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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v1] media: uvcvideo: Cache URB header data before processing
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Hi Keiichi,

(CC'ing Alan, Ezequiel and Matwey)

Thank you for the patch.

On Wednesday, 27 June 2018 13:34:08 EEST Keiichi Watanabe wrote:
> On some platforms with non-coherent DMA (e.g. ARM), USB drivers use
> uncached memory allocation methods. In such situations, it sometimes
> takes a long time to access URB buffers. This can be a cause of video
> flickering problems if a resolution is high and a USB controller has
> a very tight time limit. (e.g. dwc2) To avoid this problem, we copy
> header data from (uncached) URB buffer into (cached) local buffer.
>
> This change should make the elapsed time of the interrupt handler
> shorter on platforms with non-coherent DMA. We measured the elapsed
> time of each callback of uvc_video_complete without/with this patch
> while capturing Full HD video in
> https://webrtc.github.io/samples/src/content/getusermedia/resolution/.
> I tested it on the top of Kieran Bingham's Asynchronous UVC series
> https://www.mail-archive.com/linux-media@vger.kernel.org/msg128359.html.
> The test device was Jerry Chromebook (RK3288) with Logitech Brio 4K.
> I collected data for 5 seconds. (There were around 480 callbacks in
> this case.) The following result shows that this patch makes
> uvc_video_complete about 2x faster.
>
> | average | median | min | max | standard deviation
>
> w/o caching| 45319ns | 40250ns | 33834ns | 142625ns| 16611ns
> w/ caching| 20620ns | 19250ns | 12250ns | 56583ns | 6285ns
>
> In addition, we confirmed that this patch doesn't make it worse on
> coherent DMA architecture by performing the same measurements on a
> Broadwell Chromebox with the same camera.
>
> | average | median | min | max | standard deviation
>
> w/o caching| 21026ns | 21424ns | 12263ns | 23956ns | 1932ns
> w/ caching| 20728ns | 20398ns | 8922ns | 45120ns | 3368ns

This is very interesting, and it seems related to https://
patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10468937/. You might have seen that discussion as
you got CC'ed at some point.

I wonder whether performances couldn't be further improved by allocating the
URB buffers cached, as that would speed up the memcpy() as well. Have you
tested that by any chance ?

