
could result in hardware damage. However, if the user does not request a
GPIO, the CBUS pins are not initialized, avoiding unnecessarily changing
hardware state. I figured I cannot rely on the default power-on state of
the device for this as the user might have used libftdi before loading
our module. When the module is unloaded, CBUS bitbanging mode is exited
if it were us who entered it earlier.

checkpatch.pl emits a bunch of warnings, recommending const for structs.
I am unsure if this makes sense, existing code in this same and also
other modules does not adhere to this rule either. I fixed everything else.


drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.c | 284 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.h | 25 +++
2 files changed, 308 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.c b/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.c
index b5cef322826f..d1ff4a372b6e 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.c
@@ -40,6 +40,9 @@
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/serial.h>
#include <linux/usb/serial.h>
+#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
+#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
+#endif
#include "ftdi_sio.h"
#include "ftdi_sio_ids.h"

@@ -72,6 +75,14 @@ struct ftdi_private {
unsigned int latency; /* latency setting in use */
unsigned short max_packet_size;
struct mutex cfg_lock; /* Avoid mess by parallel calls of config ioctl() and change_speed() */
+#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
+ struct gpio_chip gc;
+ bool gpio_registered; /* is the gpiochip in kernel registered */
+ bool gpio_used; /* true if the user requested a gpio */
+ u8 gpio_altfunc; /* which pins are in gpio mode */
+ u8 gpio_input; /* pin directions cache */
+ u8 gpio_value; /* pin value for outputs */
+#endif
};

/* struct ftdi_sio_quirk is used by devices requiring special attention. */
@@ -1766,6 +1777,268 @@ static void remove_sysfs_attrs(struct usb_serial_port *port)

