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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6] Add udmabuf misc device
On Tue, Jul 03, 2018 at 09:53:58AM +0200, Gerd Hoffmann wrote:
> A driver to let userspace turn memfd regions into dma-bufs.
>
> Use case: Allows qemu create dmabufs for the vga framebuffer or
> virtio-gpu ressources. Then they can be passed around to display
> those guest things on the host. To spice client for classic full
> framebuffer display, and hopefully some day to wayland server for
> seamless guest window display.
>
> qemu test branch:
> https://git.kraxel.org/cgit/qemu/log/?h=sirius/udmabuf
>
> Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
> Cc: Tomeu Vizoso <tomeu.vizoso@collabora.com>
> Cc: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
> Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch>
> Signed-off-by: Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>

I think some ack for a 2nd use-case, like virtio-wl or whatever would be
really cool. To give us some assurance that this is generically useful.
Plus an ack from dma-buf folks (nag them on irc, you don't have them on Cc
here). Then this is imo good to go.

I assume you'll push it to drm-misc, like all the other dma-buf stuff?
-Daniel

> ---
> Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt | 1 +
> include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h | 33 +++
> drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c | 287 ++++++++++++++++++++++
> tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c | 96 ++++++++
> MAINTAINERS | 8 +
> drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig | 8 +
> drivers/dma-buf/Makefile | 1 +
> tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile | 5 +
> 8 files changed, 439 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h
> create mode 100644 drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt b/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
> index 480c8609dc..6636dea476 100644
> --- a/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
> @@ -271,6 +271,7 @@ Code Seq#(hex) Include File Comments
> 't' 90-91 linux/toshiba.h toshiba and toshiba_acpi SMM
> 'u' 00-1F linux/smb_fs.h gone
> 'u' 20-3F linux/uvcvideo.h USB video class host driver
> +'u' 40-4f linux/udmabuf.h userspace dma-buf misc device
> 'v' 00-1F linux/ext2_fs.h conflict!
> 'v' 00-1F linux/fs.h conflict!
> 'v' 00-0F linux/sonypi.h conflict!
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h b/include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..46b6532ed8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,33 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
> +#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_UDMABUF_H
> +#define _UAPI_LINUX_UDMABUF_H
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/ioctl.h>
> +
> +#define UDMABUF_FLAGS_CLOEXEC 0x01
> +
> +struct udmabuf_create {
> + __u32 memfd;
> + __u32 flags;
> + __u64 offset;
> + __u64 size;
> +};
> +
> +struct udmabuf_create_item {
> + __u32 memfd;
> + __u32 __pad;
> + __u64 offset;
> + __u64 size;
> +};
> +
> +struct udmabuf_create_list {
> + __u32 flags;
> + __u32 count;
> + struct udmabuf_create_item list[];
> +};
> +
> +#define UDMABUF_CREATE _IOW('u', 0x42, struct udmabuf_create)
> +#define UDMABUF_CREATE_LIST _IOW('u', 0x43, struct udmabuf_create_list)
> +
> +#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_UDMABUF_H */
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c b/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..8e24204526
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,287 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
> +#include <linux/dma-buf.h>
> +#include <linux/highmem.h>
> +#include <linux/cred.h>
> +#include <linux/shmem_fs.h>
> +#include <linux/memfd.h>
> +
> +#include <uapi/linux/udmabuf.h>
> +
> +struct udmabuf {
> + u32 pagecount;
> + struct page **pages;
> +};
> +
> +static int udmabuf_vm_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> +{
> + struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
