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Subject[PATCH v3 7/7] mtd: rawnand: ams-delta: use GPIO API for data I/O
Date
Don't readw()/writew() data directly from/to GPIO port which is under
control of gpio-omap driver, use GPIO API instead.

Degrade of performance on Amstrad Delta is significant, can be
recognized as a regression, that's why I'm still submitting this patch
as RFC.

The driver should work with any 8+-bit bidirectional GPIO port, not
only OMAP.

Signed-off-by: Janusz Krzysztofik <jmkrzyszt@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
---
Exceprts fro timestamped boot logs showing performance degrade.
Before the change:
[ 5.469426] Creating 6 MTD partitions on "ams-delta-nand":
[ 5.480909] 0x000000000000-0x000000380000 : "Kernel"
[ 5.502659] 0x000000380000-0x0000003c0000 : "u-boot"
[ 5.523055] 0x0000003c0000-0x000000400000 : "u-boot params"
[ 5.543612] 0x000000400000-0x000000440000 : "Amstrad LDR"
[ 5.564607] 0x000000440000-0x000001f40000 : "File system"
[ 5.601760] 0x000001f40000-0x000002000000 : "PBL reserved"
[ 5.624369] usbcore: registered new interface driver dm9601
[ 5.636233] ohci_hcd: USB 1.1 'Open' Host Controller (OHCI) Driver
[ 5.649191] ohci-omap: OHCI OMAP driver
[ 5.660713] ohci ohci: OMAP OHCI
[ 5.671299] ohci ohci: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[ 5.686862] ohci ohci: irq 54, io mem 0xfffba000
[ 5.785897] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
[ 5.797856] hub 1-0:1.0: 3 ports detected
[ 5.817576] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[ 5.832551] ams-delta-serio ams-delta-serio: incomplete constraints, dummy supplies not allowed
[ 5.858588] ams-delta-serio ams-delta-serio: regulator request failed (-19)
[ 5.879312] input: omap-keypad as /devices/platform/omap-keypad/input/input0
[ 5.902490] omap_rtc omap_rtc: already running
[ 5.922929] omap_rtc omap_rtc: registered as rtc0
[ 5.945570] softdog: initialized. soft_noboot=0 soft_margin=60 sec soft_panic=0 (nowayout=0)
[ 5.976712] usbcore: registered new interface driver btusb
[ 6.007348] cx20442-codec cx20442-codec: incomplete constraints, dummy supplies not allowed
[ 6.040575] cx20442-codec cx20442-codec: failed to get POR supply (-19)
[ 6.060916] cx20442-codec cx20442-codec: ASoC: failed to probe component -517
[ 6.083486] ams-delta-audio ams-delta-audio: ASoC: failed to instantiate card -517
[ 6.121850] ams-delta-audio ams-delta-audio: snd_soc_register_card failed (-517)
[ 6.163047] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[ 6.182770] Bluetooth: BNEP (Ethernet Emulation) ver 1.3
[ 6.203517] Bluetooth: BNEP socket layer initialized
[ 6.283017] serial8250 serial8250.1: Linked as a consumer to regulator.1
[ 6.306113] usb 1-1: new full-speed USB device number 2 using ohci
[ 6.328825] clock: disabling unused clocks to save power
[ 6.350426] Skipping reset check for DSP domain clock "dsptim_ck"
[ 6.372272] Skipping reset check for DSP domain clock "dspxor_ck"
[ 6.393712] Skipping reset check for DSP domain clock "dspper_ck"
[ 6.428311] ams-delta-serio ams-delta-serio: Linked as a consumer to regulator.2
[ 6.467801] serio serio0: AMS DELTA keyboard adapter
[ 6.492511] cx20442-codec cx20442-codec: Linked as a consumer to regulator.1
[ 6.527382] ams-delta-audio ams-delta-audio: cx20442-voice <-> omap-mcbsp.1 mapping ok
[ 6.577387] input: AMS_DELTA hook_switch as /devices/platform/ams-delta-audio/sound/card0/input1
[ 6.627497] input: AT Raw Set 2 keyboard as /devices/platform/ams-delta-serio/serio0/input/input2
[ 6.673663] omap_rtc omap_rtc: setting system clock to 2013-02-09 07:22:13 UTC (1360394533)
[ 6.715895] modem_nreset: incomplete constraints, leaving on
[ 6.738677] ALSA device list:
[ 6.758398] #0: AMS_DELTA
[ 7.036234] dm9601 1-1:1.0 eth0: register 'dm9601' at usb-ohci-1, Davicom DM96xx USB 10/100 Ethernet, 00:60:6e:00:00:11
[ 133.860599] random: crng init done
[ 138.275853] VFS: Mounted root (jffs2 filesystem) on device 31:4.