}

+#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
+
+static int ftdi_sio_set_cbus(struct usb_serial_port *port,
+ u8 direction,
+ u8 value,
+ u8 mode)
+{
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+ u16 val;
+
+ /* device's direction polarity is different from kernel's */
+ direction = (~direction) & 0x0f;
+
+ val = (mode << 8) | (direction << 4) | (value & 0x0f);
+ return usb_control_msg(port->serial->dev,
+ usb_sndctrlpipe(port->serial->dev, 0),
+ FTDI_SIO_SET_BITMODE_REQUEST,
+ FTDI_SIO_SET_BITMODE_REQUEST_TYPE, val,
+ priv->interface, NULL, 0, WDR_TIMEOUT);
+}
+
+static int ftdi_sio_gpio_request(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset)
+{
+ struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+ int result = 0;
+
+ if (priv->gpio_altfunc & BIT(offset))
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (!priv->gpio_used) {
+ /* Set default pin states, as we cannot get them from device */
+ priv->gpio_input = 0xff;
+ priv->gpio_value = 0x00;
+ result = ftdi_sio_set_cbus(port,
+ priv->gpio_input,
+ priv->gpio_value,
+ FTDI_SIO_GPIO_MODE_CBUS);
+ if (result)
+ return result;
+
+ priv->gpio_used = true;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ftdi_sio_gpio_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
+{
+ struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+ struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
+ unsigned char *rcvbuf;
+ int result;
+
+ rcvbuf = kmalloc(1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!rcvbuf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ result = usb_control_msg(serial->dev,
+ usb_rcvctrlpipe(serial->dev, 0),
+ FTDI_SIO_READ_PINS_REQUEST,
+ FTDI_SIO_READ_PINS_REQUEST_TYPE, 0,
+ priv->interface, rcvbuf, 1, WDR_TIMEOUT);
+
+ if (result < 1)
+ result = -EIO;
+ else
+ result = !!(rcvbuf[0] & BIT(gpio));
+
+ kfree(rcvbuf);
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+static void ftdi_sio_gpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc,
+ unsigned int gpio,
+ int value
+)
+{
+ struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+ int result;
+
+ if (value)
+ priv->gpio_value |= BIT(gpio);
+ else
+ priv->gpio_value &= ~BIT(gpio);
+
+ result = ftdi_sio_set_cbus(port,
+ priv->gpio_input,
+ priv->gpio_value,
+ FTDI_SIO_GPIO_MODE_CBUS);
+
+ if (result < 0) {
+ dev_err(&port->serial->interface->dev,
+ "failed to set GPIO value: %d\n",
+ result);
+ }
+}
+
+static int ftdi_sio_gpio_direction_get(struct gpio_chip *gc,
+ unsigned int gpio)
+{
+ struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+
+ return priv->gpio_input & BIT(gpio);
+}
+
+static int ftdi_sio_gpio_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *gc,
+ unsigned int gpio)
+{
+ struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+
+ priv->gpio_input |= BIT(gpio);
+
+ return ftdi_sio_set_cbus(port,
+ priv->gpio_input,
+ priv->gpio_value,
+ FTDI_SIO_GPIO_MODE_CBUS);
+}
+
+static int ftdi_sio_gpio_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *gc,
+ unsigned int gpio,
+ int value)
+{
+ struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+
+ priv->gpio_input &= ~BIT(gpio);
+ if (value)
+ priv->gpio_value |= BIT(gpio);
+ else
+ priv->gpio_value &= ~BIT(gpio);
+
+ return ftdi_sio_set_cbus(port,
+ priv->gpio_input,
+ priv->gpio_value,
+ FTDI_SIO_GPIO_MODE_CBUS);
+}
+
+static int ftx_gpioconf_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+ struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
+ const u16 config_size = 0x24;
+ u8 *config_buf;
+ int result;
+ u8 i;
+
+ /* Read part of device EEPROM */
+ config_buf = kmalloc(config_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!config_buf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < config_size / 2; i++) {
+ result = usb_control_msg(serial->dev,
+ usb_rcvctrlpipe(serial->dev, 0),
+ FTDI_SIO_READ_EEPROM_REQUEST,
+ FTDI_SIO_READ_EEPROM_REQUEST_TYPE, 0,
+ i, config_buf + (i * 2),
+ 2, WDR_TIMEOUT);
+ if (result < 2) {
+ result = -EIO;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (result < 0) {
+ kfree(config_buf);
+ return result;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * All FT-X devices have at least 1 GPIO, some have more.
+ * Chip-type guessing logic based on libftdi.
+ */
+ priv->gc.ngpio = 1;
+ if (serial->dev->descriptor.bcdDevice == 0x1000) /* FT230X */
+ priv->gc.ngpio = 4;
+
+ /* Determine which pins are configured for CBUS bitbanging */
+ priv->gpio_altfunc = 0xff;
+ for (i = 0; i < priv->gc.ngpio; ++i) {
+ if (config_buf[0x1A + i] == FTDI_SIO_CBUS_MUX_GPIO)
+ priv->gpio_altfunc &= ~BIT(i);
+ }
+
+ kfree(config_buf);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ftdi_sio_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+ struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
+ int result;
+
+ /* Device-specific initializations */
+ switch (priv->chip_type) {
+ case FTX:
+ result = ftx_gpioconf_init(port);
+ break;
+ default:
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (result < 0)
+ return result;
+
+ /* Register GPIO chip to kernel */
+ priv->gc.label = "ftdi_sio";
+ priv->gc.request = ftdi_sio_gpio_request;
+ priv->gc.get_direction = ftdi_sio_gpio_direction_get;
+ priv->gc.direction_input = ftdi_sio_gpio_direction_input;
+ priv->gc.direction_output = ftdi_sio_gpio_direction_output;
+ priv->gc.get = ftdi_sio_gpio_get;
+ priv->gc.set = ftdi_sio_gpio_set;
+ priv->gc.owner = THIS_MODULE;
+ priv->gc.parent = &serial->interface->dev;
+ priv->gc.base = -1;
+ priv->gc.can_sleep = true;
+
+ result = gpiochip_add_data(&priv->gc, port);
+ if (!result)
+ priv->gpio_registered = true;
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+static void ftdi_sio_gpio_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+ struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+
+ if (priv->gpio_used) {
+ ftdi_sio_set_cbus(port, 0, 0, FTDI_SIO_GPIO_MODE_RESET);
+ priv->gpio_used = false;
+ }
+
+ if (priv->gpio_registered) {
+ gpiochip_remove(&priv->gc);
+ priv->gpio_registered = false;
+ }
+}
+
+#else
+
+static int ftdi_sio_gpio_init(struct usb_serial *serial)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void ftdi_sio_gpio_remove(struct usb_serial *serial)
+{
+ /* Nothing to do */
+}
+
+#endif
+
/*
* ***************************************************************************
* FTDI driver specific functions
@@ -1794,7 +2067,7 @@ static int ftdi_sio_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
struct ftdi_private *priv;
const struct ftdi_sio_quirk *quirk = usb_get_serial_data(port->serial);
-
+ int result;

