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Subject[PATCH v4] USB: serial: cp210x: Implement GPIO support for CP2102N
This patch adds GPIO support for CP2102N devices.

It introduces new generic code to support emulating separate
input and outputs directions even though these devices
only know output modes (open-drain and pushpull). Existing
GPIO support for CP2105 has been migrated over to the new
code structure.

Only limitation is that for the QFN28 variant, only 4 out of
7 GPIOs are supported. This is because the config array
locations of the last 3 pins are not documented, and reverse
engineering revealed offsets that conflicted with other
documented functions. Hence we'll play it safe instead
until somebody clears this up further.

Signed-off-by: Karoly Pados <pados@pados.hu>
---

Patch changelog:
v1: Initial implementation.
v2: Incorporate Johan's feedback, most importantly generalize
new code and unify with CP2105.
v3 (by Johan): Apply stylistic and minor bug fixes.
v4: Corrected commit message. No code changes.


drivers/usb/serial/cp210x.c | 245 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
1 file changed, 209 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/cp210x.c b/drivers/usb/serial/cp210x.c
index 4a118eb13590..b9bc80700be7 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/serial/cp210x.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/serial/cp210x.c
@@ -224,9 +224,10 @@ MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, id_table);
struct cp210x_serial_private {
#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
struct gpio_chip gc;
- u8 config;
- u8 gpio_mode;
bool gpio_registered;
+ u8 gpio_pushpull;
+ u8 gpio_altfunc;
+ u8 gpio_input;
#endif
u8 partnum;
speed_t max_speed;
@@ -343,6 +344,7 @@ static struct usb_serial_driver * const serial_drivers[] = {
#define CONTROL_WRITE_RTS 0x0200

/* CP210X_VENDOR_SPECIFIC values */
+#define CP210X_READ_2NCONFIG 0x000E
#define CP210X_READ_LATCH 0x00C2
#define CP210X_GET_PARTNUM 0x370B
#define CP210X_GET_PORTCONFIG 0x370C
@@ -452,6 +454,12 @@ struct cp210x_config {
#define CP2105_GPIO1_RXLED_MODE BIT(1)
#define CP2105_GPIO1_RS485_MODE BIT(2)

+/* CP2102N configuration array indices */
+#define CP210X_2NCONFIG_CONFIG_VERSION_IDX 2
+#define CP210X_2NCONFIG_GPIO_MODE_IDX 581
+#define CP210X_2NCONFIG_GPIO_RSTLATCH_IDX 587
+#define CP210X_2NCONFIG_GPIO_CONTROL_IDX 600
+
/* CP210X_VENDOR_SPECIFIC, CP210X_WRITE_LATCH call writes these 0x2 bytes. */
struct cp210x_gpio_write {
u8 mask;
@@ -1313,17 +1321,8 @@ static int cp210x_gpio_request(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset)
struct usb_serial *serial = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
struct cp210x_serial_private *priv = usb_get_serial_data(serial);

- switch (offset) {
- case 0:
- if (priv->config & CP2105_GPIO0_TXLED_MODE)
- return -ENODEV;
- break;
- case 1:
- if (priv->config & (CP2105_GPIO1_RXLED_MODE |
- CP2105_GPIO1_RS485_MODE))
- return -ENODEV;
- break;
- }
+ if (priv->gpio_altfunc & BIT(offset))
+ return -ENODEV;

return 0;
}
@@ -1331,10 +1330,15 @@ static int cp210x_gpio_request(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset)
static int cp210x_gpio_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
{
struct usb_serial *serial = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct cp210x_serial_private *priv = usb_get_serial_data(serial);
+ u8 req_type = REQTYPE_DEVICE_TO_HOST;
int result;
u8 buf;

- result = cp210x_read_vendor_block(serial, REQTYPE_INTERFACE_TO_HOST,
+ if (priv->partnum == CP210X_PARTNUM_CP2105)
+ req_type = REQTYPE_INTERFACE_TO_HOST;
+
+ result = cp210x_read_vendor_block(serial, req_type,
CP210X_READ_LATCH, &buf, sizeof(buf));
if (result < 0)
return result;
@@ -1345,7 +1349,9 @@ static int cp210x_gpio_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
static void cp210x_gpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio, int value)
{
struct usb_serial *serial = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct cp210x_serial_private *priv = usb_get_serial_data(serial);
struct cp210x_gpio_write buf;
+ int result;

if (value == 1)
buf.state = BIT(gpio);
@@ -1354,25 +1360,68 @@ static void cp210x_gpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio, int value)

buf.mask = BIT(gpio);

- cp210x_write_vendor_block(serial, REQTYPE_HOST_TO_INTERFACE,
- CP210X_WRITE_LATCH, &buf, sizeof(buf));
+ if (priv->partnum == CP210X_PARTNUM_CP2105) {
+ result = cp210x_write_vendor_block(serial,
+ REQTYPE_HOST_TO_INTERFACE,
+ CP210X_WRITE_LATCH, &buf,
+ sizeof(buf));
+ } else {
+ u16 wIndex = buf.state << 8 | buf.mask;
+
+ result = usb_control_msg(serial->dev,
+ usb_sndctrlpipe(serial->dev, 0),
+ CP210X_VENDOR_SPECIFIC,
+ REQTYPE_HOST_TO_DEVICE,
+ CP210X_WRITE_LATCH,
+ wIndex,
+ NULL, 0, USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
+ }
+
+ if (result < 0) {
+ dev_err(&serial->interface->dev, "failed to set GPIO value: %d\n",
+ result);
+ }
}

