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    SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 10/12] sched/core: uclamp: use TG's clamps to restrict Task's clamps
    On Mon, Jul 16, 2018 at 1:29 AM, Patrick Bellasi
    <patrick.bellasi@arm.com> wrote:
    > When a task's util_clamp value is configured via sched_setattr(2), this
    > value has to be properly accounted in the corresponding clamp group
    > every time the task is enqueued and dequeued. When cgroups are also in
    > use, per-task clamp values have to be aggregated to those of the CPU's
    > controller's Task Group (TG) in which the task is currently living.
    >
    > Let's update uclamp_cpu_get() to provide aggregation between the task
    > and the TG clamp values. Every time a task is enqueued, it will be
    > accounted in the clamp_group which defines the smaller clamp between the
    > task specific value and its TG value.

    So choosing smallest for both UCLAMP_MIN and UCLAMP_MAX means the
    least boosted value and the most clamped value between syscall and TG
    will be used. My understanding is that boost means "at least this
    much" and clamp means "at most this much". So to satisfy both TG and
    syscall requirements I think you would need to choose the largest
    value for UCLAMP_MIN and the smallest one for UCLAMP_MAX, meaning the
    most boosted and most clamped range. Current implementation choses the
    least boosted value, so effectively one of the UCLAMP_MIN requirements
    (either from TG or from syscall) are being ignored...
    Could you please clarify why this choice is made?

    >
    > This also mimics what already happen for a task's CPU affinity mask when
    > the task is also living in a cpuset. he overall idea is that cgroup

    typo: The overall...

    > attributes are always used to restrict the per-task attributes.
    >
    > Thus, this implementation allows to:
    >
    > 1. ensure cgroup clamps are always used to restrict task specific
    > requests, i.e. boosted only up to a granted value or clamped at least
    > to a certain value
    > 2. implements a "nice-like" policy, where tasks are still allowed to
    > request less then what enforced by their current TG
    >
    > For this mecanisms to work properly, we need to implement a concept of
    > "effective" clamp group, which is used to track the currently most
    > restrictive clamp value each task is subject to.
    > The effective clamp is computed at enqueue time, by using an additional
    > task_struct::uclamp_group_id
    > to keep track of the clamp group in which each task is currently
    > accounted into. This solution allows to update task constrains on
    > demand, only when they became RUNNABLE, to always get the least
    > restrictive clamp depending on the current TG's settings.
    >
    > This solution allows also to better decouple the slow-path, where task
    > and task group clamp values are updated, from the fast-path, where the
    > most appropriate clamp value is tracked by refcounting clamp groups.
    >
    > For consistency purposes, as well as to properly inform userspace, the
    > sched_getattr(2) call is updated to always return the properly
    > aggregated constrains as described above. This will also make
    > sched_getattr(2) a convenient userpace API to know the utilization
    > constraints enforced on a task by the cgroup's CPU controller.
    >
    > Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com>
    > Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
    > Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
    > Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
    > Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
    > Cc: Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com>
    > Cc: Joel Fernandes <joelaf@google.com>
    > Cc: Steve Muckle <smuckle@google.com>
    > Cc: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@redhat.com>
    > Cc: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>
    > Cc: Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@arm.com>
    > Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
    > Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
    > ---
    > include/linux/sched.h | 2 ++
    > kernel/sched/core.c | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
    > kernel/sched/sched.h | 2 +-
    > 3 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
    >
    > diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
    > index 260aa8d3fca9..5dd76a27ec17 100644
    > --- a/include/linux/sched.h
    > +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
    > @@ -676,6 +676,8 @@ struct task_struct {
    > struct sched_dl_entity dl;
    >
    > #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
    > + /* Clamp group the task is currently accounted into */
    > + int uclamp_group_id[UCLAMP_CNT];
    > /* Utlization clamp values for this task */
    > struct uclamp_se uclamp[UCLAMP_CNT];
    > #endif
    > diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
    > index 04e758224e22..50613d3d5b83 100644
    > --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
    > +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
    > @@ -971,8 +971,15 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_update(struct rq *rq, int clamp_id,
    > * @rq: the CPU's rq where the clamp group has to be reference counted
    > * @clamp_id: the utilization clamp (e.g. min or max utilization) to reference
    > *
    > - * Once a task is enqueued on a CPU's RQ, the clamp group currently defined by
    > - * the task's uclamp.group_id is reference counted on that CPU.
    > + * Once a task is enqueued on a CPU's RQ, the most restrictive clamp group,
    > + * among the task specific and that of the task's cgroup one, is reference
    > + * counted on that CPU.
    > + *
    > + * Since the CPUs reference counted clamp group can be either that of the task
    > + * or of its cgroup, we keep track of the reference counted clamp group by
    > + * storing its index (group_id) into the task's task_struct::uclamp_group_id.
    > + * This group index will then be used at task's dequeue time to release the
    > + * correct refcount.
    > */
    > static inline void uclamp_cpu_get_id(struct task_struct *p,
    > struct rq *rq, int clamp_id)
    > @@ -982,18 +989,30 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_get_id(struct task_struct *p,
    > int clamp_value;
    > int group_id;
    >
    > - /* No task specific clamp values: nothing to do */
    > group_id = p->uclamp[clamp_id].group_id;
    > + clamp_value = p->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
    > +#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
    > + /* Use TG's clamp value to limit task specific values */
    > + if (group_id == UCLAMP_NONE ||
    > + clamp_value >= task_group(p)->uclamp[clamp_id].value) {