After the change:
[ 6.261107] Creating 6 MTD partitions on "ams-delta-nand":
[ 6.272046] 0x000000000000-0x000000380000 : "Kernel"
[ 6.294436] 0x000000380000-0x0000003c0000 : "u-boot"
[ 6.314454] 0x0000003c0000-0x000000400000 : "u-boot params"
[ 6.335353] 0x000000400000-0x000000440000 : "Amstrad LDR"
[ 6.356669] 0x000000440000-0x000001f40000 : "File system"
[ 6.393713] 0x000001f40000-0x000002000000 : "PBL reserved"
[ 6.416771] usbcore: registered new interface driver dm9601
[ 6.428631] ohci_hcd: USB 1.1 'Open' Host Controller (OHCI) Driver
[ 6.441533] ohci-omap: OHCI OMAP driver
[ 6.452758] ohci ohci: OMAP OHCI
[ 6.463300] ohci ohci: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[ 6.478817] ohci ohci: irq 54, io mem 0xfffba000
[ 6.580520] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
[ 6.592424] hub 1-0:1.0: 3 ports detected
[ 6.612363] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[ 6.627358] ams-delta-serio ams-delta-serio: incomplete constraints, dummy supplies not allowed
[ 6.653296] ams-delta-serio ams-delta-serio: regulator request failed (-19)
[ 6.674219] input: omap-keypad as /devices/platform/omap-keypad/input/input0
[ 6.697910] omap_rtc omap_rtc: already running
[ 6.718376] omap_rtc omap_rtc: registered as rtc0
[ 6.740942] softdog: initialized. soft_noboot=0 soft_margin=60 sec soft_panic=0 (nowayout=0)
[ 6.772085] usbcore: registered new interface driver btusb
[ 6.803187] cx20442-codec cx20442-codec: incomplete constraints, dummy supplies not allowed
[ 6.836386] cx20442-codec cx20442-codec: failed to get POR supply (-19)
[ 6.856730] cx20442-codec cx20442-codec: ASoC: failed to probe component -517
[ 6.879234] ams-delta-audio ams-delta-audio: ASoC: failed to instantiate card -517
[ 6.917325] ams-delta-audio ams-delta-audio: snd_soc_register_card failed (-517)
[ 6.958519] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[ 6.978224] Bluetooth: BNEP (Ethernet Emulation) ver 1.3
[ 6.998989] Bluetooth: BNEP socket layer initialized
[ 7.077593] serial8250 serial8250.1: Linked as a consumer to regulator.1
[ 7.100678] usb 1-1: new full-speed USB device number 2 using ohci
[ 7.123429] clock: disabling unused clocks to save power
[ 7.145074] Skipping reset check for DSP domain clock "dsptim_ck"
[ 7.166983] Skipping reset check for DSP domain clock "dspxor_ck"
[ 7.188434] Skipping reset check for DSP domain clock "dspper_ck"
[ 7.223321] ams-delta-serio ams-delta-serio: Linked as a consumer to regulator.2
[ 7.262882] serio serio0: AMS DELTA keyboard adapter
[ 7.287656] cx20442-codec cx20442-codec: Linked as a consumer to regulator.1
[ 7.322824] ams-delta-audio ams-delta-audio: cx20442-voice <-> omap-mcbsp.1 mapping ok
[ 7.373165] input: AMS_DELTA hook_switch as /devices/platform/ams-delta-audio/sound/card0/input1
[ 7.423520] input: AT Raw Set 2 keyboard as /devices/platform/ams-delta-serio/serio0/input/input2
[ 7.469578] omap_rtc omap_rtc: setting system clock to 2013-02-09 07:34:10 UTC (1360395250)
[ 7.511830] modem_nreset: incomplete constraints, leaving on
[ 7.534812] ALSA device list:
[ 7.554541] #0: AMS_DELTA
[ 7.971899] dm9601 1-1:1.0 eth0: register 'dm9601' at usb-ohci-1, Davicom DM96xx USB 10/100 Ethernet, 00:60:6e:00:00:11
[ 133.935226] random: crng init done
[ 320.764645] VFS: Mounted root (jffs2 filesystem) on device 31:4.

I think most of the overhead is in iterations performed both inside and
outside get/set array functions:
- building a mask for get_multiple() and transfering results to value array
in gpiod_get_array_value_complex(), then again from the array by a caller,
- building a value array by the caller, the building a mask and tranferiing
values from array to bitmap for .set_multiple() in
gpiod_set_array_value_comples().

