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Subject[PATCH v4 5/5] KVM: x86: hyperv: implement PV IPI send hypercalls
Date
Using hypercall for sending IPIs is faster because this allows to specify
any number of vCPUs (even > 64 with sparse CPU set), the whole procedure
will take only one VMEXIT.

Current Hyper-V TLFS (v5.0b) claims that HvCallSendSyntheticClusterIpi
hypercall can't be 'fast' (passing parameters through registers) but
apparently this is not true, Windows always uses it as 'fast' so we need
to support that.

Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
---
Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt | 8 +++
arch/x86/kvm/hyperv.c | 109 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kvm/trace.h | 42 +++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 1 +
include/uapi/linux/kvm.h | 1 +
5 files changed, 161 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
index 495b7742ab58..1f3a9ea6a59c 100644
--- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
@@ -4618,3 +4618,11 @@ This capability indicates that KVM supports paravirtualized Hyper-V TLB Flush
hypercalls:
HvFlushVirtualAddressSpace, HvFlushVirtualAddressSpaceEx,
HvFlushVirtualAddressList, HvFlushVirtualAddressListEx.
+
+8.19 KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SEND_IPI
+
+Architectures: x86
+
+This capability indicates that KVM supports paravirtualized Hyper-V IPI send
+hypercalls:
+HvCallSendSyntheticClusterIpi, HvCallSendSyntheticClusterIpiEx.
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/hyperv.c b/arch/x86/kvm/hyperv.c
index 8db20c9d4529..4edfaaf6ad91 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/hyperv.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/hyperv.c
@@ -1347,6 +1347,101 @@ static u64 kvm_hv_flush_tlb(struct kvm_vcpu *current_vcpu, u64 ingpa,
((u64)rep_cnt << HV_HYPERCALL_REP_COMP_OFFSET);
}

