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SubjectRe: [RFC v5 PATCH 2/2] mm: mmap: zap pages with read mmap_sem in munmap
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On 7/24/18 10:18 AM, Laurent Dufour wrote:
> On 19/07/2018 01:21, Yang Shi wrote:
>> When running some mmap/munmap scalability tests with large memory (i.e.
>>> 300GB), the below hung task issue may happen occasionally.
>> INFO: task ps:14018 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
>> Tainted: G E 4.9.79-009.ali3000.alios7.x86_64 #1
>> "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this
>> message.
>> ps D 0 14018 1 0x00000004
>> ffff885582f84000 ffff885e8682f000 ffff880972943000 ffff885ebf499bc0
>> ffff8828ee120000 ffffc900349bfca8 ffffffff817154d0 0000000000000040
>> 00ffffff812f872a ffff885ebf499bc0 024000d000948300 ffff880972943000
>> Call Trace:
>> [<ffffffff817154d0>] ? __schedule+0x250/0x730
>> [<ffffffff817159e6>] schedule+0x36/0x80
>> [<ffffffff81718560>] rwsem_down_read_failed+0xf0/0x150
>> [<ffffffff81390a28>] call_rwsem_down_read_failed+0x18/0x30
>> [<ffffffff81717db0>] down_read+0x20/0x40
>> [<ffffffff812b9439>] proc_pid_cmdline_read+0xd9/0x4e0
>> [<ffffffff81253c95>] ? do_filp_open+0xa5/0x100
>> [<ffffffff81241d87>] __vfs_read+0x37/0x150
>> [<ffffffff812f824b>] ? security_file_permission+0x9b/0xc0
>> [<ffffffff81242266>] vfs_read+0x96/0x130
>> [<ffffffff812437b5>] SyS_read+0x55/0xc0
>> [<ffffffff8171a6da>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1a/0xc5
>>
>> It is because munmap holds mmap_sem exclusively from very beginning to
>> all the way down to the end, and doesn't release it in the middle. When
>> unmapping large mapping, it may take long time (take ~18 seconds to
>> unmap 320GB mapping with every single page mapped on an idle machine).
>>
>> Zapping pages is the most time consuming part, according to the
>> suggestion from Michal Hocko [1], zapping pages can be done with holding
>> read mmap_sem, like what MADV_DONTNEED does. Then re-acquire write
>> mmap_sem to cleanup vmas.
>>
>> But, some part may need write mmap_sem, for example, vma splitting. So,
>> the design is as follows:
>> acquire write mmap_sem
>> lookup vmas (find and split vmas)
>> detach vmas
>> deal with special mappings
>> downgrade_write
>>
>> zap pages
>> free page tables
>> release mmap_sem
>>
>> The vm events with read mmap_sem may come in during page zapping, but
>> since vmas have been detached before, they, i.e. page fault, gup, etc,
>> will not be able to find valid vma, then just return SIGSEGV or -EFAULT
>> as expected.
>>
>> If the vma has VM_LOCKED | VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP or uprobe, they are
>> considered as special mappings. They will be dealt with before zapping
>> pages with write mmap_sem held. Basically, just update vm_flags.
>>
>> And, since they are also manipulated by unmap_single_vma() which is
>> called by unmap_vma() with read mmap_sem held in this case, to
>> prevent from updating vm_flags in read critical section, a new
>> parameter, called "skip_flags" is added to unmap_region(), unmap_vmas()
>> and unmap_single_vma(). If it is true, then just skip unmap those
>> special mappings. Currently, the only place which pass true to this
>> parameter is us.
>>
>> With this approach we don't have to re-acquire mmap_sem again to clean
>> up vmas to avoid race window which might get the address space changed.
>>
>> And, since the lock acquire/release cost is managed to the minimum and
>> almost as same as before, the optimization could be extended to any size
>> of mapping without incuring significan penalty to small mappings.
> ^ ^
> incurring significant

Thanks for catching the typo.