Thanks,
Janusz

drivers/mtd/nand/raw/ams-delta.c | 126 ++++++++++++++++++---------------------
1 file changed, 59 insertions(+), 67 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/ams-delta.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/ams-delta.c
index 59fc417e8fa9..8bedcd7c7928 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/ams-delta.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/ams-delta.c
@@ -24,13 +24,10 @@
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
#include <linux/mtd/rawnand.h>
#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
-#include <linux/platform_data/gpio-omap.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>

-#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/sizes.h>

-#include <mach/hardware.h>
-
/*
* MTD structure for E3 (Delta)
*/
@@ -44,7 +41,7 @@ struct ams_delta_nand {
struct gpio_desc *gpiod_nwe;
struct gpio_desc *gpiod_ale;
struct gpio_desc *gpiod_cle;
- void __iomem *io_base;
+ struct gpio_descs *data_gpiods;
bool data_in;
};

@@ -73,52 +70,79 @@ static const struct mtd_partition partition_info[] = {
.size = 3 * SZ_256K },
};

-static void ams_delta_write_next_byte(struct ams_delta_nand *priv, u_char byte)
+static void ams_delta_write_commit(struct ams_delta_nand *priv)
{
- struct nand_chip *this = &priv->nand_chip;
-
- writew(byte, this->IO_ADDR_W);
-
gpiod_set_value(priv->gpiod_nwe, 0);
ndelay(40);
gpiod_set_value(priv->gpiod_nwe, 1);
}

-static void ams_delta_write_byte(struct ams_delta_nand *priv, u_char byte)
+static void ams_delta_write_next_byte(struct ams_delta_nand *priv, u_char byte)
{
- void __iomem *io_base = priv->io_base;
+ struct gpio_descs *data_gpiods = priv->data_gpiods;
+ unsigned long bits = byte;
+ int i, value_array[data_gpiods->ndescs];

+ for (i = 0; i < data_gpiods->ndescs; i++)
+ value_array[i] = test_bit(i, &bits);
+
+ gpiod_set_raw_array_value(data_gpiods->ndescs, data_gpiods->desc,
+ value_array);
+
+ ams_delta_write_commit(priv);
+}
+
+static void ams_delta_write_byte(struct ams_delta_nand *priv, u_char byte)
+{
if (priv->data_in) {
- writew(0, io_base + OMAP_MPUIO_IO_CNTL);
+ struct gpio_descs *data_gpiods = priv->data_gpiods;
+ unsigned long bits = byte;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < data_gpiods->ndescs; i++)
+ gpiod_direction_output_raw(data_gpiods->desc[i],
+ test_bit(i, &bits));
priv->data_in = false;
- }

- ams_delta_write_next_byte(priv, byte);
+ ams_delta_write_commit(priv);
+ } else {
+ ams_delta_write_next_byte(priv, byte);
+ }
}

static u_char ams_delta_read_next_byte(struct ams_delta_nand *priv)
{
- struct nand_chip *this = &priv->nand_chip;
- u_char res;
+ struct gpio_descs *data_gpiods = priv->data_gpiods;
+ unsigned long bits = 0;
+ int i, value_array[data_gpiods->ndescs];

gpiod_set_value(priv->gpiod_nre, 0);
ndelay(40);

- res = readw(this->IO_ADDR_R);
+ gpiod_get_raw_array_value(data_gpiods->ndescs, data_gpiods->desc,
+ value_array);

gpiod_set_value(priv->gpiod_nre, 1);

- return res;
+ for (i = 0; i < data_gpiods->ndescs; i++)
+ if (value_array[i])
+ __set_bit(i, &bits);
+
+ return bits;
}

static u_char ams_delta_read_byte(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *this = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
struct ams_delta_nand *priv = nand_get_controller_data(this);
- void __iomem *io_base = priv->io_base;

if (!priv->data_in) {
- writew(~0, io_base + OMAP_MPUIO_IO_CNTL);
+ struct gpio_descs *data_gpiods = priv->data_gpiods;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < data_gpiods->ndescs; i++)
+ gpiod_direction_input(data_gpiods->desc[i]);
+
priv->data_in = true;
}

@@ -193,14 +217,8 @@ static int ams_delta_init(struct platform_device *pdev)
struct ams_delta_nand *priv;
struct nand_chip *this;
struct mtd_info *mtd;
- struct resource *res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
- void __iomem *io_base;
- struct gpio_descs *data_gpiods;
int err = 0;