+static u64 kvm_hv_send_ipi(struct kvm_vcpu *current_vcpu, u64 ingpa, u64 outgpa,
+ bool ex, bool fast)
+{
+ struct kvm *kvm = current_vcpu->kvm;
+ struct hv_send_ipi_ex send_ipi_ex;
+ struct hv_send_ipi send_ipi;
+ struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
+ unsigned long valid_bank_mask;
+ u64 sparse_banks[64];
+ int sparse_banks_len, bank, i;
+ struct kvm_lapic_irq irq = {.delivery_mode = APIC_DM_FIXED};
+ bool all_cpus;
+
+ if (!ex) {
+ if (!fast) {
+ if (unlikely(kvm_read_guest(kvm, ingpa, &send_ipi,
+ sizeof(send_ipi))))
+ return HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+ sparse_banks[0] = send_ipi.cpu_mask;
+ irq.vector = send_ipi.vector;
+ } else {
+ /* 'reserved' part of hv_send_ipi should be 0 */
+ if (unlikely(ingpa >> 32 != 0))
+ return HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+ sparse_banks[0] = outgpa;
+ irq.vector = (u32)ingpa;
+ }
+ all_cpus = false;
+ valid_bank_mask = BIT_ULL(0);
+
+ trace_kvm_hv_send_ipi(irq.vector, sparse_banks[0]);
+ } else {
+ if (unlikely(kvm_read_guest(kvm, ingpa, &send_ipi_ex,
+ sizeof(send_ipi_ex))))
+ return HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+
+ trace_kvm_hv_send_ipi_ex(send_ipi_ex.vector,
+ send_ipi_ex.vp_set.format,
+ send_ipi_ex.vp_set.valid_bank_mask);
+
+ irq.vector = send_ipi_ex.vector;
+ valid_bank_mask = send_ipi_ex.vp_set.valid_bank_mask;
+ sparse_banks_len = bitmap_weight(&valid_bank_mask, 64) *
+ sizeof(sparse_banks[0]);
+
+ all_cpus = send_ipi_ex.vp_set.format == HV_GENERIC_SET_ALL;
+
+ if (!sparse_banks_len)
+ goto ret_success;
+
+ if (!all_cpus &&
+ kvm_read_guest(kvm,
+ ingpa + offsetof(struct hv_send_ipi_ex,
+ vp_set.bank_contents),
+ sparse_banks,
+ sparse_banks_len))
+ return HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+ }
+
+ if ((irq.vector < HV_IPI_LOW_VECTOR) ||
+ (irq.vector > HV_IPI_HIGH_VECTOR))
+ return HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+
+ if (all_cpus) {
+ kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm) {
+ /* We fail only when APIC is disabled */
+ if (!kvm_apic_set_irq(vcpu, &irq, NULL))
+ return HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+ }
+ goto ret_success;
+ }
+
+ for_each_set_bit(bank, (unsigned long *)&valid_bank_mask,
+ BITS_PER_LONG) {
+
+ for_each_set_bit(i, (unsigned long *)&sparse_banks[bank],
+ BITS_PER_LONG) {
+ u32 vp_index = bank * 64 + i;
+ struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu =
+ get_vcpu_by_vpidx(kvm, vp_index);
+
+ /* Unknown vCPU specified */
+ if (!vcpu)
+ return HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+
+ /* We fail only when APIC is disabled */
+ if (!kvm_apic_set_irq(vcpu, &irq, NULL))
+ return HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+ }
+ }
+
+ret_success:
+ return HV_STATUS_SUCCESS;
+}
+
bool kvm_hv_hypercall_enabled(struct kvm *kvm)
{
return READ_ONCE(kvm->arch.hyperv.hv_hypercall) & HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL_ENABLE;
@@ -1516,6 +1611,20 @@ int kvm_hv_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
}
ret = kvm_hv_flush_tlb(vcpu, ingpa, rep_cnt, true);
break;
+ case HVCALL_SEND_IPI:
+ if (unlikely(rep)) {
+ ret = HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+ break;
+ }
+ ret = kvm_hv_send_ipi(vcpu, ingpa, outgpa, false, fast);
+ break;
+ case HVCALL_SEND_IPI_EX:
+ if (unlikely(fast || rep)) {
+ ret = HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT;
+ break;
+ }
+ ret = kvm_hv_send_ipi(vcpu, ingpa, outgpa, true, false);
+ break;
default:
ret = HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_CODE;
break;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/trace.h b/arch/x86/kvm/trace.h
index 0f997683404f..0659465a745c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/trace.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/trace.h
@@ -1418,6 +1418,48 @@ TRACE_EVENT(kvm_hv_flush_tlb_ex,
__entry->valid_bank_mask, __entry->format,
__entry->address_space, __entry->flags)
);
+
+/*
+ * Tracepoints for kvm_hv_send_ipi.
+ */
+TRACE_EVENT(kvm_hv_send_ipi,
+ TP_PROTO(u32 vector, u64 processor_mask),
+ TP_ARGS(vector, processor_mask),
+
+ TP_STRUCT__entry(
+ __field(u32, vector)
+ __field(u64, processor_mask)
+ ),
+
+ TP_fast_assign(
+ __entry->vector = vector;
+ __entry->processor_mask = processor_mask;
+ ),
+
+ TP_printk("vector %x processor_mask 0x%llx",
+ __entry->vector, __entry->processor_mask)
+);
+
+TRACE_EVENT(kvm_hv_send_ipi_ex,
+ TP_PROTO(u32 vector, u64 format, u64 valid_bank_mask),
+ TP_ARGS(vector, format, valid_bank_mask),
+
+ TP_STRUCT__entry(
+ __field(u32, vector)
+ __field(u64, format)
+ __field(u64, valid_bank_mask)
+ ),
+
+ TP_fast_assign(
+ __entry->vector = vector;
+ __entry->format = format;
+ __entry->valid_bank_mask = valid_bank_mask;
+ ),
+
+ TP_printk("vector %x format %llx valid_bank_mask 0x%llx",
+ __entry->vector, __entry->format,
+ __entry->valid_bank_mask)
+);
#endif /* _TRACE_KVM_H */

#undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 0046aa70205a..1884b66de9c2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -2874,6 +2874,7 @@ int kvm_vm_ioctl_check_extension(struct kvm *kvm, long ext)
case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_VP_INDEX:
case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_EVENTFD:
case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_TLBFLUSH:
+ case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SEND_IPI:
case KVM_CAP_PCI_SEGMENT:
case KVM_CAP_DEBUGREGS:
case KVM_CAP_X86_ROBUST_SINGLESTEP:
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
index b6270a3b38e9..adce915f80a5 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
@@ -949,6 +949,7 @@ struct kvm_ppc_resize_hpt {
#define KVM_CAP_GET_MSR_FEATURES 153
#define KVM_CAP_HYPERV_EVENTFD 154
#define KVM_CAP_HYPERV_TLBFLUSH 155
+#define KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SEND_IPI 156

#ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING

--
2.14.4
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