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Subject[PATCH v3 bpf-next 02/14] bpf: introduce cgroup storage maps
Date
This commit introduces BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_STORAGE maps:
a special type of maps which are implementing the cgroup storage.

From the userspace point of view it's almost a generic
hash map with the (cgroup inode id, attachment type) pair
used as a key.

The only difference is that some operations are restricted:
1) a user can't create new entries,
2) a user can't remove existing entries.

The lookup from userspace is o(log(n)).

Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
---
include/linux/bpf-cgroup.h | 38 +++++
include/linux/bpf.h | 1 +
include/linux/bpf_types.h | 3 +
include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 6 +
kernel/bpf/Makefile | 1 +
kernel/bpf/local_storage.c | 367 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 12 ++
7 files changed, 428 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 kernel/bpf/local_storage.c

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf-cgroup.h b/include/linux/bpf-cgroup.h
index 79795c5fa7c3..6b0e7bd4b154 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf-cgroup.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf-cgroup.h
@@ -3,19 +3,39 @@
#define _BPF_CGROUP_H

#include <linux/jump_label.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>

struct sock;
struct sockaddr;
struct cgroup;
struct sk_buff;
+struct bpf_map;
+struct bpf_prog;
struct bpf_sock_ops_kern;
+struct bpf_cgroup_storage;

#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_BPF

extern struct static_key_false cgroup_bpf_enabled_key;
#define cgroup_bpf_enabled static_branch_unlikely(&cgroup_bpf_enabled_key)

+struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map;
+
+struct bpf_storage_buffer {
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ char data[0];
+};
+
+struct bpf_cgroup_storage {
+ struct bpf_storage_buffer *buf;
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map;
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key key;
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct rb_node node;
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+};
+
struct bpf_prog_list {
struct list_head node;
struct bpf_prog *prog;
@@ -76,6 +96,15 @@ int __cgroup_bpf_run_filter_sock_ops(struct sock *sk,
int __cgroup_bpf_check_dev_permission(short dev_type, u32 major, u32 minor,
short access, enum bpf_attach_type type);

+struct bpf_cgroup_storage *bpf_cgroup_storage_alloc(struct bpf_prog *prog);
+void bpf_cgroup_storage_free(struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage);
+void bpf_cgroup_storage_link(struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage,
+ struct cgroup *cgroup,
+ enum bpf_attach_type type);
+void bpf_cgroup_storage_unlink(struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage);
+int bpf_cgroup_storage_assign(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_map *map);
+void bpf_cgroup_storage_release(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_map *map);
+
/* Wrappers for __cgroup_bpf_run_filter_skb() guarded by cgroup_bpf_enabled. */
#define BPF_CGROUP_RUN_PROG_INET_INGRESS(sk, skb) \
({ \
@@ -220,6 +249,15 @@ static inline int cgroup_bpf_prog_query(const union bpf_attr *attr,
return -EINVAL;
}

+static inline int bpf_cgroup_storage_assign(struct bpf_prog *prog,
+ struct bpf_map *map) { return 0; }
+static inline void bpf_cgroup_storage_release(struct bpf_prog *prog,
+ struct bpf_map *map) {}
+static inline struct bpf_cgroup_storage *bpf_cgroup_storage_alloc(
+ struct bpf_prog *prog) { return 0; }
+static inline void bpf_cgroup_storage_free(
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage) {}
+
#define cgroup_bpf_enabled (0)
#define BPF_CGROUP_PRE_CONNECT_ENABLED(sk) (0)
#define BPF_CGROUP_RUN_PROG_INET_INGRESS(sk,skb) ({ 0; })
diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index 5a4a256473c3..9d1e4727495e 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -282,6 +282,7 @@ struct bpf_prog_aux {
struct bpf_prog *prog;
struct user_struct *user;
u64 load_time; /* ns since boottime */
+ struct bpf_map *cgroup_storage;
char name[BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN];
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
void *security;
diff --git a/include/linux/bpf_types.h b/include/linux/bpf_types.h
index c5700c2d5549..add08be53b6f 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf_types.h
@@ -37,6 +37,9 @@ BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY, perf_event_array_map_ops)
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_ARRAY, cgroup_array_map_ops)
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_BPF
+BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_STORAGE, cgroup_storage_map_ops)
+#endif
BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH, htab_map_ops)
BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_HASH, htab_percpu_map_ops)
BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_LRU_HASH, htab_lru_map_ops)
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 870113916cac..a0aa53148763 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -75,6 +75,11 @@ struct bpf_lpm_trie_key {
__u8 data[0]; /* Arbitrary size */
};

+struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key {
+ __u64 cgroup_inode_id; /* cgroup inode id */
+ __u32 attach_type; /* program attach type */
+};
+
/* BPF syscall commands, see bpf(2) man-page for details. */
enum bpf_cmd {
BPF_MAP_CREATE,
@@ -120,6 +125,7 @@ enum bpf_map_type {
BPF_MAP_TYPE_CPUMAP,
BPF_MAP_TYPE_XSKMAP,
BPF_MAP_TYPE_SOCKHASH,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_STORAGE,
};

enum bpf_prog_type {
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/Makefile b/kernel/bpf/Makefile
index f27f5496d6fe..e8906cbad81f 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/bpf/Makefile
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@ obj-y := core.o

obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += syscall.o verifier.o inode.o helpers.o tnum.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += hashtab.o arraymap.o percpu_freelist.o bpf_lru_list.o lpm_trie.o map_in_map.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += local_storage.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += disasm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += btf.o
ifeq ($(CONFIG_NET),y)
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/local_storage.c b/kernel/bpf/local_storage.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..940889eda2c7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/bpf/local_storage.c
@@ -0,0 +1,367 @@
+//SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <linux/bpf-cgroup.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/filter.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_BPF
+
+struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map {
+ struct bpf_map map;
+ struct bpf_prog *prog;
+
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ struct rb_root root;
+ struct list_head list;
+};
+
+static struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map_to_storage(struct bpf_map *map)
+{
+ return container_of(map, struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map, map);
+}
+
+static int bpf_cgroup_storage_key_cmp(
+ const struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key *key1,
+ const struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key *key2)
+{
+ if (key1->cgroup_inode_id < key2->cgroup_inode_id)
+ return -1;
+ else if (key1->cgroup_inode_id > key2->cgroup_inode_id)
+ return 1;
+ else if (key1->attach_type < key2->attach_type)
+ return -1;
+ else if (key1->attach_type > key2->attach_type)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct bpf_cgroup_storage *cgroup_storage_lookup(
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map, struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key *key,
+ bool locked)
+{
+ struct rb_root *root = &map->root;
+ struct rb_node *node;
+
+ /*
+ * This lock protects rbtree and list of storage entries,
+ * which are used from the syscall context only.
+ * So, simple spin_lock()/unlock() is fine here.
+ */
+ if (!locked)
+ spin_lock(&map->lock);
+
+ node = root->rb_node;
+ while (node) {
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage;
+
+ storage = container_of(node, struct bpf_cgroup_storage, node);
+
+ switch (bpf_cgroup_storage_key_cmp(key, &storage->key)) {
+ case -1:
+ node = node->rb_left;
+ break;
+ case 1:
+ node = node->rb_right;
+ break;
+ default:
+ if (!locked)
+ spin_unlock(&map->lock);
+ return storage;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!locked)
+ spin_unlock(&map->lock);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int cgroup_storage_insert(struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map,
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage)
+{
+ struct rb_root *root = &map->root;
+ struct rb_node **new = &(root->rb_node), *parent = NULL;
+
+ while (*new) {
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage *this;
+
+ this = container_of(*new, struct bpf_cgroup_storage, node);
+
+ parent = *new;
+ switch (bpf_cgroup_storage_key_cmp(&storage->key, &this->key)) {
+ case -1:
+ new = &((*new)->rb_left);
+ break;
+ case 1:
+ new = &((*new)->rb_right);
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EEXIST;
+ }
+ }
+
+ rb_link_node(&storage->node, parent, new);
