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SubjectRe: [PATCHv3 4/4] perf tools: Fix struct comm_str removal crash
Em Fri, Jul 20, 2018 at 12:17:40PM +0200, Jiri Olsa escreveu:
> On Fri, Jul 20, 2018 at 10:20:55AM +0900, Namhyung Kim wrote:
> > Hi Arnaldo,
> >
> > On Thu, Jul 19, 2018 at 03:31:14PM -0300, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo wrote:
> > > Em Thu, Jul 19, 2018 at 03:28:43PM -0300, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo escreveu:
> > > > Em Thu, Jul 19, 2018 at 04:33:45PM +0200, Jiri Olsa escreveu:
> > > > > +++ b/tools/perf/util/comm.c
> > > > > @@ -18,11 +18,9 @@ struct comm_str {
> > > > > static struct rb_root comm_str_root;
> > > > > static struct rw_semaphore comm_str_lock = {.lock = PTHREAD_RWLOCK_INITIALIZER,};
> > > > >
> > > > > -static struct comm_str *comm_str__get(struct comm_str *cs)
> > > > > +static bool comm_str__get(struct comm_str *cs)
> > > > > {
> > > > > - if (cs)
> > > > > - refcount_inc(&cs->refcnt);
> > > > > - return cs;
> > > > > + return cs ? refcount_inc_not_zero(&cs->refcnt) : false;
> > > > > }
> > > >
> > > > I don't like changing the semantics of a __get() operation this way, I
> > > > think it should stay like all the others, i.e. return the object with
> > > > the desired refcount or return NULL if that is not possible.
> > > >
> > > > Otherwise we'll have to switch gears when debugging refcounts in various
> > > > objects, that start having slightly different semantics for reference
> > > > counting.
> > > >
> > > > We should try to find a fix that maintains the semantics of refcounting.
> > >
> > > After looking at the code, this refcount_inc_not_zero returns bool comes
> > > from the kernel, trying to see how this is used with __get() operations
> > > there, if at all.
> >
> > Something like this?
> >
> > static struct comm_str *comm_str__get(struct comm_str *cs)
> > {
> > if (cs && refcount_inc_not_zero(&cs->refcnt))
> > return cs;
> > return NULL;
> > }
> >
> >
> > Other than that I don't have better idea, so
> >
> > Acked-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
> >
> > Thanks,
> > Namhyung
>
> righ, we can change comm_str__get like that, attached v3

Thanks, glad it was so easy. :-)

- Arnaldo

> thanks,
> jirka
>
>
> ---
> We occasionaly hit following assert failure in perf top,
> when processing the /proc info in multiple threads.
>
> perf: ...include/linux/refcount.h:109: refcount_inc:
> Assertion `!(!refcount_inc_not_zero(r))' failed.
>
> The gdb backtrace looks like this:
>
> [Switching to Thread 0x7ffff11ba700 (LWP 13749)]
> 0x00007ffff50839fb in raise () from /lib64/libc.so.6
> (gdb)
> #0 0x00007ffff50839fb in raise () from /lib64/libc.so.6
> #1 0x00007ffff5085800 in abort () from /lib64/libc.so.6
> #2 0x00007ffff507c0da in __assert_fail_base () from /lib64/libc.so.6
> #3 0x00007ffff507c152 in __assert_fail () from /lib64/libc.so.6
> #4 0x0000000000535373 in refcount_inc (r=0x7fffdc009be0)
> at ...include/linux/refcount.h:109
> #5 0x00000000005354f1 in comm_str__get (cs=0x7fffdc009bc0)
> at util/comm.c:24
> #6 0x00000000005356bd in __comm_str__findnew (str=0x7fffd000b260 ":2",
> root=0xbed5c0 <comm_str_root>) at util/comm.c:72
> #7 0x000000000053579e in comm_str__findnew (str=0x7fffd000b260 ":2",
> root=0xbed5c0 <comm_str_root>) at util/comm.c:95
> #8 0x000000000053582e in comm__new (str=0x7fffd000b260 ":2",
> timestamp=0, exec=false) at util/comm.c:111
> #9 0x00000000005363bc in thread__new (pid=2, tid=2) at util/thread.c:57
> #10 0x0000000000523da0 in ____machine__findnew_thread (machine=0xbfde38,
> threads=0xbfdf28, pid=2, tid=2, create=true) at util/machine.c:457
> #11 0x0000000000523eb4 in __machine__findnew_thread (machine=0xbfde38,
> ...
>
> The failing assertion is this one:
>
> REFCOUNT_WARN(!refcount_inc_not_zero(r), ...
>
> The problem is that we keep global comm_str_root list, which
> is accessed by multiple threads during the perf top startup
> and following 2 paths can race:
>
> thread 1:
> ...
> thread__new
> comm__new
> comm_str__findnew
> down_write(&comm_str_lock);
> __comm_str__findnew
> comm_str__get
>
> thread 2:
> ...
> comm__override or comm__free
> comm_str__put
> refcount_dec_and_test
> down_write(&comm_str_lock);
> rb_erase(&cs->rb_node, &comm_str_root);
>
> Because thread 2 first decrements the refcnt and only after then it
> removes the struct comm_str from the list, the thread 1 can find this
> object on the list with refcnt equls to 0 and hit the assert.
>
> This patch fixes the thread 1 __comm_str__findnew path, by ignoring
> objects that already dropped the refcnt to 0. For the rest of the
> objects we take the refcnt before comparing its name and release
> it afterwards with comm_str__put, which can also release the object
> completely.
>
> Acked-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-vrizt6sw1lu1ybsrl9l0wwln@git.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
> ---
> tools/perf/util/comm.c | 16 +++++++++++-----
> 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/comm.c b/tools/perf/util/comm.c
> index 7798a2cc8a86..31279a7bd919 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/util/comm.c
> +++ b/tools/perf/util/comm.c
> @@ -20,9 +20,10 @@ static struct rw_semaphore comm_str_lock = {.lock = PTHREAD_RWLOCK_INITIALIZER,}
>
> static struct comm_str *comm_str__get(struct comm_str *cs)
> {
> - if (cs)
> - refcount_inc(&cs->refcnt);
> - return cs;
> + if (cs && refcount_inc_not_zero(&cs->refcnt))
> + return cs;
> +
> + return NULL;
> }
>
> static void comm_str__put(struct comm_str *cs)
> @@ -67,9 +68,14 @@ struct comm_str *__comm_str__findnew(const char *str, struct rb_root *root)
> parent = *p;
> iter = rb_entry(parent, struct comm_str, rb_node);
>
> + /*
> + * If we race with comm_str__put, iter->refcnt is 0
> + * and it will be removed within comm_str__put call
> + * shortly, ignore it in this search.
> + */
> cmp = strcmp(str, iter->str);
> - if (!cmp)
> - return comm_str__get(iter);
> + if (!cmp && comm_str__get(iter))
> + return iter;
>
> if (cmp < 0)
> p = &(*p)->rb_left;
> --
> 2.17.1

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