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SubjectRe: [RFC v6 PATCH 2/2] mm: mmap: zap pages with read mmap_sem in munmap
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On 26/07/2018 20:10, Yang Shi wrote:
> When running some mmap/munmap scalability tests with large memory (i.e.
>> 300GB), the below hung task issue may happen occasionally.
>
> INFO: task ps:14018 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> Tainted: G E 4.9.79-009.ali3000.alios7.x86_64 #1
> "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this
> message.
> ps D 0 14018 1 0x00000004
> ffff885582f84000 ffff885e8682f000 ffff880972943000 ffff885ebf499bc0
> ffff8828ee120000 ffffc900349bfca8 ffffffff817154d0 0000000000000040
> 00ffffff812f872a ffff885ebf499bc0 024000d000948300 ffff880972943000
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffff817154d0>] ? __schedule+0x250/0x730
> [<ffffffff817159e6>] schedule+0x36/0x80
> [<ffffffff81718560>] rwsem_down_read_failed+0xf0/0x150
> [<ffffffff81390a28>] call_rwsem_down_read_failed+0x18/0x30
> [<ffffffff81717db0>] down_read+0x20/0x40
> [<ffffffff812b9439>] proc_pid_cmdline_read+0xd9/0x4e0
> [<ffffffff81253c95>] ? do_filp_open+0xa5/0x100
> [<ffffffff81241d87>] __vfs_read+0x37/0x150
> [<ffffffff812f824b>] ? security_file_permission+0x9b/0xc0
> [<ffffffff81242266>] vfs_read+0x96/0x130
> [<ffffffff812437b5>] SyS_read+0x55/0xc0
> [<ffffffff8171a6da>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1a/0xc5
>
> It is because munmap holds mmap_sem exclusively from very beginning to
> all the way down to the end, and doesn't release it in the middle. When
> unmapping large mapping, it may take long time (take ~18 seconds to
> unmap 320GB mapping with every single page mapped on an idle machine).
>
> Zapping pages is the most time consuming part, according to the
> suggestion from Michal Hocko [1], zapping pages can be done with holding
> read mmap_sem, like what MADV_DONTNEED does. Then re-acquire write
> mmap_sem to cleanup vmas.
>
> But, some part may need write mmap_sem, for example, vma splitting. So,
> the design is as follows:
> acquire write mmap_sem
> lookup vmas (find and split vmas)
> detach vmas
> deal with special mappings
> downgrade_write
>
> zap pages
> free page tables
> release mmap_sem
>
> The vm events with read mmap_sem may come in during page zapping, but
> since vmas have been detached before, they, i.e. page fault, gup, etc,
> will not be able to find valid vma, then just return SIGSEGV or -EFAULT
> as expected.
>
> If the vma has VM_LOCKED | VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP or uprobe, they are
> considered as special mappings. They will be dealt with before zapping
> pages with write mmap_sem held. Basically, just update vm_flags.
>
> And, since they are also manipulated by unmap_single_vma() which is
> called by unmap_vma() with read mmap_sem held in this case, to
> prevent from updating vm_flags in read critical section, a new
> parameter, called "skip_flags" is added to unmap_region(), unmap_vmas()
> and unmap_single_vma(). If it is true, then just skip unmap those
> special mappings. Currently, the only place which pass true to this
> parameter is us.
>
> With this approach we don't have to re-acquire mmap_sem again to clean
> up vmas to avoid race window which might get the address space changed.
>
> And, since the lock acquire/release cost is managed to the minimum and
> almost as same as before, the optimization could be extended to any size
> of mapping without incurring significant penalty to small mappings.
>
> For the time being, just do this in munmap syscall path. Other
> vm_munmap() or do_munmap() call sites (i.e mmap, mremap, etc) remain
> intact for stability reason.
>
> With the patches, exclusive mmap_sem hold time when munmap a 80GB
> address space on a machine with 32 cores of E5-2680 @ 2.70GHz dropped to
> us level from second.
>
> munmap_test-15002 [008] 594.380138: funcgraph_entry: | vm_munmap_zap_rlock() {
> munmap_test-15002 [008] 594.380146: funcgraph_entry: !2485684 us | unmap_region();
> munmap_test-15002 [008] 596.865836: funcgraph_exit: !2485692 us | }
>
> Here the excution time of unmap_region() is used to evaluate the time of
> holding read mmap_sem, then the remaining time is used with holding
> exclusive lock.
>
> [1] https://lwn.net/Articles/753269/
>
> Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> Suggested-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
> Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
> ---
> include/linux/mm.h | 2 +-
> mm/memory.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++------
> mm/mmap.c | 99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> 3 files changed, 123 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
> index a0fbb9f..e4480d8 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
> @@ -1321,7 +1321,7 @@ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
> void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
> unsigned long size);
> void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma,
> - unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
> + unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool skip_vm_flags);
>
> /**
> * mm_walk - callbacks for walk_page_range
> diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
> index 7206a63..6a772bd 100644
> --- a/mm/memory.c
> +++ b/mm/memory.c
> @@ -1514,7 +1514,7 @@ void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
> static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
> struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr,
> unsigned long end_addr,
> - struct zap_details *details)
> + struct zap_details *details, bool skip_vm_flags)
> {
> unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr);
> unsigned long end;
> @@ -1525,11 +1525,19 @@ static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
> if (end <= vma->vm_start)
> return;
>
> - if (vma->vm_file)
> - uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end);
> + /*
> + * Since unmap_single_vma might be called with read mmap_sem held
> + * in munmap optimization, so vm_flags can't be updated in this case.
> + * They have been updated before this call with write mmap_sem held.
> + * Here if skip_vm_flags is true, just skip the update.
> + */
> + if (!skip_vm_flags) {
> + if (vma->vm_file)
> + uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end);
>
> - if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP))
> - untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0);
> + if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP))
> + untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0);
> + }
>
> if (start != end) {
> if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) {
> @@ -1546,7 +1554,19 @@ static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
> */
> if (vma->vm_file) {
> i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
> - __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL);
> + if (!skip_vm_flags) {