+ rb_insert_color(&storage->node, root);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void *cgroup_storage_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *_map, void *_key)
+{
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map = map_to_storage(_map);
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key *key = _key;
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage;
+
+ storage = cgroup_storage_lookup(map, key, false);
+ if (!storage)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return &READ_ONCE(storage->buf)->data[0];
+}
+
+static int cgroup_storage_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *_key,
+ void *value, u64 flags)
+{
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key *key = _key;
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage;
+ struct bpf_storage_buffer *new;
+
+ if (flags & BPF_NOEXIST)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ storage = cgroup_storage_lookup((struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *)map,
+ key, false);
+ if (!storage)
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ new = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct bpf_storage_buffer) +
+ map->value_size, __GFP_ZERO | GFP_USER,
+ map->numa_node);
+ if (!new)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ memcpy(&new->data[0], value, map->value_size);
+
+ new = xchg(&storage->buf, new);
+ kfree_rcu(new, rcu);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int cgroup_storage_get_next_key(struct bpf_map *_map, void *_key,
+ void *_next_key)
+{
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map = map_to_storage(_map);
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key *key = _key;
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key *next = _next_key;
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage;
+
+ spin_lock(&map->lock);
+
+ if (list_empty(&map->list))
+ goto enoent;
+
+ if (key) {
+ storage = cgroup_storage_lookup(map, key, true);
+ if (!storage)
+ goto enoent;
+
+ storage = list_next_entry(storage, list);
+ if (!storage)
+ goto enoent;
+ } else {
+ storage = list_first_entry(&map->list,
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage, list);
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&map->lock);
+ next->attach_type = storage->key.attach_type;
+ next->cgroup_inode_id = storage->key.cgroup_inode_id;
+ return 0;
+
+enoent:
+ spin_unlock(&map->lock);
+ return -ENOENT;
+}
+
+static struct bpf_map *cgroup_storage_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
+{
+ int numa_node = bpf_map_attr_numa_node(attr);
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map;
+
+ if (attr->key_size != sizeof(struct bpf_cgroup_storage_key))
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+ if (attr->value_size > PAGE_SIZE)
+ return ERR_PTR(-E2BIG);
+
+ map = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map),
+ __GFP_ZERO | GFP_USER, numa_node);
+ if (!map)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ map->map.pages = round_up(sizeof(struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map),
+ PAGE_SIZE) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+ /* copy mandatory map attributes */
+ bpf_map_init_from_attr(&map->map, attr);
+
+ spin_lock_init(&map->lock);
+ map->root = RB_ROOT;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&map->list);
+
+ return &map->map;
+}
+
+static void cgroup_storage_map_free(struct bpf_map *_map)
+{
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map = map_to_storage(_map);
+
+ WARN_ON(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&map->root));
+ WARN_ON(!list_empty(&map->list));
+
+ kfree(map);
+}
+
+static int cgroup_storage_delete_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+const struct bpf_map_ops cgroup_storage_map_ops = {
+ .map_alloc = cgroup_storage_map_alloc,
+ .map_free = cgroup_storage_map_free,
+ .map_get_next_key = cgroup_storage_get_next_key,
+ .map_lookup_elem = cgroup_storage_lookup_elem,
+ .map_update_elem = cgroup_storage_update_elem,
+ .map_delete_elem = cgroup_storage_delete_elem,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Called by the verifier. bpf_verifier_lock must be locked.
+ */
+int bpf_cgroup_storage_assign(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_map *_map)
+{
