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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/10] mm: workingset: tell cache transitions from workingset thrashing
On Thu, Jul 12, 2018 at 7:29 PM, Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> wrote:
> How many page->flags does this leave us with on 32-bit?
>
> 20 bits are always page flags
>
> 21 if you have an MMU
>
> 23 with the zone bits for DMA, Normal, HighMem, Movable
>
> 29 with the sparsemem section bits
>
> 30 if PAE is enabled
>
> 31 with this patch.
>
> So on 32-bit PAE, that leaves 1 bit for distinguishing two NUMA
> nodes. If that's not enough, the system can switch to discontigmem and
> re-gain the 6 or 7 sparsemem section bits.
>
> Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>

It seems we ran out of bits on arm64 in randconfig builds:

In file included from /git/arm-soc/include/linux/kernel.h:10,
from /git/arm-soc/arch/arm64/mm/init.c:20:
/git/arm-soc/arch/arm64/mm/init.c: In function 'mem_init':
/git/arm-soc/include/linux/compiler.h:357:38: error: call to
'__compiletime_assert_618' declared with attribute error: BUILD_BUG_ON
failed: sizeof(struct page) > (1 << STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT)
_compiletime_assert(condition, msg, __compiletime_assert_, __LINE__)
^
/git/arm-soc/include/linux/compiler.h:337:4: note: in definition of
macro '__compiletime_assert'
prefix ## suffix(); \
^~~~~~
/git/arm-soc/include/linux/compiler.h:357:2: note: in expansion of
macro '_compiletime_assert'
_compiletime_assert(condition, msg, __compiletime_assert_, __LINE__)
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/git/arm-soc/include/linux/build_bug.h:45:37: note: in expansion of
macro 'compiletime_assert'
#define BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(cond, msg) compiletime_assert(!(cond), msg)
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/git/arm-soc/include/linux/build_bug.h:69:2: note: in expansion of
macro 'BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG'
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(condition, "BUILD_BUG_ON failed: " #condition)
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/git/arm-soc/arch/arm64/mm/init.c:618:2: note: in expansion of macro
'BUILD_BUG_ON'
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > (1 << STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT));
^~~~~~~~~~~~
/git/arm-soc/scripts/Makefile.build:317: recipe for target
'arch/arm64/mm/init.o' failed

Apparently this triggered

#if SECTIONS_WIDTH+ZONES_WIDTH+NODES_SHIFT+LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT <=
BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
#define LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT
#else
#define LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH 0
#endif

and in turn

#if defined(CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING) && LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH == 0
#define LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS
#endif

and that _last_cpupid in struct page made sizeof(struct page) larger than 64.

This is for a randconfig build, see https://pastebin.com/YuwSTah3
for the configuration file, some of the relevant options are

CONFIG_64BIT=y
CONFIG_MEMCG=y
CONFIG_SPARSEMEM=y
CONFIG_ARM64_PA_BITS=52
CONFIG_ARM64_64K_PAGES=y
CONFIG_NR_CPUS=64
CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING=y
# CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP is not set
CONFIG_NODES_SHIFT=2
# CONFIG_ARCH_USES_PG_UNCACHED is not set
CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE=y
CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING=y

#define MAX_NR_ZONES 3
#define ZONES_SHIFT 2
#define MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS 52
#define SECTION_SIZE_BITS 30
#define SECTIONS_WIDTH 22
#define ZONES_WIDTH 2
#define NODES_SHIFT 2
#define LAST__PID_SHIFT 8
#define NR_CPUS_BITS 6
#define LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT 14
#define NR_PAGEFLAGS 25

With the extra page flag, the sum of SECTIONS_WIDTH, NODES_SHIFT, ZONES_WIDTH,
LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT, and NR_PAGEFLAGS is now 65. Before this change, I could
not trigger that error in randconfig builds. However, setting CONFIG_NR_CPUS or
CONFIG_NODES_SHIFT higher than the defaults would trigger it as well (randconfig
does not randomize those options).

Arnd

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