lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Jul]   [24]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[patch v5] mm, oom: fix unnecessary killing of additional processes
The oom reaper ensures forward progress by setting MMF_OOM_SKIP itself if
it cannot reap an mm. This can happen for a variety of reasons,
including:

- the inability to grab mm->mmap_sem in a sufficient amount of time,

- when the mm has blockable mmu notifiers that could cause the oom reaper
to stall indefinitely,

but we can also add a third when the oom reaper can "reap" an mm but doing
so is unlikely to free any amount of memory:

- when the mm's memory is mostly mlocked.

When all memory is mlocked, the oom reaper will not be able to free any
substantial amount of memory. It sets MMF_OOM_SKIP before the victim can
unmap and free its memory in exit_mmap() and subsequent oom victims are
chosen unnecessarily. This is trivial to reproduce if all eligible
processes on the system have mlocked their memory: the oom killer calls
panic() even though forward progress can be made.

This is the same issue where the exit path sets MMF_OOM_SKIP before
unmapping memory and additional processes can be chosen unnecessarily
because the oom killer is racing with exit_mmap() and is separate from
the oom reaper setting MMF_OOM_SKIP prematurely.

We can't simply defer setting MMF_OOM_SKIP, however, because if there is
a true oom livelock in progress, it never gets set and no additional
killing is possible.

To fix this, this patch introduces a per-mm reaping period, which is
configurable through the new oom_free_timeout_ms file in debugfs and
defaults to one second to match the current heuristics. This support
requires that the oom reaper's list becomes a proper linked list so that
other mm's may be reaped while waiting for an mm's timeout to expire.

This replaces the current timeouts in the oom reaper: (1) when trying to
grab mm->mmap_sem 10 times in a row with HZ/10 sleeps in between and (2)
a HZ sleep if there are blockable mmu notifiers. It extends it with
timeout to allow an oom victim to reach exit_mmap() before choosing
additional processes unnecessarily.

The exit path will now set MMF_OOM_SKIP only after all memory has been
freed, so additional oom killing is justified, and rely on MMF_UNSTABLE to
determine when it can race with the oom reaper.

The oom reaper will now set MMF_OOM_SKIP only after the reap timeout has
lapsed because it can no longer guarantee forward progress. Since the
default oom_free_timeout_ms is one second, the same as current heuristics,
there should be no functional change with this patch for users who do not
tune it to be longer other than MMF_OOM_SKIP is set by exit_mmap() after
free_pgtables(), which is the preferred behavior.

The reaping timeout can intentionally be set for a substantial amount of
time, such as 10s, since oom livelock is a very rare occurrence and it's
better to optimize for preventing additional (unnecessary) oom killing
than a scenario that is much more unlikely.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
---
v5:
- rebased to linux-next
- reworked serialization in exit_mmap() to no longer rely on
MMF_UNSTABLE

include/linux/mm_types.h | 7 ++
include/linux/sched.h | 3 +-
kernel/fork.c | 3 +
mm/mmap.c | 27 ++++----
mm/oom_kill.c | 139 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
5 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -451,6 +451,13 @@ struct mm_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER
struct mmu_notifier_mm *mmu_notifier_mm;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
+ /*
+ * When to give up on memory freeing from this mm after its
+ * threads have been oom killed, in jiffies.
+ */
+ unsigned long oom_free_expire;
+#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS
pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page_table_lock */
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1175,7 +1175,8 @@ struct task_struct {
#endif
int pagefault_disabled;
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
- struct task_struct *oom_reaper_list;
+ /* OOM victim queue for oom reaper, protected by oom_reaper_lock */
+ struct list_head oom_reap_list;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area;
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -868,6 +868,9 @@ static struct task_struct *dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *orig, int node)
#ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION
tsk->fail_nth = 0;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->oom_reap_list);
+#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
tsk->active_memcg = NULL;
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -3050,32 +3050,30 @@ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
struct mmu_gather tlb;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned long nr_accounted = 0;
+ const bool oom_victim = mm_is_oom_victim(mm);

/* mm's last user has gone, and its about to be pulled down */
mmu_notifier_release(mm);

