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SubjectRe: [PATCHv3 2/4] drivers/base: utilize device tree info to shutdown devices
Thank you Andy for the heads up. I might need to rebase my work
(http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180629182541.6735-1-pasha.tatashin@oracle.com)
based on this change. But, it is possible it is going to be harder to
parallelize based on device tree. I will need to think about it.

Pavel

On Tue, Jul 3, 2018 at 6:59 AM Andy Shevchenko
<andy.shevchenko@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> I think Pavel would be interested to see this as well (he is doing
> some parallel device shutdown stuff)
>
> On Tue, Jul 3, 2018 at 9:50 AM, Pingfan Liu <kernelfans@gmail.com> wrote:
> > commit 52cdbdd49853 ("driver core: correct device's shutdown order")
> > places an assumption of supplier<-consumer order on the process of probe.
> > But it turns out to break down the parent <- child order in some scene.
> > E.g in pci, a bridge is enabled by pci core, and behind it, the devices
> > have been probed. Then comes the bridge's module, which enables extra
> > feature(such as hotplug) on this bridge. This will break the
> > parent<-children order and cause failure when "kexec -e" in some scenario.
> >
> > The detailed description of the scenario:
> > An IBM Power9 machine on which, two drivers portdrv_pci and shpchp(a mod)
> > match the PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI, but neither of them success to probe due
> > to some issue. For this case, the bridge is moved after its children in
> > devices_kset. Then, when "kexec -e", a ata-disk behind the bridge can not
> > write back buffer in flight due to the former shutdown of the bridge which
> > clears the BusMaster bit.
> >
> > It is a little hard to impose both "parent<-child" and "supplier<-consumer"
> > order on devices_kset. Take the following scene:
> > step0: before a consumer's probing, (note child_a is supplier of consumer_a)
> > [ consumer-X, child_a, ...., child_z] [... consumer_a, ..., consumer_z, ...] supplier-X
> > ^^^^^^^^^^ affected range ^^^^^^^^^^
> > step1: when probing, moving consumer-X after supplier-X
> > [ child_a, ...., child_z] [.... consumer_a, ..., consumer_z, ...] supplier-X, consumer-X
> > step2: the children of consumer-X should be re-ordered to maintain the seq
> > [... consumer_a, ..., consumer_z, ....] supplier-X [consumer-X, child_a, ...., child_z]
> > step3: the consumer_a should be re-ordered to maintain the seq
> > [... consumer_z, ...] supplier-X [ consumer-X, child_a, consumer_a ..., child_z]
> >
> > It requires two nested recursion to drain out all out-of-order item in
> > "affected range". To avoid such complicated code, this patch suggests
> > to utilize the info in device tree, instead of using the order of
> > devices_kset during shutdown. It iterates the device tree, and firstly
> > shutdown a device's children and consumers. After this patch, the buggy
> > commit is hollow and left to clean.
> >
> > Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> > Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> > Cc: Grygorii Strashko <grygorii.strashko@ti.com>
> > Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
> > Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
> > Cc: linux-pci@vger.kernel.org
> > Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
> > Signed-off-by: Pingfan Liu <kernelfans@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/base/core.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> > include/linux/device.h | 1 +
> > 2 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/base/core.c b/drivers/base/core.c
> > index a48868f..684b994 100644
> > --- a/drivers/base/core.c
> > +++ b/drivers/base/core.c
> > @@ -1446,6 +1446,7 @@ void device_initialize(struct device *dev)
> > INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->links.consumers);
> > INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->links.suppliers);
> > dev->links.status = DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER;
> > + dev->shutdown = false;
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_initialize);
> >
> > @@ -2811,7 +2812,6 @@ static void __device_shutdown(struct device *dev)
> > * lock is to be held
> > */
> > parent = get_device(dev->parent);
> > - get_device(dev);
> > /*
> > * Make sure the device is off the kset list, in the
> > * event that dev->*->shutdown() doesn't remove it.
> > @@ -2842,23 +2842,60 @@ static void __device_shutdown(struct device *dev)
> > dev_info(dev, "shutdown\n");
> > dev->driver->shutdown(dev);
> > }
> > -
> > + dev->shutdown = true;
> > device_unlock(dev);
> > if (parent)
> > device_unlock(parent);
> >
> > - put_device(dev);
> > put_device(parent);
> > spin_lock(&devices_kset->list_lock);
> > }
> >
> > +/* shutdown dev's children and consumer firstly, then itself */
> > +static int device_for_each_child_shutdown(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > + struct klist_iter i;
> > + struct device *child;
> > + struct device_link *link;
> > +
> > + /* already shutdown, then skip this sub tree */
> > + if (dev->shutdown)
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + if (!dev->p)
> > + goto check_consumers;
> > +
> > + /* there is breakage of lock in __device_shutdown(), and the redundant
> > + * ref++ on srcu protected consumer is harmless since shutdown is not
> > + * hot path.
> > + */
> > + get_device(dev);
> > +
> > + klist_iter_init(&dev->p->klist_children, &i);
> > + while ((child = next_device(&i)))
> > + device_for_each_child_shutdown(child);
> > + klist_iter_exit(&i);
> > +
> > +check_consumers:
> > + list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links.consumers, s_node) {
> > + if (!link->consumer->shutdown)
> > + device_for_each_child_shutdown(link->consumer);
> > + }
> > +
> > + __device_shutdown(dev);
> > + put_device(dev);
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > /**
> > * device_shutdown - call ->shutdown() on each device to shutdown.
> > */
> > void device_shutdown(void)
> > {
> > struct device *dev;
> > + int idx;
> >
> > + idx = device_links_read_lock();
> > spin_lock(&devices_kset->list_lock);
> > /*
> > * Walk the devices list backward, shutting down each in turn.
> > @@ -2866,11 +2903,12 @@ void device_shutdown(void)
> > * devices offline, even as the system is shutting down.
> > */
> > while (!list_empty(&devices_kset->list)) {
> > - dev = list_entry(devices_kset->list.prev, struct device,
> > + dev = list_entry(devices_kset->list.next, struct device,
> > kobj.entry);
> > - __device_shutdown(dev);
> > + device_for_each_child_shutdown(dev);
> > }
> > spin_unlock(&devices_kset->list_lock);
> > + device_links_read_unlock(idx);
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > diff --git a/include/linux/device.h b/include/linux/device.h
> > index 055a69d..8a0f784 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/device.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/device.h
> > @@ -1003,6 +1003,7 @@ struct device {
> > bool offline:1;
> > bool of_node_reused:1;
> > bool dma_32bit_limit:1;
> > + bool shutdown:1; /* one direction: false->true */
> > };
> >
> > static inline struct device *kobj_to_dev(struct kobject *kobj)
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >
>
>
>
> --
> With Best Regards,
> Andy Shevchenko

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