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Subject[PATCH net-next] rhashtable: detect when object movement between tables might have invalidated a lookup

Some users of rhashtables might need to move an object from one table
to another - this appears to be the reason for the incomplete usage
of NULLS markers.

To support these, we store a unique NULLS_MARKER at the end of
each chain, and when a search fails to find a match, we check
if the NULLS marker found was the expected one. If not,
the search is repeated.

The unique NULLS_MARKER is derived from the address of the
head of the chain. As this cannot be derived at load-time the
static rhnull in rht_bucket_nexted() need to be initialised
at run time.

Any caller of a lookup function must be prepared for the possibility
that the object returned is in a different table - it might have been
there for some time.

Note that this does NOT provide support for other uses for
NULLS_MARKERs such as allocating with SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU or changing
the key of an object and re-inserting it in the table.
These could only be done safely if new objects were inserted
at the *start* of a hash chain, and that is not currently the case.

Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com>
---

This is a simplified version of a previous patch.
It provides NULLS_MARKER support only for the specific use case
which is currently thought be valuable to in-tree users
of rhashtables.
Thanks,
NeilBrown



include/linux/rhashtable.h | 25 +++++++++++++++++--------
lib/rhashtable.c | 3 +--
2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/rhashtable.h b/include/linux/rhashtable.h
index eb7111039247..8cc240f14834 100644
--- a/include/linux/rhashtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/rhashtable.h
@@ -75,8 +75,10 @@ struct bucket_table {
struct rhash_head __rcu *buckets[] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
};

+#define RHT_NULLS_MARKER(ptr) \
+ ((void *)NULLS_MARKER(((unsigned long) (ptr)) >> 1))
#define INIT_RHT_NULLS_HEAD(ptr) \
- ((ptr) = (typeof(ptr)) NULLS_MARKER(0))
+ ((ptr) = RHT_NULLS_MARKER(&(ptr)))

static inline bool rht_is_a_nulls(const struct rhash_head *ptr)
{
@@ -471,6 +473,7 @@ static inline struct rhash_head *__rhashtable_lookup(
.ht = ht,
.key = key,
};
+ struct rhash_head __rcu * const *head;
struct bucket_table *tbl;
struct rhash_head *he;
unsigned int hash;
@@ -478,13 +481,19 @@ static inline struct rhash_head *__rhashtable_lookup(
tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht);
restart:
hash = rht_key_hashfn(ht, tbl, key, params);
- rht_for_each_rcu(he, tbl, hash) {
- if (params.obj_cmpfn ?
- params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he)) :
- rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he)))
- continue;
- return he;
- }
+ head = rht_bucket(tbl, hash);
+ do {
+ rht_for_each_rcu_continue(he, *head, tbl, hash) {
+ if (params.obj_cmpfn ?
+ params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he)) :
+ rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he)))
+ continue;
+ return he;
+ }
+ /* An object might have been moved to a different hash chain,
+ * while we walk along it - better check and retry.
+ */
+ } while (he != RHT_NULLS_MARKER(head));

/* Ensure we see any new tables. */
smp_rmb();
diff --git a/lib/rhashtable.c b/lib/rhashtable.c
index ae4223e0f5bc..ac48f026a8c3 100644
--- a/lib/rhashtable.c
+++ b/lib/rhashtable.c
@@ -1175,8 +1175,7 @@ struct rhash_head __rcu **rht_bucket_nested(const struct bucket_table *tbl,
unsigned int hash)
{
const unsigned int shift = PAGE_SHIFT - ilog2(sizeof(void *));
- static struct rhash_head __rcu *rhnull =
- (struct rhash_head __rcu *)NULLS_MARKER(0);
+ static struct rhash_head __rcu *rhnull = RHT_NULLS_MARKER(&rhnull);
unsigned int index = hash & ((1 << tbl->nest) - 1);
unsigned int size = tbl->size >> tbl->nest;
unsigned int subhash = hash;
--
2.14.0.rc0.dirty
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