> Signed-off-by: Keiichi Watanabe <keiichiw@chromium.org>
> ---
>
> After applying 6 patches in
> https://www.mail-archive.com/linux-media@vger.kernel.org/msg128359.html,
> I measured elapsed time by adding the following code to
> /drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c
>
> @@ -XXXX,6 +XXXX,9 @@ static void uvc_video_complete(struct urb *urb)
> struct uvc_video_queue *queue = &stream->queue;
> struct uvc_buffer *buf = NULL;
> int ret;
> + ktime_t start, end;
> + int elapsed_time;
> + start = ktime_get();
> switch (urb->status) {
> case 0:
>
> @@ -XXXX,6 +XXXX,10 @@ static void uvc_video_complete(struct urb *urb)
>
> INIT_WORK(&uvc_urb->work, uvc_video_copy_data_work);
> queue_work(stream->async_wq, &uvc_urb->work);
> +
> + end = ktime_get();
> + elapsed_time = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(end, start));
> + pr_err("elapsed time: %d ns", elapsed_time);
> }
>
> /*
>
>
> drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c | 92 +++++++++++++++----------------
> 1 file changed, 43 insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c
> b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c index a88b2e51a666..ff2eddc55530 100644
> --- a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c
> +++ b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c
> @@ -391,36 +391,15 @@ static inline ktime_t uvc_video_get_time(void)
>
> static void
> uvc_video_clock_decode(struct uvc_streaming *stream, struct uvc_buffer
> *buf, - const u8 *data, int len)
> + const u8 *data, int len, unsigned int header_size,
> + bool has_pts, bool has_scr)
> {
> struct uvc_clock_sample *sample;
> - unsigned int header_size;
> - bool has_pts = false;
> - bool has_scr = false;
> unsigned long flags;
> ktime_t time;
> u16 host_sof;
> u16 dev_sof;
>
> - switch (data[1] & (UVC_STREAM_PTS | UVC_STREAM_SCR)) {
> - case UVC_STREAM_PTS | UVC_STREAM_SCR:
> - header_size = 12;
> - has_pts = true;
> - has_scr = true;
> - break;
> - case UVC_STREAM_PTS:
> - header_size = 6;
> - has_pts = true;
> - break;
> - case UVC_STREAM_SCR:
> - header_size = 8;
> - has_scr = true;
> - break;
> - default:
> - header_size = 2;
> - break;
> - }
> -
> /* Check for invalid headers. */
> if (len < header_size)
> return;
> @@ -717,11 +696,10 @@ void uvc_video_clock_update(struct uvc_streaming
> *stream, */
>
> static void uvc_video_stats_decode(struct uvc_streaming *stream,
> - const u8 *data, int len)
> + const u8 *data, int len,
> + unsigned int header_size, bool has_pts,
> + bool has_scr)
> {
> - unsigned int header_size;
> - bool has_pts = false;
> - bool has_scr = false;
> u16 uninitialized_var(scr_sof);
> u32 uninitialized_var(scr_stc);
> u32 uninitialized_var(pts);
> @@ -730,25 +708,6 @@ static void uvc_video_stats_decode(struct uvc_streaming
> *stream, stream->stats.frame.nb_packets == 0)
> stream->stats.stream.start_ts = ktime_get();
>
> - switch (data[1] & (UVC_STREAM_PTS | UVC_STREAM_SCR)) {
> - case UVC_STREAM_PTS | UVC_STREAM_SCR:
> - header_size = 12;
> - has_pts = true;
> - has_scr = true;
> - break;
> - case UVC_STREAM_PTS:
> - header_size = 6;
> - has_pts = true;
> - break;
> - case UVC_STREAM_SCR:
> - header_size = 8;
> - has_scr = true;
> - break;
> - default:
> - header_size = 2;
> - break;
> - }
> -
> /* Check for invalid headers. */
> if (len < header_size || data[0] < header_size) {
> stream->stats.frame.nb_invalid++;
> @@ -957,10 +916,41 @@ static void uvc_video_stats_stop(struct uvc_streaming
> *stream) * to be called with a NULL buf parameter. uvc_video_decode_data
> and * uvc_video_decode_end will never be called with a NULL buffer.
> */
> +static void uvc_video_decode_header_size(const u8 *data, int *header_size,
> + bool *has_pts, bool *has_scr)
> +{
> + switch (data[1] & (UVC_STREAM_PTS | UVC_STREAM_SCR)) {
> + case UVC_STREAM_PTS | UVC_STREAM_SCR:
> + *header_size = 12;
> + *has_pts = true;
> + *has_scr = true;
> + break;
> + case UVC_STREAM_PTS:
> + *header_size = 6;
> + *has_pts = true;
> + break;
> + case UVC_STREAM_SCR:
> + *header_size = 8;
> + *has_scr = true;
> + break;
> + default:
> + *header_size = 2;
> + }
> +}
> +
> static int uvc_video_decode_start(struct uvc_streaming *stream,
> - struct uvc_buffer *buf, const u8 *data, int len)
> + struct uvc_buffer *buf, const u8 *urb_data,
> + int len)
> {
> u8 fid;
> + u8 data[12];
> + unsigned int header_size;
> + bool has_pts = false, has_scr = false;
> +
> + /* Cache the header since urb_data is uncached memory. The size of
> + * header is at most 12 bytes.
> + */
> + memcpy(data, urb_data, min(len, 12));
>
> /* Sanity checks:
> * - packet must be at least 2 bytes long
> @@ -983,8 +973,12 @@ static int uvc_video_decode_start(struct uvc_streaming
> *stream, uvc_video_stats_update(stream);
> }
>
> - uvc_video_clock_decode(stream, buf, data, len);
> - uvc_video_stats_decode(stream, data, len);
> + uvc_video_decode_header_size(data, &header_size, &has_pts, &has_scr);
> +
> + uvc_video_clock_decode(stream, buf, data, len, header_size, has_pts,
> + has_scr);
> + uvc_video_stats_decode(stream, data, len, header_size, has_pts,
> + has_scr);
>
> /* Store the payload FID bit and return immediately when the buffer is
> * NULL.
> --
> 2.18.0.rc2.346.g013aa6912e-goog


--
Regards,

Laurent Pinchart



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