    Not a big deal but do you need to override if (clamp_value ==
    task_group(p)->uclamp[clamp_id].value)? Maybe:
    - clamp_value >= task_group(p)->uclamp[clamp_id].value) {
    + clamp_value > task_group(p)->uclamp[clamp_id].value) {

    > + clamp_value = task_group(p)->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
    > + group_id = task_group(p)->uclamp[clamp_id].group_id;
    > + }
    > +#else
    > + /* No task specific clamp values: nothing to do */
    > if (group_id == UCLAMP_NONE)
    > return;
    > +#endif
    >
    > /* Reference count the task into its current group_id */
    > uc_grp = &rq->uclamp.group[clamp_id][0];
    > uc_grp[group_id].tasks += 1;
    >
    > + /* Track the effective clamp group */
    > + p->uclamp_group_id[clamp_id] = group_id;
    > +
    > /* Force clamp update on idle exit */
    > uc_cpu = &rq->uclamp;
    > - clamp_value = p->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
    > if (unlikely(uc_cpu->flags & UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE)) {
    > if (clamp_id == UCLAMP_MAX)
    > uc_cpu->flags &= ~UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE;
    > @@ -1031,7 +1050,7 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_put_id(struct task_struct *p,
    > int group_id;
    >
    > /* No task specific clamp values: nothing to do */
    > - group_id = p->uclamp[clamp_id].group_id;
    > + group_id = p->uclamp_group_id[clamp_id];
    > if (group_id == UCLAMP_NONE)
    > return;
    >
    > @@ -1039,6 +1058,9 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_put_id(struct task_struct *p,
    > uc_grp = &rq->uclamp.group[clamp_id][0];
    > uc_grp[group_id].tasks -= 1;
    >
    > + /* Flag the task as not affecting any clamp index */
    > + p->uclamp_group_id[clamp_id] = UCLAMP_NONE;
    > +
    > /* If this is not the last task, no updates are required */
    > if (uc_grp[group_id].tasks > 0)
    > return;
    > @@ -2848,6 +2870,7 @@ static void __sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
    > #endif
    >
    > #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
    > + memset(&p->uclamp_group_id, UCLAMP_NONE, sizeof(p->uclamp_group_id));
    > p->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN].value = 0;
    > p->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN].group_id = UCLAMP_NONE;
    > p->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX].value = SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE;
    > @@ -5437,6 +5460,13 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(sched_getattr, pid_t, pid, struct sched_attr __user *, uattr,
    > #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
    > attr.sched_util_min = p->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN].value;
    > attr.sched_util_max = p->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX].value;
    > +#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
    > + /* Use cgroup enforced clamps to restrict task specific clamps */
    > + if (task_group(p)->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN].value < attr.sched_util_min)
    > + attr.sched_util_min = task_group(p)->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN].value;
    > + if (task_group(p)->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX].value < attr.sched_util_max)
    > + attr.sched_util_max = task_group(p)->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX].value;
    > +#endif
    > #endif
    >
    > rcu_read_unlock();
    > diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
    > index 1471a23e8f57..e3d5a2bc2f6c 100644
    > --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
    > +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
    > @@ -2220,7 +2220,7 @@ static inline bool uclamp_group_active(struct uclamp_group *uc_grp,
    > */
    > static inline bool uclamp_task_affects(struct task_struct *p, int clamp_id)
    > {
    > - return (p->uclamp[clamp_id].group_id != UCLAMP_NONE);
    > + return (p->uclamp_group_id[clamp_id] != UCLAMP_NONE);
    > }
    >
    > /**
    > --
    > 2.17.1
    >

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