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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ARM64: smp: Fix cpu_up() racing with sys_reboot
On Thu, Jul 19, 2018 at 03:18:46PM -0700, Venkata Narendra Kumar Gutta wrote:
> Nothing stops a process from hotplugging in a CPU concurrently
> with a sys_reboot() call. In such a situation we could have
> ipi_cpu_stop() mark a cpu as 'offline' and _cpu_up() ignore the
> fact that the CPU is not really offline and call the
> CPU_UP_PREPARE notifier. When this happens stop_machine code will
> complain that the cpu thread already exists and BUG_ON().
>
> CPU0 CPU1
>
> sys_reboot()
> kernel_restart()
> machine_restart()
> machine_shutdown()
> smp_send_stop()

From a quick look arm64's machine_restart() disables IRQs, calls
smp_send_stop(), then calls one of:

* efi_reboot()
* arm_pm_restart()
* do_kernel_restart()

... and I can't see any of these calling machine_shutdown() directly.

How does machine_shutdown() get called? Is that somewhere in the restart_list
associated with do_kernel_restart?

> ... ipi_cpu_stop()
> set_cpu_online(1, false)
> local_irq_disable()
> while(1)
> <PREEMPT>

Given IRQs are disabled in machine_restart(), I don't understand how this
preemption can occur. Where do they get re-enabled?

> cpu_up()
> _cpu_up()
> if (!cpu_online(1))
> __cpu_notify(CPU_UP_PREPARE...)
>
> cpu_stop_cpu_callback()
> BUG_ON(stopper->thread)
>
> This is easily reproducible by hotplugging in and out in a tight
> loop while also rebooting.

Is this reproducible with mainline? e.g. v4.18-rc5?

I've packed away my HW in preparation for an office move, but I might be able
to give this a go in a VM.

> Since the CPU is not really offline and hasn't gone through the
> proper steps to be marked as such, let's mark the CPU as inactive.
> This is just as easily testable as online and avoids any possibility
> of _cpu_up() trying to bring the CPU back online when it never was
> offline to begin with. Based on the similar patchset by for arm
> targets 040c163( "ARM: smp: Fix cpu_up() racing with sys_reboot)"

Is this in mainline?

Looking at v4.18-rc5 I don't see arm's ipi_cpu_stop touching the active mask.

Thanks,
Mark.

>
> Signed-off-by: Abhimanyu Kapur <abhimany@codeaurora.org>
> Signed-off-by: Venkata Narendra Kumar Gutta <vnkgutta@codeaurora.org>
> ---
> arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c | 6 +++---
> 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
> index 2faa986..adee4d3 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
> @@ -790,7 +790,7 @@ void arch_irq_work_raise(void)
> */
> static void ipi_cpu_stop(unsigned int cpu)
> {
> - set_cpu_online(cpu, false);
> + set_cpu_active(cpu, false);
>
> local_daif_mask();
> sdei_mask_local_cpu();
> @@ -925,10 +925,10 @@ void smp_send_stop(void)
>
> /* Wait up to one second for other CPUs to stop */
> timeout = USEC_PER_SEC;
> - while (num_online_cpus() > 1 && timeout--)
> + while (num_active_cpus() > 1 && timeout--)
> udelay(1);
>
> - if (num_online_cpus() > 1)
> + if (num_active_cpus() > 1)
> pr_warning("SMP: failed to stop secondary CPUs %*pbl\n",
> cpumask_pr_args(cpu_online_mask));
>
> --
> The Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a member of the Code Aurora Forum,
> a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project
>

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