>> For the time being, just do this in munmap syscall path. Other
>> vm_munmap() or do_munmap() call sites (i.e mmap, mremap, etc) remain
>> intact for stability reason.
>>
>> With the patches, exclusive mmap_sem hold time when munmap a 80GB
>> address space on a machine with 32 cores of E5-2680 @ 2.70GHz dropped to
>> us level from second.
>>
>> munmap_test-15002 [008] 594.380138: funcgraph_entry: | vm_munmap_zap_rlock() {
>> munmap_test-15002 [008] 594.380146: funcgraph_entry: !2485684 us | unmap_region();
>> munmap_test-15002 [008] 596.865836: funcgraph_exit: !2485692 us | }
>>
>> Here the excution time of unmap_region() is used to evaluate the time of
>> holding read mmap_sem, then the remaining time is used with holding
>> exclusive lock.
>>
>> [1] https://lwn.net/Articles/753269/
>>
>> Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
>> Suggested-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
>> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
>> Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
>> ---
>> include/linux/mm.h | 2 +-
>> mm/memory.c | 35 +++++++++++++------
>> mm/mmap.c | 99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>> 3 files changed, 117 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
>> index a0fbb9f..95a4e97 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
>> @@ -1321,7 +1321,7 @@ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
>> void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
>> unsigned long size);
>> void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma,
>> - unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
>> + unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool skip_flags);
>>
>> /**
>> * mm_walk - callbacks for walk_page_range
>> diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
>> index 7206a63..00ecdae 100644
>> --- a/mm/memory.c
>> +++ b/mm/memory.c
>> @@ -1514,7 +1514,7 @@ void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
>> static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
>> struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr,
>> unsigned long end_addr,
>> - struct zap_details *details)
>> + struct zap_details *details, bool skip_flags)
>> {
>> unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr);
>> unsigned long end;
>> @@ -1525,11 +1525,13 @@ static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
>> if (end <= vma->vm_start)
>> return;
>>
>> - if (vma->vm_file)
>> - uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end);
>> + if (!skip_flags) {
>> + if (vma->vm_file)
>> + uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end);
>>
>> - if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP))
>> - untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0);
>> + if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP))
>> + untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0);
>> + }
> I think a comment would be welcomed here to detail why it is safe to not call
> uprobe_munmap() and untrack_pfn() here i.e this has already been done in
> do_munmap_zap_rlock().