> + struct udmabuf *ubuf = vma->vm_private_data;
> +
> + if (WARN_ON(vmf->pgoff >= ubuf->pagecount))
> + return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
> +
> + vmf->page = ubuf->pages[vmf->pgoff];
> + get_page(vmf->page);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct vm_operations_struct udmabuf_vm_ops = {
> + .fault = udmabuf_vm_fault,
> +};
> +
> +static int mmap_udmabuf(struct dma_buf *buf, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> +{
> + struct udmabuf *ubuf = buf->priv;
> +
> + if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE)) == 0)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + vma->vm_ops = &udmabuf_vm_ops;
> + vma->vm_private_data = ubuf;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct sg_table *map_udmabuf(struct dma_buf_attachment *at,
> + enum dma_data_direction direction)
> +{
> + struct udmabuf *ubuf = at->dmabuf->priv;
> + struct sg_table *sg;
> +
> + sg = kzalloc(sizeof(*sg), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!sg)
> + goto err1;
> + if (sg_alloc_table_from_pages(sg, ubuf->pages, ubuf->pagecount,
> + 0, ubuf->pagecount << PAGE_SHIFT,
> + GFP_KERNEL) < 0)
> + goto err2;
> + if (!dma_map_sg(at->dev, sg->sgl, sg->nents, direction))
> + goto err3;
> +
> + return sg;
> +
> +err3:
> + sg_free_table(sg);
> +err2:
> + kfree(sg);
> +err1:
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +}
> +
> +static void unmap_udmabuf(struct dma_buf_attachment *at,
> + struct sg_table *sg,
> + enum dma_data_direction direction)
> +{
> + sg_free_table(sg);
> + kfree(sg);
> +}
> +
> +static void release_udmabuf(struct dma_buf *buf)
> +{
> + struct udmabuf *ubuf = buf->priv;
> + pgoff_t pg;
> +
> + for (pg = 0; pg < ubuf->pagecount; pg++)
> + put_page(ubuf->pages[pg]);
> + kfree(ubuf->pages);
> + kfree(ubuf);
> +}
> +
> +static void *kmap_udmabuf(struct dma_buf *buf, unsigned long page_num)
> +{
> + struct udmabuf *ubuf = buf->priv;
> + struct page *page = ubuf->pages[page_num];
> +
> + return kmap(page);
> +}
> +
> +static void kunmap_udmabuf(struct dma_buf *buf, unsigned long page_num,
> + void *vaddr)
> +{
> + kunmap(vaddr);
> +}
> +
> +static struct dma_buf_ops udmabuf_ops = {
> + .map_dma_buf = map_udmabuf,
> + .unmap_dma_buf = unmap_udmabuf,
> + .release = release_udmabuf,
> + .map = kmap_udmabuf,
> + .unmap = kunmap_udmabuf,
> + .mmap = mmap_udmabuf,
> +};
> +
> +#define SEALS_WANTED (F_SEAL_SHRINK)
> +#define SEALS_DENIED (F_SEAL_WRITE)
> +
> +static long udmabuf_create(struct udmabuf_create_list *head,
> + struct udmabuf_create_item *list)
> +{
> + DEFINE_DMA_BUF_EXPORT_INFO(exp_info);
> + struct file *memfd = NULL;
> + struct udmabuf *ubuf;
> + struct dma_buf *buf;
> + pgoff_t pgoff, pgcnt, pgidx, pgbuf;
> + struct page *page;
> + int seals, ret = -EINVAL;
> + u32 i, flags;
> +
> + ubuf = kzalloc(sizeof(struct udmabuf), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!ubuf)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < head->count; i++) {
> + if (!IS_ALIGNED(list[i].offset, PAGE_SIZE))
> + goto err_free_ubuf;
> + if (!IS_ALIGNED(list[i].size, PAGE_SIZE))
> + goto err_free_ubuf;
> + ubuf->pagecount += list[i].size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> + }
> + ubuf->pages = kmalloc_array(ubuf->pagecount, sizeof(struct page *),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!ubuf->pages) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto err_free_ubuf;
> + }
> +
> + pgbuf = 0;
> + for (i = 0; i < head->count; i++) {
> + memfd = fget(list[i].memfd);
> + if (!memfd)
> + goto err_put_pages;
> + if (!shmem_mapping(file_inode(memfd)->i_mapping))
> + goto err_put_pages;
> + seals = memfd_fcntl(memfd, F_GET_SEALS, 0);
> + if (seals == -EINVAL ||
> + (seals & SEALS_WANTED) != SEALS_WANTED ||
> + (seals & SEALS_DENIED) != 0)
> + goto err_put_pages;
> + pgoff = list[i].offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> + pgcnt = list[i].size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> + for (pgidx = 0; pgidx < pgcnt; pgidx++) {
> + page = shmem_read_mapping_page(
