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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 00/11] track CPU utilization
On 05-07-18, 14:36, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> Subject: sched/cpufreq: Clarify sugov_get_util()
>
> Add a few comments (hopefully) clarifying some of the magic in
> sugov_get_util().
>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
> ---
> cpufreq_schedutil.c | 69 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
> 1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>
> --- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> @@ -177,6 +177,26 @@ static unsigned int get_next_freq(struct
> return cpufreq_driver_resolve_freq(policy, freq);
> }
>
> +/*
> + * This function computes an effective utilization for the given CPU, to be
> + * used for frequency selection given the linear relation: f = u * f_max.
> + *
> + * The scheduler tracks the following metrics:
> + *
> + * cpu_util_{cfs,rt,dl,irq}()
> + * cpu_bw_dl()
> + *
> + * Where the cfs,rt and dl util numbers are tracked with the same metric and
> + * synchronized windows and are thus directly comparable.
> + *
> + * The cfs,rt,dl utilization are the running times measured with rq->clock_task
> + * which excludes things like IRQ and steal-time. These latter are then accrued in
> + * the irq utilization.
> + *
> + * The DL bandwidth number otoh is not a measured meric but a value computed

metric

> + * based on the task model parameters and gives the minimal u required to meet

u ?

> + * deadlines.
> + */
> static unsigned long sugov_get_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
> {
> struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(sg_cpu->cpu);
> @@ -188,26 +208,50 @@ static unsigned long sugov_get_util(stru
> if (rt_rq_is_runnable(&rq->rt))
> return max;
>
> + /*
> + * Early check to see if IRQ/steal time saturates the CPU, can be
> + * because of inaccuracies in how we track these -- see
> + * update_irq_load_avg().
> + */
> irq = cpu_util_irq(rq);
> -
> if (unlikely(irq >= max))
> return max;
>
> - /* Sum rq utilization */
> + /*
> + * Because the time spend on RT/DL tasks is visible as 'lost' time to
> + * CFS tasks and we use the same metric to track the effective
> + * utilization (PELT windows are synchronized) we can directly add them
> + * to obtain the CPU's actual utilization.
> + */
> util = cpu_util_cfs(rq);
> util += cpu_util_rt(rq);
>
> /*
> - * Interrupt time is not seen by rqs utilization nso we can compare
> - * them with the CPU capacity
> + * We do not make cpu_util_dl() a permanent part of this sum because we
> + * want to use cpu_bw_dl() later on, but we need to check if the
> + * CFS+RT+DL sum is saturated (ie. no idle time) such that we select
> + * f_max when there is no idle time.
> + *
> + * NOTE: numerical errors or stop class might cause us to not quite hit
> + * saturation when we should -- something for later.
> */
> if ((util + cpu_util_dl(rq)) >= max)
> return max;
>
> /*
> - * As there is still idle time on the CPU, we need to compute the
> - * utilization level of the CPU.
> + * There is still idle time; further improve the number by using the
> + * irq metric. Because IRQ/steal time is hidden from the task clock we
> + * need to scale the task numbers:
> *
> + * 1 - irq
> + * U' = irq + ------- * U
> + * max
> + */
> + util *= (max - irq);
> + util /= max;
> + util += irq;
> +
> + /*
> * Bandwidth required by DEADLINE must always be granted while, for
> * FAIR and RT, we use blocked utilization of IDLE CPUs as a mechanism
> * to gracefully reduce the frequency when no tasks show up for longer
> @@ -217,18 +261,7 @@ static unsigned long sugov_get_util(stru
> * util_cfs + util_dl as requested freq. However, cpufreq is not yet
> * ready for such an interface. So, we only do the latter for now.
> */
> -
> - /* Weight rqs utilization to normal context window */
> - util *= (max - irq);
> - util /= max;
> -
> - /* Add interrupt utilization */
> - util += irq;
> -
> - /* Add DL bandwidth requirement */
> - util += sg_cpu->bw_dl;
> -
> - return min(max, util);
> + return min(max, util + sg_cpu->bw_dl);
> }
>

Acked-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>

--
viresh

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