OK

>
>> if (start != end) {
>> if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) {
>> @@ -1546,7 +1548,19 @@ static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
>> */
>> if (vma->vm_file) {
>> i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
>> - __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL);
>> + if (!skip_flags)
>> + /*
>> + * The vma is being unmapped with read
>> + * mmap_sem.
>> + * Can't update vm_flags, it will be
>> + * updated later with exclusive lock
>> + * held
>> + */
>> + __unmap_hugepage_range(tlb, vma, start,
>> + end, NULL);
>> + else
>> + __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma,
>> + start, end, NULL);
>> i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
>> }
>> } else
>> @@ -1574,13 +1588,14 @@ static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
>> */
>> void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
>> struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr,
>> - unsigned long end_addr)
>> + unsigned long end_addr, bool skip_flags)
>> {
>> struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
>>
>> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, start_addr, end_addr);
>> for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next)
>> - unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL);
>> + unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL,
>> + skip_flags);
>> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, start_addr, end_addr);
>> }
>>
>> @@ -1604,7 +1619,7 @@ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
>> update_hiwater_rss(mm);
>> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, start, end);
>> for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end; vma = vma->vm_next) {
>> - unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, end, NULL);
>> + unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, end, NULL, false);
>>
>> /*
>> * zap_page_range does not specify whether mmap_sem should be
>> @@ -1641,7 +1656,7 @@ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr
>> tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, address, end);
>> update_hiwater_rss(mm);
>> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, address, end);
>> - unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, end, details);
>> + unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, end, details, false);
>> mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, address, end);
>> tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, end);
>> }
>> diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
>> index 2504094..f5d5312 100644
>> --- a/mm/mmap.c
>> +++ b/mm/mmap.c
>> @@ -73,7 +73,7 @@
>>
>> static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm,
>> struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev,
>> - unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
>> + unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool skip_flags);
>>
>> /* description of effects of mapping type and prot in current implementation.
>> * this is due to the limited x86 page protection hardware. The expected
>> @@ -1824,7 +1824,7 @@ unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
>> fput(file);
>>
>> /* Undo any partial mapping done by a device driver. */
>> - unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
>> + unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, false);
>> charged = 0;
>> if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
>> mapping_unmap_writable(file->f_mapping);
>> @@ -2559,7 +2559,7 @@ static void remove_vma_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> */
>> static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm,
>> struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev,
>> - unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
>> + unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool skip_flags)
>> {
>> struct vm_area_struct *next = prev ? prev->vm_next : mm->mmap;
>> struct mmu_gather tlb;
>> @@ -2567,7 +2567,7 @@ static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm,
>> lru_add_drain();
>> tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, start, end);
>> update_hiwater_rss(mm);
>> - unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, start, end);
>> + unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, start, end, skip_flags);
>> free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, prev ? prev->vm_end : FIRST_USER_ADDRESS,
>> next ? next->vm_start : USER_PGTABLES_CEILING);
>> tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, end);
>> @@ -2778,6 +2778,79 @@ static inline void munmap_mlock_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>> }
>> }
>>
>> +/*
>> + * Zap pages with read mmap_sem held
>> + *
>> + * uf is the list for userfaultfd
>> + */
>> +static int do_munmap_zap_rlock(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
>> + size_t len, struct list_head *uf)
>> +{
>> + unsigned long end = 0;
>> + struct vm_area_struct *start_vma = NULL, *prev, *vma;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> +
>> + if (!munmap_addr_sanity(start, len))
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + len = PAGE_ALIGN(len);
>> +
>> + end = start + len;
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * need write mmap_sem to split vmas and detach vmas
>> + * splitting vma up-front to save PITA to clean if it is failed
>> + */
>> + if (down_write_killable(&mm->mmap_sem))
>> + return -EINTR;
>> +
>> + ret = munmap_lookup_vma(mm, &start_vma, &prev, start, end);
>> + if (ret != 1)
>> + goto out;
>> +
>> + if (unlikely(uf)) {
>> + ret = userfaultfd_unmap_prep(start_vma, start, end, uf);
>> + if (ret)
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* Handle mlocked vmas */
>> + if (mm->locked_vm)
>> + munmap_mlock_vma(start_vma, end);
>> +
>> + /* Detach vmas from rbtree */
>> + detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(mm, start_vma, prev, end);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Clear uprobe, VM_PFNMAP and hugetlb mapping in advance since they
>> + * need update vm_flags with write mmap_sem
>> + */
>> + vma = start_vma;
>> + for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end; vma = vma->vm_next) {
>> + if (vma->vm_file)
>> + uprobe_munmap(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
>> + if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP))
>> + untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0);130680130680
>> + if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
>> + vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_MAYSHARE;
>> + }
>> +
>> + downgrade_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
>> +
>> + /* zap mappings with read mmap_sem */
>> + unmap_region(mm, start_vma, prev, start, end, true);
>> +
>> + arch_unmap(mm, start_vma, start, end);
>> + remove_vma_list(mm, start_vma);
>> + up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> +out:
>> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> /* Munmap is split into 2 main parts -- this part which finds
>> * what needs doing, and the areas themselves, which do the
>> * work. This now handles partial unmappings.
>> @@ -2826,7 +2899,7 @@ int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len,
>> * Remove the vma's, and unmap the actual pages
>> */
>> detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(mm, vma, prev, end);
>> - unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, start, end);
>> + unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, start, end, false);
>>
>> arch_unmap(mm, vma, start, end);
>>
>> @@ -2836,6 +2909,17 @@ int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len,
>> return 0;
>> }
>>
>> +static int vm_munmap_zap_rlock(unsigned long start, size_t len)
>> +{
>> + int ret;
>> + struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
>> + LIST_HEAD(uf);
>> +
>> + ret = do_munmap_zap_rlock(mm, start, len, &uf);
>> + userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf);
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> int vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len)
>> {
>> int ret;
> A stupid question, since the overhead of vm_munmap_zap_rlock() compared to
> vm_munmap() is not significant, why not putting that in vm_munmap() instead of
> introducing a new vm_munmap_zap_rlock() ?

Since vm_munmap() is called in other paths too, i.e. drm driver, kvm,
etc. I'm not quite sure if those paths are safe enough to this
optimization. And, it looks they are not the main sources of the
latency, so here I introduced vm_munmap_zap_rlock() for munmap() only.

If someone reports or we see they are the sources of latency too, and
the optimization is proved safe to them, we can definitely extend this
to all vm_munmap() calls

Thanks,
Yang

>
>> @@ -2855,10 +2939,9 @@ int vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len)
>> SYSCALL_DEFINE2(munmap, unsigned long, addr, size_t, len)
>> {
>> profile_munmap(addr);
>> - return vm_munmap(addr, len);
>> + return vm_munmap_zap_rlock(addr, len);
>> }
>>
>> -
>> /*
>> * Emulation of deprecated remap_file_pages() syscall.
>> */
>> @@ -3146,7 +3229,7 @@ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
>> tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, 0, -1);
>> /* update_hiwater_rss(mm) here? but nobody should be looking */
>> /* Use -1 here to ensure all VMAs in the mm are unmapped */
>> - unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, 0, -1);
>> + unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, 0, -1, false);
>> free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, FIRST_USER_ADDRESS, USER_PGTABLES_CEILING);
>> tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, 0, -1);
>>

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