> + file_inode(memfd)->i_mapping, pgoff + pgidx);
> + if (IS_ERR(page)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(page);
> + goto err_put_pages;
> + }
> + ubuf->pages[pgbuf++] = page;
> + }
> + fput(memfd);
> + }
> + memfd = NULL;
> +
> + exp_info.ops = &udmabuf_ops;
> + exp_info.size = ubuf->pagecount << PAGE_SHIFT;
> + exp_info.priv = ubuf;
> +
> + buf = dma_buf_export(&exp_info);
> + if (IS_ERR(buf)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(buf);
> + goto err_put_pages;
> + }
> +
> + flags = 0;
> + if (head->flags & UDMABUF_FLAGS_CLOEXEC)
> + flags |= O_CLOEXEC;
> + return dma_buf_fd(buf, flags);
> +
> +err_put_pages:
> + while (pgbuf > 0)
> + put_page(ubuf->pages[--pgbuf]);
> +err_free_ubuf:
> + fput(memfd);
> + kfree(ubuf->pages);
> + kfree(ubuf);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static long udmabuf_ioctl_create(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + struct udmabuf_create create;
> + struct udmabuf_create_list head;
> + struct udmabuf_create_item list;
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(&create, (void __user *)arg,
> + sizeof(struct udmabuf_create)))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + head.flags = create.flags;
> + head.count = 1;
> + list.memfd = create.memfd;
> + list.offset = create.offset;
> + list.size = create.size;
> +
> + return udmabuf_create(&head, &list);
> +}
> +
> +static long udmabuf_ioctl_create_list(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + struct udmabuf_create_list head;
> + struct udmabuf_create_item *list;
> + int ret = -EINVAL;
> + u32 lsize;
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(&head, (void __user *)arg, sizeof(head)))
> + return -EFAULT;
> + if (head.count > 1024)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + lsize = sizeof(struct udmabuf_create_item) * head.count;
> + list = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + sizeof(head)), lsize);
> + if (IS_ERR(list))
> + return PTR_ERR(list);
> +
> + ret = udmabuf_create(&head, list);
> + kfree(list);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static long udmabuf_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int ioctl,
> + unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + long ret;
> +
> + switch (ioctl) {
> + case UDMABUF_CREATE:
> + ret = udmabuf_ioctl_create(filp, arg);
> + break;
> + case UDMABUF_CREATE_LIST:
> + ret = udmabuf_ioctl_create_list(filp, arg);
> + break;
> + default:
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + break;
> + }
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations udmabuf_fops = {
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .unlocked_ioctl = udmabuf_ioctl,
> +};
> +
> +static struct miscdevice udmabuf_misc = {
> + .minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR,
> + .name = "udmabuf",
> + .fops = &udmabuf_fops,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init udmabuf_dev_init(void)
> +{
> + return misc_register(&udmabuf_misc);
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit udmabuf_dev_exit(void)
> +{
> + misc_deregister(&udmabuf_misc);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(udmabuf_dev_init)
> +module_exit(udmabuf_dev_exit)
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c b/tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..376b1d6730
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,96 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +#include <stdlib.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +#include <string.h>
> +#include <errno.h>
> +#include <fcntl.h>
> +#include <malloc.h>
> +
> +#include <sys/ioctl.h>
> +#include <sys/syscall.h>
> +#include <linux/memfd.h>
> +#include <linux/udmabuf.h>
> +
> +#define TEST_PREFIX "drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf"
> +#define NUM_PAGES 4
> +
> +static int memfd_create(const char *name, unsigned int flags)
> +{
> + return syscall(__NR_memfd_create, name, flags);
> +}
> +
> +int main(int argc, char *argv[])
> +{
> + struct udmabuf_create create;
> + int devfd, memfd, buf, ret;