As already reported by Mika : if (skip_vm_flags).

> + /*
> + * The vma is being unmapped with read
> + * mmap_sem.
> + * Can't update vm_flags here, it has
> + * been updated before this call with
> + * write mmap_sem held.
> + */
> + __unmap_hugepage_range(tlb, vma, start,
> + end, NULL);
> + } else
> + __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma,
> + start, end, NULL);
> i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
> }
> } else
> @@ -1574,13 +1594,14 @@ static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
> */
> void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
> struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr,
> - unsigned long end_addr)
> + unsigned long end_addr, bool skip_vm_flags)
> {
> struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
>
> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, start_addr, end_addr);
> for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next)
> - unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL);
> + unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL,
> + skip_vm_flags);
> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, start_addr, end_addr);
> }
>
> @@ -1604,7 +1625,7 @@ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
> update_hiwater_rss(mm);
> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, start, end);
> for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end; vma = vma->vm_next) {
> - unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, end, NULL);
> + unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, end, NULL, false);
>
> /*
> * zap_page_range does not specify whether mmap_sem should be
> @@ -1641,7 +1662,7 @@ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr
> tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, address, end);
> update_hiwater_rss(mm);
> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, address, end);
> - unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, end, details);
> + unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, end, details, false);
> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, address, end);
> tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, end);
> }
> diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
> index 2504094..663a0c5 100644
> --- a/mm/mmap.c
> +++ b/mm/mmap.c
> @@ -73,7 +73,7 @@
>
> static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm,
> struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev,
> - unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
> + unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool skip_flags);

Earlier, you used the name 'skip_vm_flags'. It would be nice to keep the same
parameter name everywhere, isn't it ?

>
> /* description of effects of mapping type and prot in current implementation.
> * this is due to the limited x86 page protection hardware. The expected
> @@ -1824,7 +1824,7 @@ unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
> fput(file);
>
> /* Undo any partial mapping done by a device driver. */
> - unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
> + unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, false);
> charged = 0;
> if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
> mapping_unmap_writable(file->f_mapping);
> @@ -2559,7 +2559,7 @@ static void remove_vma_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> */
> static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm,
> struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev,
> - unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
> + unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool skip_flags)

Here too.

