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Subject[PATCHv3 3/3] mm: Fix vma_is_anonymous() false-positives
Date
vma_is_anonymous() relies on ->vm_ops being NULL to detect anonymous
VMA. This is unreliable as ->mmap may not set ->vm_ops.

False-positive vma_is_anonymous() may lead to crashes:

next ffff8801ce5e7040 prev ffff8801d20eca50 mm ffff88019c1e13c0
prot 27 anon_vma ffff88019680cdd8 vm_ops 0000000000000000
pgoff 0 file ffff8801b2ec2d00 private_data 0000000000000000
flags: 0xff(read|write|exec|shared|mayread|maywrite|mayexec|mayshare)
------------[ cut here ]------------
kernel BUG at mm/memory.c:1422!
invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP KASAN
CPU: 0 PID: 18486 Comm: syz-executor3 Not tainted 4.18.0-rc3+ #136
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google
01/01/2011
RIP: 0010:zap_pmd_range mm/memory.c:1421 [inline]
RIP: 0010:zap_pud_range mm/memory.c:1466 [inline]
RIP: 0010:zap_p4d_range mm/memory.c:1487 [inline]
RIP: 0010:unmap_page_range+0x1c18/0x2220 mm/memory.c:1508
Code: ff 31 ff 4c 89 e6 42 c6 04 33 f8 e8 92 dd d0 ff 4d 85 e4 0f 85 4a eb ff
ff e8 54 dc d0 ff 48 8b bd 10 fc ff ff e8 82 95 fe ff <0f> 0b e8 41 dc d0 ff
0f 0b 4c 89 ad 18 fc ff ff c7 85 7c fb ff ff
RSP: 0018:ffff8801b0587330 EFLAGS: 00010286
RAX: 000000000000013c RBX: 1ffff100360b0e9c RCX: ffffc90002620000
RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffffffff81631851 RDI: 0000000000000001
RBP: ffff8801b05877c8 R08: ffff880199d40300 R09: ffffed003b5c4fc0
R10: ffffed003b5c4fc0 R11: ffff8801dae27e07 R12: 0000000000000000
R13: ffff88019c1e13c0 R14: dffffc0000000000 R15: 0000000020e01000
FS: 00007fca32251700(0000) GS:ffff8801dae00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 00007f04c540d000 CR3: 00000001ac1f0000 CR4: 00000000001426f0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
Call Trace:
unmap_single_vma+0x1a0/0x310 mm/memory.c:1553
zap_page_range_single+0x3cc/0x580 mm/memory.c:1644
unmap_mapping_range_vma mm/memory.c:2792 [inline]
unmap_mapping_range_tree mm/memory.c:2813 [inline]
unmap_mapping_pages+0x3a7/0x5b0 mm/memory.c:2845
unmap_mapping_range+0x48/0x60 mm/memory.c:2880
truncate_pagecache+0x54/0x90 mm/truncate.c:800
truncate_setsize+0x70/0xb0 mm/truncate.c:826
simple_setattr+0xe9/0x110 fs/libfs.c:409
notify_change+0xf13/0x10f0 fs/attr.c:335
do_truncate+0x1ac/0x2b0 fs/open.c:63
do_sys_ftruncate+0x492/0x560 fs/open.c:205
__do_sys_ftruncate fs/open.c:215 [inline]
__se_sys_ftruncate fs/open.c:213 [inline]
__x64_sys_ftruncate+0x59/0x80 fs/open.c:213
do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

Reproducer:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

#define KCOV_INIT_TRACE _IOR('c', 1, unsigned long)
#define KCOV_ENABLE _IO('c', 100)
#define KCOV_DISABLE _IO('c', 101)
#define COVER_SIZE (1024<<10)

#define KCOV_TRACE_PC 0
#define KCOV_TRACE_CMP 1

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int fd;
unsigned long *cover;

system("mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug");
fd = open("/sys/kernel/debug/kcov", O_RDWR);
ioctl(fd, KCOV_INIT_TRACE, COVER_SIZE);
cover = mmap(NULL, COVER_SIZE * sizeof(unsigned long),
PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
munmap(cover, COVER_SIZE * sizeof(unsigned long));
cover = mmap(NULL, COVER_SIZE * sizeof(unsigned long),
PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
memset(cover, 0, COVER_SIZE * sizeof(unsigned long));
ftruncate(fd, 3UL << 20);
return 0;
}

This can be fixed by assigning anonymous VMAs own vm_ops and not relying
on it being NULL.

If ->mmap() failed to set ->vm_ops, mmap_region() will set it to
dummy_vm_ops. This way we will have non-NULL ->vm_ops for all VMAs.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reported-by: syzbot+3f84280d52be9b7083cc@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
---
drivers/char/mem.c | 1 +
fs/exec.c | 1 +
include/linux/mm.h | 8 ++++++++
mm/mmap.c | 3 +++
mm/nommu.c | 2 ++
5 files changed, 15 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/char/mem.c b/drivers/char/mem.c
index ffeb60d3434c..df66a9dd0aae 100644
--- a/drivers/char/mem.c
+++ b/drivers/char/mem.c
@@ -708,6 +708,7 @@ static int mmap_zero(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
#endif
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
return shmem_zero_setup(vma);
+ vma_set_anonymous(vma);
return 0;
}

diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
index 72e961a62adb..bdd0eacefdf5 100644
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -293,6 +293,7 @@ static int __bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
bprm->vma = vma = vm_area_alloc(mm);
if (!vma)
return -ENOMEM;
+ vma_set_anonymous(vma);

if (down_write_killable(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
err = -EINTR;
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 31540f166987..7ba6d356d18f 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -454,10 +454,18 @@ struct vm_operations_struct {

static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
+ static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {};
+
vma->vm_mm = mm;
+ vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain);
}

+static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ vma->vm_ops = NULL;
+}
+
struct mmu_gather;
struct inode;

diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index ff1944d8d458..17bbf4d3e24f 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -1778,6 +1778,8 @@ unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
error = shmem_zero_setup(vma);
if (error)
goto free_vma;
+ } else {
+ vma_set_anonymous(vma);
}

vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent);
@@ -2983,6 +2985,7 @@ static int do_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long fla
return -ENOMEM;
}

+ vma_set_anonymous(vma);
vma->vm_start = addr;
vma->vm_end = addr + len;
vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff;
diff --git a/mm/nommu.c b/mm/nommu.c
index 1d22fdbf7d7c..9fc9e43335b6 100644
--- a/mm/nommu.c
+++ b/mm/nommu.c
@@ -1145,6 +1145,8 @@ static int do_mmap_private(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
if (ret < len)
memset(base + ret, 0, len - ret);

+ } else {
+ vma_set_anonymous(vma);
}

return 0;
--
2.18.0
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