> + off_t size;
> + void *mem;
> +
> + devfd = open("/dev/udmabuf", O_RDWR);
> + if (devfd < 0) {
> + printf("%s: [skip,no-udmabuf]\n", TEST_PREFIX);
> + exit(77);
> + }
> +
> + memfd = memfd_create("udmabuf-test", MFD_CLOEXEC);
> + if (memfd < 0) {
> + printf("%s: [skip,no-memfd]\n", TEST_PREFIX);
> + exit(77);
> + }
> +
> + size = getpagesize() * NUM_PAGES;
> + ret = ftruncate(memfd, size);
> + if (ret == -1) {
> + printf("%s: [FAIL,memfd-truncate]\n", TEST_PREFIX);
> + exit(1);
> + }
> +
> + memset(&create, 0, sizeof(create));
> +
> + /* should fail (offset not page aligned) */
> + create.memfd = memfd;
> + create.offset = getpagesize()/2;
> + create.size = getpagesize();
> + buf = ioctl(devfd, UDMABUF_CREATE, &create);
> + if (buf >= 0) {
> + printf("%s: [FAIL,test-1]\n", TEST_PREFIX);
> + exit(1);
> + }
> +
> + /* should fail (size not multiple of page) */
> + create.memfd = memfd;
> + create.offset = 0;
> + create.size = getpagesize()/2;
> + buf = ioctl(devfd, UDMABUF_CREATE, &create);
> + if (buf >= 0) {
> + printf("%s: [FAIL,test-2]\n", TEST_PREFIX);
> + exit(1);
> + }
> +
> + /* should fail (not memfd) */
> + create.memfd = 0; /* stdin */
> + create.offset = 0;
> + create.size = size;
> + buf = ioctl(devfd, UDMABUF_CREATE, &create);
> + if (buf >= 0) {
> + printf("%s: [FAIL,test-3]\n", TEST_PREFIX);
> + exit(1);
> + }
> +
> + /* should work */
> + create.memfd = memfd;
> + create.offset = 0;
> + create.size = size;
> + buf = ioctl(devfd, UDMABUF_CREATE, &create);
> + if (buf < 0) {
> + printf("%s: [FAIL,test-4]\n", TEST_PREFIX);
> + exit(1);
> + }
> +
> + fprintf(stderr, "%s: ok\n", TEST_PREFIX);
> + close(buf);
> + close(memfd);
> + close(devfd);
> + return 0;
> +}
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index 07d1576fc7..a8e1bb3bc3 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -14638,6 +14638,14 @@ S: Maintained
> F: Documentation/filesystems/udf.txt
> F: fs/udf/
>
> +UDMABUF DRIVER
> +M: Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>
> +L: dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> +S: Maintained
> +F: drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> +F: include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h
> +F: tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> +
> UDRAW TABLET
> M: Bastien Nocera <hadess@hadess.net>
> L: linux-input@vger.kernel.org
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig b/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
> index ed3b785bae..338129eb12 100644
> --- a/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
> @@ -30,4 +30,12 @@ config SW_SYNC
> WARNING: improper use of this can result in deadlocking kernel
> drivers from userspace. Intended for test and debug only.
>
> +config UDMABUF
> + bool "userspace dmabuf misc driver"
> + default n
> + depends on DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
> + help
> + A driver to let userspace turn memfd regions into dma-bufs.
> + Qemu can use this to create host dmabufs for guest framebuffers.
> +
> endmenu
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile b/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> index c33bf88631..0913a6ccab 100644
> --- a/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> @@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
> obj-y := dma-buf.o dma-fence.o dma-fence-array.o reservation.o seqno-fence.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SYNC_FILE) += sync_file.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SW_SYNC) += sw_sync.o sync_debug.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_UDMABUF) += udmabuf.o
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..4154c3d7aa
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> @@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
> +CFLAGS += -I../../../../../usr/include/
> +
> +TEST_GEN_PROGS := udmabuf
> +
> +include ../../lib.mk
> --
> 2.9.3
>

--
Daniel Vetter
Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
http://blog.ffwll.ch

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