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map = map_to_storage(_map);
+
+ if (map->prog && map->prog != prog)
+ return -EBUSY;
+ if (prog->aux->cgroup_storage && prog->aux->cgroup_storage != _map)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ map->prog = prog;
+ prog->aux->cgroup_storage = _map;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called by the verifier. bpf_verifier_lock must be locked.
+ */
+void bpf_cgroup_storage_release(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_map *_map)
+{
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map = map_to_storage(_map);
+
+ if (map->prog == prog) {
+ WARN_ON(prog->aux->cgroup_storage != _map);
+ map->prog = NULL;
+ }
+}
+
+struct bpf_cgroup_storage *bpf_cgroup_storage_alloc(struct bpf_prog *prog)
+{
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage;
+ struct bpf_map *map;
+ u32 pages;
+
+ map = prog->aux->cgroup_storage;
+ if (!map)
+ return NULL;
+
+ pages = round_up(sizeof(struct bpf_cgroup_storage) +
+ sizeof(struct bpf_storage_buffer) +
+ map->value_size, PAGE_SIZE) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ if (bpf_map_charge_memlock(map, pages))
+ return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
+
+ storage = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct bpf_cgroup_storage),
+ __GFP_ZERO | GFP_USER, map->numa_node);
+ if (!storage) {
+ bpf_map_uncharge_memlock(map, pages);
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ }
+
+ storage->buf = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct bpf_storage_buffer) +
+ map->value_size, __GFP_ZERO | GFP_USER,
+ map->numa_node);
+ if (!storage->buf) {
+ bpf_map_uncharge_memlock(map, pages);
+ kfree(storage);
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ }
+
+ storage->map = (struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *)map;
+
+ return storage;
+}
+
+void bpf_cgroup_storage_free(struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage)
+{
+ u32 pages;
+ struct bpf_map *map;
+
+ if (!storage)
+ return;
+
+ map = &storage->map->map;
+ pages = round_up(sizeof(struct bpf_cgroup_storage) +
+ sizeof(struct bpf_storage_buffer) +
+ map->value_size, PAGE_SIZE) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ bpf_map_uncharge_memlock(map, pages);
+
+ kfree_rcu(storage->buf, rcu);
+ kfree_rcu(storage, rcu);
+}
+
+void bpf_cgroup_storage_link(struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage,
+ struct cgroup *cgroup,
+ enum bpf_attach_type type)
+{
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map;
+
+ if (!storage)
+ return;
+
+ storage->key.attach_type = type;
+ storage->key.cgroup_inode_id = cgroup->kn->id.id;
+
+ map = storage->map;
+
+ spin_lock(&map->lock);
+ WARN_ON(cgroup_storage_insert(map, storage));
+ list_add(&storage->list, &map->list);
+ spin_unlock(&map->lock);
+}
+
+void bpf_cgroup_storage_unlink(struct bpf_cgroup_storage *storage)
+{
+ struct bpf_cgroup_storage_map *map;
+ struct rb_root *root;
+
+ if (!storage)
+ return;
+
+ map = storage->map;
+
+ spin_lock(&map->lock);
+ root = &map->root;
+ rb_erase(&storage->node, root);
+
+ list_del(&storage->list);
+ spin_unlock(&map->lock);
+}
+
+#endif
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 15d69b278277..0b089ba4595d 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -5140,6 +5140,14 @@ static int replace_map_fd_with_map_ptr(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
return -E2BIG;
}

+ if (map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_STORAGE &&
+ bpf_cgroup_storage_assign(env->prog, map)) {
+ verbose(env,
+ "only one cgroup storage is allowed\n");
+ fdput(f);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
/* hold the map. If the program is rejected by verifier,
* the map will be released by release_maps() or it
* will be used by the valid program until it's unloaded
@@ -5148,6 +5156,10 @@ static int replace_map_fd_with_map_ptr(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
map = bpf_map_inc(map, false);
if (IS_ERR(map)) {
fdput(f);
+ if (map->map_type ==
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_STORAGE)
+ bpf_cgroup_storage_release(env->prog,
+ map);
return PTR_ERR(map);
}
env->used_maps[env->used_map_cnt++] = map;
--
2.14.4
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