- if (unlikely(mm_is_oom_victim(mm))) {
+ if (unlikely(oom_victim)) {
/*
* Manually reap the mm to free as much memory as possible.
- * Then, as the oom reaper does, set MMF_OOM_SKIP to disregard
- * this mm from further consideration. Taking mm->mmap_sem for
- * write after setting MMF_OOM_SKIP will guarantee that the oom
- * reaper will not run on this mm again after mmap_sem is
- * dropped.
- *
* Nothing can be holding mm->mmap_sem here and the above call
* to mmu_notifier_release(mm) ensures mmu notifier callbacks in
* __oom_reap_task_mm() will not block.
- *
- * This needs to be done before calling munlock_vma_pages_all(),
- * which clears VM_LOCKED, otherwise the oom reaper cannot
- * reliably test it.
*/
(void)__oom_reap_task_mm(mm);

- set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags);
+ /*
+ * Now, take mm->mmap_sem for write to avoid racing with the oom
+ * reaper. This needs to be done before munlock_vma_pages_all(),
+ * which clears VM_LOCKED, otherwise the oom reaper cannot
+ * reliably test for it. If the oom reaper races with
+ * munlock_vma_pages_all(), this can result in a kernel oops if
+ * a pmd is zapped, for example, after follow_page_mask() has
+ * checked pmd_none().
+ */
down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
- up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
}

if (mm->locked_vm) {
@@ -3101,6 +3099,9 @@ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, 0, -1);
free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, FIRST_USER_ADDRESS, USER_PGTABLES_CEILING);
tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, 0, -1);
+ if (unlikely(oom_victim))
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags);

/*
* Walk the list again, actually closing and freeing it,
diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
--- a/mm/oom_kill.c
+++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>

#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include "internal.h"
@@ -492,7 +493,7 @@ bool process_shares_mm(struct task_struct *p, struct mm_struct *mm)
*/
static struct task_struct *oom_reaper_th;
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(oom_reaper_wait);
-static struct task_struct *oom_reaper_list;
+static LIST_HEAD(oom_reaper_list);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(oom_reaper_lock);

bool __oom_reap_task_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
@@ -542,18 +543,18 @@ bool __oom_reap_task_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
}

/*
- * Reaps the address space of the give task.
+ * Reaps the address space of the given mm.
*
- * Returns true on success and false if none or part of the address space
- * has been reclaimed and the caller should retry later.
+ * The tsk may be enqueued to be reaped again unless MMF_OOM_SKIP has been set
+ * in exit_mmap() before oom_free_timeout_ms expires.
*/
-static bool oom_reap_task_mm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
+static void oom_reap_task_mm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
- bool ret = true;
+ bool ret;

if (!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
trace_skip_task_reaping(tsk->pid);
- return false;
+ return;
}

/*
@@ -564,57 +565,65 @@ static bool oom_reap_task_mm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
*/
if (test_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags)) {
trace_skip_task_reaping(tsk->pid);
- goto out_unlock;
+ goto out;
}

trace_start_task_reaping(tsk->pid);
-
- /* failed to reap part of the address space. Try again later */
ret = __oom_reap_task_mm(mm);
- if (!ret)
- goto out_finish;
-
- pr_info("oom_reaper: reaped process %d (%s), now anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB\n",
+ if (ret) {
+ trace_finish_task_reaping(tsk->pid);
+ pr_info("oom_reaper: reaped process %d (%s), now anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB\n",
task_pid_nr(tsk), tsk->comm,
K(get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES)),
K(get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES)),
K(get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES)));
-out_finish:
- trace_finish_task_reaping(tsk->pid);
-out_unlock:
+ } else {
+ /* Failed to reap part of the address space, try again later */
+ trace_skip_task_reaping(tsk->pid);
+ }
+out:
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-
- return ret;
}

-#define MAX_OOM_REAP_RETRIES 10
static void oom_reap_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
- int attempts = 0;
struct mm_struct *mm = tsk->signal->oom_mm;

- /* Retry the down_read_trylock(mmap_sem) a few times */
- while (attempts++ < MAX_OOM_REAP_RETRIES && !oom_reap_task_mm(tsk, mm))
- schedule_timeout_idle(HZ/10);
+ /*
+ * If this mm has either been fully unmapped, or the oom reaper has
+ * given up on it, nothing left to do except drop the refcount.
+ */
+ if (test_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags))
+ goto drop;