- if (!res)
- return -ENXIO;
-
/* Allocate memory for MTD device structure and private data */
priv = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(struct ams_delta_nand),
GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -213,25 +231,8 @@ static int ams_delta_init(struct platform_device *pdev)
mtd = nand_to_mtd(this);
mtd->dev.parent = &pdev->dev;

- /*
- * Don't try to request the memory region from here,
- * it should have been already requested from the
- * gpio-omap driver and requesting it again would fail.
- */
-
- io_base = ioremap(res->start, resource_size(res));
- if (io_base == NULL) {
- dev_err(&pdev->dev, "ioremap failed\n");
- err = -EIO;
- goto out_free;
- }
-
- priv->io_base = io_base;
nand_set_controller_data(this, priv);

- /* Set address of NAND IO lines */
- this->IO_ADDR_R = io_base + OMAP_MPUIO_INPUT_LATCH;
- this->IO_ADDR_W = io_base + OMAP_MPUIO_OUTPUT;
this->read_byte = ams_delta_read_byte;
this->write_buf = ams_delta_write_buf;
this->read_buf = ams_delta_read_buf;
@@ -241,7 +242,7 @@ static int ams_delta_init(struct platform_device *pdev)
if (IS_ERR(priv->gpiod_rdy)) {
err = PTR_ERR(priv->gpiod_rdy);
dev_warn(&pdev->dev, "RDY GPIO request failed (%d)\n", err);
- goto out_mtd;
+ return err;
}

if (priv->gpiod_rdy)
@@ -259,67 +260,61 @@ static int ams_delta_init(struct platform_device *pdev)
if (IS_ERR(priv->gpiod_nwp)) {
err = PTR_ERR(priv->gpiod_nwp);
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "NWP GPIO request failed (%d)\n", err);
- goto out_mtd;
+ return err;
}

priv->gpiod_nce = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, "nce", GPIOD_OUT_HIGH);
if (IS_ERR(priv->gpiod_nce)) {
err = PTR_ERR(priv->gpiod_nce);
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "NCE GPIO request failed (%d)\n", err);
- goto out_mtd;
+ return err;
}

priv->gpiod_nre = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, "nre", GPIOD_OUT_HIGH);
if (IS_ERR(priv->gpiod_nre)) {
err = PTR_ERR(priv->gpiod_nre);
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "NRE GPIO request failed (%d)\n", err);
- goto out_mtd;
+ return err;
}

priv->gpiod_nwe = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, "nwe", GPIOD_OUT_HIGH);
if (IS_ERR(priv->gpiod_nwe)) {
err = PTR_ERR(priv->gpiod_nwe);
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "NWE GPIO request failed (%d)\n", err);
- goto out_mtd;
+ return err;
}

priv->gpiod_ale = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, "ale", GPIOD_OUT_LOW);
if (IS_ERR(priv->gpiod_ale)) {
err = PTR_ERR(priv->gpiod_ale);
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "ALE GPIO request failed (%d)\n", err);
- goto out_mtd;
+ return err;
}

priv->gpiod_cle = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, "cle", GPIOD_OUT_LOW);
if (IS_ERR(priv->gpiod_cle)) {
err = PTR_ERR(priv->gpiod_cle);
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "CLE GPIO request failed (%d)\n", err);
- goto out_mtd;
+ return err;
}
/* Request array of data pins, initialize them as input */
- data_gpiods = devm_gpiod_get_array(&pdev->dev, "data", GPIOD_IN);
- if (IS_ERR(data_gpiods)) {
- err = PTR_ERR(data_gpiods);
+ priv->data_gpiods = devm_gpiod_get_array(&pdev->dev, "data", GPIOD_IN);
+ if (IS_ERR(priv->data_gpiods)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(priv->data_gpiods);
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "data GPIO request failed: %d\n", err);
- goto out_mtd;
+ return err;
}
priv->data_in = true;

/* Scan to find existence of the device */
err = nand_scan(mtd, 1);
if (err)
- goto out_mtd;
+ return err;

/* Register the partitions */
mtd_device_register(mtd, partition_info, ARRAY_SIZE(partition_info));

- goto out;
-
- out_mtd:
- iounmap(io_base);
-out_free:
- out:
- return err;
+ return 0;
}

/*
@@ -329,13 +324,10 @@ static int ams_delta_cleanup(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
struct ams_delta_nand *priv = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(&priv->nand_chip);
- void __iomem *io_base = priv->io_base;

- /* Release resources, unregister device */
+ /* Unregister device */
nand_release(mtd);

- iounmap(io_base);
-
return 0;
}

--
2.16.4
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