priv = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ftdi_private), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!priv)
@@ -1813,6 +2086,13 @@ static int ftdi_sio_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
priv->latency = 16;
write_latency_timer(port);
create_sysfs_attrs(port);
+
+ result = ftdi_sio_gpio_init(port);
+ if (result < 0)
+ dev_err(&port->serial->interface->dev,
+ "GPIO initialisation failed: %d\n",
+ result);
+
return 0;
}

@@ -1930,6 +2210,8 @@ static int ftdi_sio_port_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
struct ftdi_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);

+ ftdi_sio_gpio_remove(port);
+
remove_sysfs_attrs(port);

kfree(priv);
diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.h b/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.h
index dcd0b6e05baf..5046d02fe3ac 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.h
+++ b/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.h
@@ -36,6 +36,10 @@
#define FTDI_SIO_SET_ERROR_CHAR 7 /* Set the error character */
#define FTDI_SIO_SET_LATENCY_TIMER 9 /* Set the latency timer */
#define FTDI_SIO_GET_LATENCY_TIMER 10 /* Get the latency timer */
+#define FTDI_SIO_SET_BITMODE 11 /* Set CBUS GPIO pin mode */
+#define FTDI_SIO_READ_PINS 12 /* Read immediate value of pins */
+#define FTDI_SIO_READ_EEPROM 144 /* Read EEPROM */
+

/* Interface indices for FT2232, FT2232H and FT4232H devices */
#define INTERFACE_A 1
@@ -433,6 +437,27 @@ enum ftdi_sio_baudrate {
* 1 = active
*/

+/* FTDI_SIO_SET_BITMODE */
+#define FTDI_SIO_SET_BITMODE_REQUEST_TYPE 0x40
+#define FTDI_SIO_SET_BITMODE_REQUEST FTDI_SIO_SET_BITMODE
+
+/* FTDI_SIO_READ_PINS */
+#define FTDI_SIO_READ_PINS_REQUEST_TYPE 0xc0
+#define FTDI_SIO_READ_PINS_REQUEST FTDI_SIO_READ_PINS
+
+/*
+ * FTDI_SIO_READ_EEPROM
+ *
+ * EEPROM format found in FTDI AN_201, "FT-X MTP memory Configuration",
+ * http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/Documents/AppNotes/AN_201_FT-X%20MTP%20Memory%20Configuration.pdf
+ */
+#define FTDI_SIO_READ_EEPROM_REQUEST_TYPE 0xc0
+#define FTDI_SIO_READ_EEPROM_REQUEST FTDI_SIO_READ_EEPROM
+
+#define FTDI_SIO_GPIO_MODE_CBUS 0x20
+#define FTDI_SIO_GPIO_MODE_RESET 0x00
+
+#define FTDI_SIO_CBUS_MUX_GPIO 8


/* Descriptors returned by the device
--
2.18.0
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