> {
> struct vm_area_struct *next = prev ? prev->vm_next : mm->mmap;
> struct mmu_gather tlb;
> @@ -2567,7 +2567,7 @@ static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm,
> lru_add_drain();
> tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, start, end);
> update_hiwater_rss(mm);
> - unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, start, end);
> + unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, start, end, skip_flags);
> free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, prev ? prev->vm_end : FIRST_USER_ADDRESS,
> next ? next->vm_start : USER_PGTABLES_CEILING);
> tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, end);
> @@ -2778,6 +2778,79 @@ static inline void munmap_mlock_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> }
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Zap pages with read mmap_sem held
> + *
> + * uf is the list for userfaultfd
> + */
> +static int do_munmap_zap_rlock(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
> + size_t len, struct list_head *uf)
> +{
> + unsigned long end = 0;
> + struct vm_area_struct *start_vma = NULL, *prev, *vma;
> + int ret = 0;

No need to initialize end, start_vma and ret here, they will be assigned before
used.

> +
> + if (!munmap_addr_sanity(start, len))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + len = PAGE_ALIGN(len);
> +
> + end = start + len;
> +
> + /*
> + * Need write mmap_sem to split vmas and detach vmas
> + * splitting vma up-front to save PITA to clean if it is failed
> + */
> + if (down_write_killable(&mm->mmap_sem))
> + return -EINTR;
> +
> + ret = munmap_lookup_vma(mm, &start_vma, &prev, start, end);
> + if (ret != 1)
> + goto out;
> +
> + if (unlikely(uf)) {
> + ret = userfaultfd_unmap_prep(start_vma, start, end, uf);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + /* Handle mlocked vmas */
> + if (mm->locked_vm)
> + munmap_mlock_vma(start_vma, end);
> +
> + /* Detach vmas from rbtree */
> + detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(mm, start_vma, prev, end);
> +
> + /*
> + * Clear uprobe, VM_PFNMAP and hugetlb mapping in advance since they
> + * need update vm_flags with write mmap_sem
> + */
> + vma = start_vma;
> + for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end; vma = vma->vm_next) {

Not critical, but 'vma = start_vma' should be part of the init stuff in for(),
like this:
for (vma = start_vma; vma && vma->vm_start < end; vma = vma->vm_next) {

> + if (vma->vm_file)
> + uprobe_munmap(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
> + if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP))
> + untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0);
> + if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
> + vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_MAYSHARE;
> + }
> +
> + downgrade_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +
> + /* Zap mappings with read mmap_sem */
> + unmap_region(mm, start_vma, prev, start, end, true);
> +
> + arch_unmap(mm, start_vma, start, end);
> + remove_vma_list(mm, start_vma);
> + up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +out:
> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> /* Munmap is split into 2 main parts -- this part which finds
> * what needs doing, and the areas themselves, which do the
> * work. This now handles partial unmappings.
> @@ -2826,7 +2899,7 @@ int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len,
> * Remove the vma's, and unmap the actual pages
> */
> detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(mm, vma, prev, end);
> - unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, start, end);
> + unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, start, end, false);
>
> arch_unmap(mm, vma, start, end);
>
> @@ -2836,6 +2909,17 @@ int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len,
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static int vm_munmap_zap_rlock(unsigned long start, size_t len)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
> + LIST_HEAD(uf);
> +
> + ret = do_munmap_zap_rlock(mm, start, len, &uf);
> + userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> int vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len)
> {
> int ret;
> @@ -2855,10 +2939,9 @@ int vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len)
> SYSCALL_DEFINE2(munmap, unsigned long, addr, size_t, len)
> {
> profile_munmap(addr);
> - return vm_munmap(addr, len);
> + return vm_munmap_zap_rlock(addr, len);
> }
>
> -
> /*
> * Emulation of deprecated remap_file_pages() syscall.
> */
> @@ -3146,7 +3229,7 @@ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
> tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, 0, -1);
> /* update_hiwater_rss(mm) here? but nobody should be looking */
> /* Use -1 here to ensure all VMAs in the mm are unmapped */
> - unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, 0, -1);
> + unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, 0, -1, false);
> free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, FIRST_USER_ADDRESS, USER_PGTABLES_CEILING);
> tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, 0, -1);
>

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