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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 11/11] docs/mm: add description of boot time memory management
On Sat 30-06-18 17:55:06, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> Both bootmem and memblock are have pretty good internal documentation
> coverage. With addition of some overview we get a nice description of the
> early memory management.
>
> Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

Yes this looks reasonable. I would just mention the available debugging
options and CONFIG_ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK.

Other than that looks goot to get a rough idea. Improvements can be done
on top of course.

Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

> ---
> Documentation/core-api/boot-time-mm.rst | 92 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> Documentation/core-api/index.rst | 1 +
> 2 files changed, 93 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/core-api/boot-time-mm.rst
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/boot-time-mm.rst b/Documentation/core-api/boot-time-mm.rst
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..03cb164
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/core-api/boot-time-mm.rst
> @@ -0,0 +1,92 @@
> +===========================
> +Boot time memory management
> +===========================
> +
> +Early system initialization cannot use "normal" memory management
> +simply because it is not set up yet. But there is still need to
> +allocate memory for various data structures, for instance for the
> +physical page allocator. To address this, a specialized allocator
> +called the :ref:`Boot Memory Allocator <bootmem>`, or bootmem, was
> +introduced. Several years later PowerPC developers added a "Logical
> +Memory Blocks" allocator, which was later adopted by other
> +architectures and renamed to :ref:`memblock <memblock>`. There is also
> +a compatibility layer called `nobootmem` that translates bootmem
> +allocation interfaces to memblock calls.
> +
> +The selection of the early allocator is done using
> +``CONFIG_NO_BOOTMEM`` and ``CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK`` kernel
> +configuration options. These options are enabled or disabled
> +statically by the architectures' Kconfig files.
> +
> +* Architectures that rely only on bootmem select
> + ``CONFIG_NO_BOOTMEM=n && CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK=n``.
> +* The users of memblock with the nobootmem compatibility layer set
> + ``CONFIG_NO_BOOTMEM=y && CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK=y``.
> +* And for those that use both memblock and bootmem the configuration
> + includes ``CONFIG_NO_BOOTMEM=n && CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK=y``.
> +
> +Whichever allocator is used, it is the responsibility of the
> +architecture specific initialization to set it up in
> +:c:func:`setup_arch` and tear it down in :c:func:`mem_init` functions.
> +
> +Once the early memory management is available it offers a variety of
> +functions and macros for memory allocations. The allocation request
> +may be directed to the first (and probably the only) node or to a
> +particular node in a NUMA system. There are API variants that panic
> +when an allocation fails and those that don't. And more recent and
> +advanced memblock even allows controlling its own behaviour.
> +
> +.. _bootmem:
> +
> +Bootmem
> +=======
> +
> +(mostly stolen from Mel Gorman's "Understanding the Linux Virtual
> +Memory Manager" `book`_)
> +
> +.. _book: https://www.kernel.org/doc/gorman/
> +
> +.. kernel-doc:: mm/bootmem.c
> + :doc: bootmem overview
> +
> +.. _memblock:
> +
> +Memblock
> +========
> +
> +.. kernel-doc:: mm/memblock.c
> + :doc: memblock overview
> +
> +
> +Functions and structures
> +========================
> +
> +Common API
> +----------
> +
> +The functions that are described in this section are available
> +regardless of what early memory manager is enabled.
> +
> +.. kernel-doc:: mm/nobootmem.c
> +
> +Bootmem specific API
> +--------------------
> +
> +These interfaces available only with bootmem, i.e when ``CONFIG_NO_BOOTMEM=n``
> +
> +.. kernel-doc:: include/linux/bootmem.h
> +.. kernel-doc:: mm/bootmem.c
> + :nodocs:
> +
> +Memblock specific API
> +---------------------
> +
> +Here is the description of memblock data structures, functions and
> +macros. Some of them are actually internal, but since they are
> +documented it would be silly to omit them. Besides, reading the
> +descriptions for the internal functions can help to understand what
> +really happens under the hood.
> +
> +.. kernel-doc:: include/linux/memblock.h
> +.. kernel-doc:: mm/memblock.c
> + :nodocs:
> diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/index.rst b/Documentation/core-api/index.rst
> index f5a66b7..93d5a46 100644
> --- a/Documentation/core-api/index.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/core-api/index.rst
> @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ Core utilities
> printk-formats
> circular-buffers
> gfp_mask-from-fs-io
> + boot-time-mm
>
> Interfaces for kernel debugging
> ===============================
> --
> 2.7.4

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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