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SubjectRe: [RFC 0/4] Virtio uses DMA API for all devices
On Mon, Jul 23, 2018 at 11:58:23AM +0530, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
> On 07/20/2018 06:46 PM, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Fri, Jul 20, 2018 at 09:29:37AM +0530, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
> >> This patch series is the follow up on the discussions we had before about
> >> the RFC titled [RFC,V2] virtio: Add platform specific DMA API translation
> >> for virito devices (https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10417371/). There
> >> were suggestions about doing away with two different paths of transactions
> >> with the host/QEMU, first being the direct GPA and the other being the DMA
> >> API based translations.
> >>
> >> First patch attempts to create a direct GPA mapping based DMA operations
> >> structure called 'virtio_direct_dma_ops' with exact same implementation
> >> of the direct GPA path which virtio core currently has but just wrapped in
> >> a DMA API format. Virtio core must use 'virtio_direct_dma_ops' instead of
> >> the arch default in absence of VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM flag to preserve the
> >> existing semantics. The second patch does exactly that inside the function
> >> virtio_finalize_features(). The third patch removes the default direct GPA
> >> path from virtio core forcing it to use DMA API callbacks for all devices.
> >> Now with that change, every device must have a DMA operations structure
> >> associated with it. The fourth patch adds an additional hook which gives
> >> the platform an opportunity to do yet another override if required. This
> >> platform hook can be used on POWER Ultravisor based protected guests to
> >> load up SWIOTLB DMA callbacks to do the required (as discussed previously
> >> in the above mentioned thread how host is allowed to access only parts of
> >> the guest GPA range) bounce buffering into the shared memory for all I/O
> >> scatter gather buffers to be consumed on the host side.
> >>
> >> Please go through these patches and review whether this approach broadly
> >> makes sense. I will appreciate suggestions, inputs, comments regarding
> >> the patches or the approach in general. Thank you.
> > I like how patches 1-3 look. Could you test performance
> > with/without to see whether the extra indirection through
> > use of DMA ops causes a measurable slow-down?
>
> I ran this simple DD command 10 times where /dev/vda is a virtio block
> device of 10GB size.
>
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/vda bs=8M count=1024 oflag=direct
>
> With and without patches bandwidth which has a bit wide range does not
> look that different from each other.
>
> Without patches
> ===============
>
> ---------- 1 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 1.95557 s, 4.4 GB/s
> ---------- 2 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 2.05176 s, 4.2 GB/s
> ---------- 3 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 1.88314 s, 4.6 GB/s
> ---------- 4 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 1.84899 s, 4.6 GB/s
> ---------- 5 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 5.37184 s, 1.6 GB/s
> ---------- 6 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 1.9205 s, 4.5 GB/s
> ---------- 7 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 6.85166 s, 1.3 GB/s
> ---------- 8 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 1.74049 s, 4.9 GB/s
> ---------- 9 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 6.31699 s, 1.4 GB/s
> ---------- 10 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 2.47057 s, 3.5 GB/s
>
>
> With patches
> ============
>
> ---------- 1 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 2.25993 s, 3.8 GB/s
> ---------- 2 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 1.82438 s, 4.7 GB/s
> ---------- 3 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 1.93856 s, 4.4 GB/s
> ---------- 4 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 1.83405 s, 4.7 GB/s
> ---------- 5 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 7.50199 s, 1.1 GB/s
> ---------- 6 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 2.28742 s, 3.8 GB/s
> ---------- 7 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 5.74958 s, 1.5 GB/s
> ---------- 8 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 1.99149 s, 4.3 GB/s
> ---------- 9 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 5.67647 s, 1.5 GB/s
> ---------- 10 ---------
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 8589934592 bytes (8.6 GB, 8.0 GiB) copied, 2.93957 s, 2.9 GB/s
>
> Does this look okay ?

You want to test IOPS with lots of small writes and using
raw ramdisk on host.

--
MST

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