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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 0/6] add non-strict mode support for arm-smmu-v3
On 2018-07-12 7:18 AM, Zhen Lei wrote:
> v2 -> v3:
> Add a bootup option "iommu_strict_mode" to make the manager can choose which
> mode to be used. The first 5 patches have not changed.
> + iommu_strict_mode= [arm-smmu-v3]
> + 0 - strict mode (default)
> + 1 - non-strict mode
> v1 -> v2:
> Use the lowest bit of the io_pgtable_ops.unmap's iova parameter to pass the strict mode:
> Treat 0 as IOMMU_STRICT, so that the unmap operation can compatible with
> other IOMMUs which still use strict mode. In other words, this patch series
> will not impact other IOMMU drivers. I tried add a new quirk IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_NON_STRICT
> in io_pgtable_cfg.quirks, but it can not pass the strict mode of the domain from SMMUv3
> driver to io-pgtable module.

What exactly is the issue there? We don't have any problem with other
quirks like NO_DMA, and as I said before, by the time we're allocating
the io-pgtable in arm_smmu_domain_finalise() we already know everything
there is to know about the domain.

> Add a new member domain_non_strict in struct iommu_dma_cookie, this member will only be
> initialized when the related domain and IOMMU driver support non-strict mode.
> v1:
> In common, a IOMMU unmap operation follow the below steps:
> 1. remove the mapping in page table of the specified iova range
> 2. execute tlbi command to invalid the mapping which is cached in TLB
> 3. wait for the above tlbi operation to be finished
> 4. free the IOVA resource
> 5. free the physical memory resource
> This maybe a problem when unmap is very frequently, the combination of tlbi
> and wait operation will consume a lot of time. A feasible method is put off
> tlbi and iova-free operation, when accumulating to a certain number or
> reaching a specified time, execute only one tlbi_all command to clean up
> TLB, then free the backup IOVAs. Mark as non-strict mode.
> But it must be noted that, although the mapping has already been removed in
> the page table, it maybe still exist in TLB. And the freed physical memory
> may also be reused for others. So a attacker can persistent access to memory
> based on the just freed IOVA, to obtain sensible data or corrupt memory. So
> the VFIO should always choose the strict mode.
> Some may consider put off physical memory free also, that will still follow
> strict mode. But for the map_sg cases, the memory allocation is not controlled
> by IOMMU APIs, so it is not enforceable.
> Fortunately, Intel and AMD have already applied the non-strict mode, and put
> queue_iova() operation into the common file dma-iommu.c., and my work is based
> on it. The difference is that arm-smmu-v3 driver will call IOMMU common APIs to
> unmap, but Intel and AMD IOMMU drivers are not.
> Below is the performance data of strict vs non-strict for NVMe device:
> Randomly Read IOPS: 146K(strict) vs 573K(non-strict)
> Randomly Write IOPS: 143K(strict) vs 513K(non-strict)

How does that compare to passthrough performance? One thing I'm not
entirely clear about is what the realistic use-case for this is - even
if invalidation were infinitely fast, enabling translation still
typically has a fair impact on overall system performance in terms of
latency, power, memory bandwidth, etc., so I can't help wonder what
devices exist today for which performance is critical and robustness* is
unimportant, yet have crippled addressing capabilities such that they
can't just use passthrough.


* I don't want to say "security" here, since I'm actually a lot less
concerned about the theoretical malicious endpoint/wild write scenarios
than the the much more straightforward malfunctioning device and/or
buggy driver causing use-after-free style memory corruption. Also, I'm
sick of the word "security"...

> Zhen Lei (6):
> iommu/arm-smmu-v3: fix the implementation of flush_iotlb_all hook
> iommu/dma: add support for non-strict mode
> iommu/amd: use default branch to deal with all non-supported
> capabilities
> iommu/io-pgtable-arm: add support for non-strict mode
> iommu/arm-smmu-v3: add support for non-strict mode
> iommu/arm-smmu-v3: add bootup option "iommu_strict_mode"
> Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 12 +++++++
> drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c | 4 +--
> drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++--
> drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c | 25 +++++++++++++++
> drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c | 23 ++++++++------
> include/linux/iommu.h | 7 +++++
> 6 files changed, 98 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

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