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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 12/12] sched/core: uclamp: use percentage clamp values
On Mon, Jul 16, 2018 at 1:29 AM, Patrick Bellasi
<patrick.bellasi@arm.com> wrote:
> The utilization is a well defined property of tasks and CPUs with an
> in-kernel representation based on power-of-two values.
> The current representation, in the [0..SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE] range,
> allows efficient computations in hot-paths and a sufficient fixed point
> arithmetic precision.
> However, the utilization values range is still an implementation detail
> which is also possibly subject to changes in the future.
>
> Since we don't want to commit new user-space APIs to any in-kernel
> implementation detail, let's add an abstraction layer on top of the APIs
> used by util_clamp, i.e. sched_{set,get}attr syscalls and the cgroup's
> cpu.util_{min,max} attributes.
>
> We do that by adding a couple of conversion function which can be used

couple of conversion functions

> to conveniently transform utilization/capacity values from/to the internal
> SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE representation to/from a more generic percentage
> in the standard [0..100] range.
>
> Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
> Cc: Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com>
> Cc: Joel Fernandes <joelaf@google.com>
> Cc: Steve Muckle <smuckle@google.com>
> Cc: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@redhat.com>
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
> ---
> Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst | 6 +++---
> include/linux/sched.h | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
> include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h | 14 ++++++++------
> kernel/sched/core.c | 18 ++++++++++++------
> 4 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst
> index 328c011cc105..08b8062e55cd 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst
> @@ -973,7 +973,7 @@ All time durations are in microseconds.
> A read-write single value file which exists on non-root cgroups.
> The default is "0", i.e. no bandwidth boosting.
>
> - The minimum utilization in the range [0, 1023].
> + The minimum percentage of utilization in the range [0, 100].
>
> This interface allows reading and setting minimum utilization clamp
> values similar to the sched_setattr(2). This minimum utilization
> @@ -981,9 +981,9 @@ All time durations are in microseconds.
>
> cpu.util_max
> A read-write single value file which exists on non-root cgroups.
> - The default is "1023". i.e. no bandwidth clamping
> + The default is "100". i.e. no bandwidth clamping
>
> - The maximum utilization in the range [0, 1023].
> + The maximum percentage of utilization in the range [0, 100].
>
> This interface allows reading and setting maximum utilization clamp
> values similar to the sched_setattr(2). This maximum utilization
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index 5dd76a27ec17..f5970903c187 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -321,6 +321,26 @@ struct sched_info {
> # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT 10
> # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE (1L << SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT)
>
> +static inline unsigned int scale_from_percent(unsigned int pct)
> +{
> + WARN_ON(pct > 100);
> +
> + return ((SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE * pct) / 100);
> +}
> +
> +static inline unsigned int scale_to_percent(unsigned int value)
> +{
> + unsigned int rounding = 0;
> +
> + WARN_ON(value > SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE);
> +
> + /* Compensate rounding errors for: 0, 256, 512, 768, 1024 */
> + if (likely((value & 0xFF) && ~(value & 0x700)))
> + rounding = 1;

Hmm. I don't think ~(value & 0x700) will ever yield FALSE... What am I missing?

> +
> + return (rounding + ((100 * value) / SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE));
> +}
> +
> struct load_weight {
> unsigned long weight;
> u32 inv_weight;
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h b/include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h
> index 7421cd25354d..e2c2acb1c6af 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h
> @@ -84,15 +84,17 @@ struct sched_param {
> *
> * @sched_util_min represents the minimum utilization
> * @sched_util_max represents the maximum utilization
> + * @sched_util_min represents the minimum utilization percentage
> + * @sched_util_max represents the maximum utilization percentage
> *
> - * Utilization is a value in the range [0..SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE] which
> - * represents the percentage of CPU time used by a task when running at the
> - * maximum frequency on the highest capacity CPU of the system. Thus, for
> - * example, a 20% utilization task is a task running for 2ms every 10ms.
> + * Utilization is a value in the range [0..100] which represents the
> + * percentage of CPU time used by a task when running at the maximum frequency
> + * on the highest capacity CPU of the system. Thus, for example, a 20%
> + * utilization task is a task running for 2ms every 10ms.
> *
> - * A task with a min utilization value bigger then 0 is more likely to be
> + * A task with a min utilization value bigger then 0% is more likely to be
> * scheduled on a CPU which can provide that bandwidth.
> - * A task with a max utilization value smaller then 1024 is more likely to be
> + * A task with a max utilization value smaller then 100% is more likely to be
> * scheduled on a CPU which do not provide more then the required bandwidth.
> */
> struct sched_attr {
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 42cff5ffddae..da7b8630cc8d 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -1381,7 +1381,7 @@ static inline int __setscheduler_uclamp(struct task_struct *p,
>
> if (attr->sched_util_min > attr->sched_util_max)
> return -EINVAL;
> - if (attr->sched_util_max > SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
> + if (attr->sched_util_max > 100)
> return -EINVAL;
>
> mutex_lock(&uclamp_mutex);
> @@ -1389,12 +1389,12 @@ static inline int __setscheduler_uclamp(struct task_struct *p,
> /* Update min utilization clamp */
> uc_se = &p->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN];
> retval |= uclamp_group_get(p, NULL, UCLAMP_MIN, uc_se,
> - attr->sched_util_min);
> + scale_from_percent(attr->sched_util_min));
>
> /* Update max utilization clamp */
> uc_se = &p->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX];
> retval |= uclamp_group_get(p, NULL, UCLAMP_MAX, uc_se,
> - attr->sched_util_max);
> + scale_from_percent(attr->sched_util_max));
>
> mutex_unlock(&uclamp_mutex);
>
> @@ -5493,6 +5493,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(sched_getattr, pid_t, pid, struct sched_attr __user *, uattr,
> if (task_group(p)->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX].value < attr.sched_util_max)
> attr.sched_util_max = task_group(p)->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX].value;
> #endif
> + attr.sched_util_min = scale_to_percent(attr.sched_util_min);
> + attr.sched_util_max = scale_to_percent(attr.sched_util_max);
> #endif
>
> rcu_read_unlock();
> @@ -7284,8 +7286,10 @@ static int cpu_util_min_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> struct task_group *tg;
> int ret = -EINVAL;
>
> - if (min_value > SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
> + /* Check range and scale to internal representation */
> + if (min_value > 100)
> return -ERANGE;
> + min_value = scale_from_percent(min_value);
>
> mutex_lock(&uclamp_mutex);
> rcu_read_lock();
> @@ -7316,8 +7320,10 @@ static int cpu_util_max_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> struct task_group *tg;
> int ret = -EINVAL;
>
> - if (max_value > SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
> + /* Check range and scale to internal representation */
> + if (max_value > 100)
> return -ERANGE;
> + max_value = scale_from_percent(max_value);
>
> mutex_lock(&uclamp_mutex);
> rcu_read_lock();
> @@ -7352,7 +7358,7 @@ static inline u64 cpu_uclamp_read(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> util_clamp = tg->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
> rcu_read_unlock();
>
> - return util_clamp;
> + return scale_to_percent(util_clamp);
> }
>
> static u64 cpu_util_min_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> --
> 2.17.1
>

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