- if (attempts <= MAX_OOM_REAP_RETRIES ||
- test_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags))
- goto done;
+ oom_reap_task_mm(tsk, mm);

- pr_info("oom_reaper: unable to reap pid:%d (%s)\n",
- task_pid_nr(tsk), tsk->comm);
- debug_show_all_locks();
+ if (time_after_eq(jiffies, mm->oom_free_expire) &&
+ !test_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags)) {
+ pr_info("oom_reaper: unable to reap pid:%d (%s)\n",
+ task_pid_nr(tsk), tsk->comm);
+ debug_show_all_locks();

-done:
- tsk->oom_reaper_list = NULL;
+ /*
+ * Reaping has failed for the timeout period, so give up and
+ * allow additional processes to be oom killed.
+ */
+ set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags);
+ }

- /*
- * Hide this mm from OOM killer because it has been either reaped or
- * somebody can't call up_write(mmap_sem).
- */
- set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags);
+ if (test_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags))
+ goto drop;
+
+ /* Enqueue to be reaped again */
+ spin_lock(&oom_reaper_lock);
+ list_add_tail(&tsk->oom_reap_list, &oom_reaper_list);
+ spin_unlock(&oom_reaper_lock);
+
+ schedule_timeout_idle(HZ/10);
+ return;

- /* Drop a reference taken by wake_oom_reaper */
+drop:
+ /* Drop the reference taken by wake_oom_reaper */
put_task_struct(tsk);
}

@@ -623,11 +632,13 @@ static int oom_reaper(void *unused)
while (true) {
struct task_struct *tsk = NULL;

- wait_event_freezable(oom_reaper_wait, oom_reaper_list != NULL);
+ wait_event_freezable(oom_reaper_wait,
+ !list_empty(&oom_reaper_list));
spin_lock(&oom_reaper_lock);
- if (oom_reaper_list != NULL) {
- tsk = oom_reaper_list;
- oom_reaper_list = tsk->oom_reaper_list;
+ if (!list_empty(&oom_reaper_list)) {
+ tsk = list_entry(oom_reaper_list.next,
+ struct task_struct, oom_reap_list);
+ list_del(&tsk->oom_reap_list);
}
spin_unlock(&oom_reaper_lock);

@@ -638,25 +649,61 @@ static int oom_reaper(void *unused)
return 0;
}

+/*
+ * Millisecs to wait for an oom mm to free memory before selecting another
+ * victim.
+ */
+static u64 oom_free_timeout_ms = 1000;
static void wake_oom_reaper(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
- /* tsk is already queued? */
- if (tsk == oom_reaper_list || tsk->oom_reaper_list)
+ unsigned long expire = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(oom_free_timeout_ms);
+
+ if (unlikely(!expire))
+ expire++;
+
+ /*
+ * Set the reap timeout; if it's already set, the mm is enqueued and
+ * this tsk can be ignored.
+ */
+ if (cmpxchg(&tsk->signal->oom_mm->oom_free_expire, 0UL, expire))
return;

get_task_struct(tsk);

spin_lock(&oom_reaper_lock);
- tsk->oom_reaper_list = oom_reaper_list;
- oom_reaper_list = tsk;
+ list_add(&tsk->oom_reap_list, &oom_reaper_list);
spin_unlock(&oom_reaper_lock);
trace_wake_reaper(tsk->pid);
wake_up(&oom_reaper_wait);
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
+static int oom_free_timeout_ms_read(void *data, u64 *val)
+{
+ *val = oom_free_timeout_ms;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int oom_free_timeout_ms_write(void *data, u64 val)
+{
+ if (val > 60 * 1000)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ oom_free_timeout_ms = val;
+ return 0;
+}
+DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(oom_free_timeout_ms_fops, oom_free_timeout_ms_read,
+ oom_free_timeout_ms_write, "%llu\n");
+#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
+
static int __init oom_init(void)
{
oom_reaper_th = kthread_run(oom_reaper, NULL, "oom_reaper");
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
+ if (!IS_ERR(oom_reaper_th))
+ debugfs_create_file("oom_free_timeout_ms", 0200, NULL, NULL,
+ &oom_free_timeout_ms_fops);
+#endif
return 0;
}
subsys_initcall(oom_init)
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-07-24 23:44    [W:0.279 / U:0.396 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site