static int cp210x_gpio_direction_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
{
- /* Hardware does not support an input mode */
- return 0;
+ struct usb_serial *serial = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct cp210x_serial_private *priv = usb_get_serial_data(serial);
+
+ return priv->gpio_input & BIT(gpio);
}

static int cp210x_gpio_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
{
- /* Hardware does not support an input mode */
- return -ENOTSUPP;
+ struct usb_serial *serial = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct cp210x_serial_private *priv = usb_get_serial_data(serial);
+
+ if (priv->partnum == CP210X_PARTNUM_CP2105) {
+ /* hardware does not support an input mode */
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+ }
+
+ /* push-pull pins cannot be changed to be inputs */
+ if (priv->gpio_pushpull & BIT(gpio))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* make sure to release pin if it is being driven low */
+ cp210x_gpio_set(gc, gpio, 1);
+
+ priv->gpio_input |= BIT(gpio);
+
+ return 0;
}

static int cp210x_gpio_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio,
int value)
{
+ struct usb_serial *serial = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+ struct cp210x_serial_private *priv = usb_get_serial_data(serial);
+
+ priv->gpio_input &= ~BIT(gpio);
+ cp210x_gpio_set(gc, gpio, value);
+
return 0;
}

@@ -1385,11 +1434,11 @@ static int cp210x_gpio_set_config(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio,

/* Succeed only if in correct mode (this can't be set at runtime) */
if ((param == PIN_CONFIG_DRIVE_PUSH_PULL) &&
- (priv->gpio_mode & BIT(gpio)))
+ (priv->gpio_pushpull & BIT(gpio)))
return 0;

if ((param == PIN_CONFIG_DRIVE_OPEN_DRAIN) &&
- !(priv->gpio_mode & BIT(gpio)))
+ !(priv->gpio_pushpull & BIT(gpio)))
return 0;

return -ENOTSUPP;
@@ -1402,12 +1451,13 @@ static int cp210x_gpio_set_config(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio,
* this driver that provide GPIO do so in a way that does not impact other
* signals and are thus expected to have very different initialisation.
*/
-static int cp2105_shared_gpio_init(struct usb_serial *serial)
+static int cp2105_gpioconf_init(struct usb_serial *serial)
{
struct cp210x_serial_private *priv = usb_get_serial_data(serial);
struct cp210x_pin_mode mode;
struct cp210x_config config;
u8 intf_num = cp210x_interface_num(serial);
+ u8 iface_config;
int result;

result = cp210x_read_vendor_block(serial, REQTYPE_DEVICE_TO_HOST,
@@ -1424,20 +1474,26 @@ static int cp2105_shared_gpio_init(struct usb_serial *serial)

/* 2 banks of GPIO - One for the pins taken from each serial port */
if (intf_num == 0) {
- if (mode.eci == CP210X_PIN_MODE_MODEM)
+ if (mode.eci == CP210X_PIN_MODE_MODEM) {
+ /* mark all GPIOs of this interface as reserved */
+ priv->gpio_altfunc = 0xff;
return 0;
+ }

- priv->config = config.eci_cfg;
- priv->gpio_mode = (u8)((le16_to_cpu(config.gpio_mode) &
+ iface_config = config.eci_cfg;
+ priv->gpio_pushpull = (u8)((le16_to_cpu(config.gpio_mode) &
CP210X_ECI_GPIO_MODE_MASK) >>
CP210X_ECI_GPIO_MODE_OFFSET);
priv->gc.ngpio = 2;
} else if (intf_num == 1) {
- if (mode.sci == CP210X_PIN_MODE_MODEM)
+ if (mode.sci == CP210X_PIN_MODE_MODEM) {
+ /* mark all GPIOs of this interface as reserved */
+ priv->gpio_altfunc = 0xff;
return 0;
+ }

- priv->config = config.sci_cfg;
- priv->gpio_mode = (u8)((le16_to_cpu(config.gpio_mode) &
+ iface_config = config.sci_cfg;
+ priv->gpio_pushpull = (u8)((le16_to_cpu(config.gpio_mode) &
CP210X_SCI_GPIO_MODE_MASK) >>
CP210X_SCI_GPIO_MODE_OFFSET);
priv->gc.ngpio = 3;
@@ -1445,6 +1501,125 @@ static int cp2105_shared_gpio_init(struct usb_serial *serial)
return -ENODEV;
}

+ /* mark all pins which are not in GPIO mode */
+ if (iface_config & CP2105_GPIO0_TXLED_MODE) /* GPIO 0 */
+ priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(0);
+ if (iface_config & (CP2105_GPIO1_RXLED_MODE | /* GPIO 1 */
+ CP2105_GPIO1_RS485_MODE))
+ priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(1);
+
+ /* driver implementation for CP2105 only supports outputs */
+ priv->gpio_input = 0;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int cp2102n_gpioconf_init(struct usb_serial *serial)
+{
+ struct cp210x_serial_private *priv = usb_get_serial_data(serial);
+ const u16 config_size = 0x02a6;
+ u8 gpio_rst_latch;
+ u8 config_version;
+ u8 gpio_pushpull;
+ u8 *config_buf;
+ u8 gpio_latch;
+ u8 gpio_ctrl;
+ int result;
+ u8 i;
+
+ /*
+ * Retrieve device configuration from the device.
+ * The array received contains all customization settings done at the
+ * factory/manufacturer. Format of the array is documented at the
+ * time of writing at:
+ * https://www.silabs.com/community/interface/knowledge-base.entry.html/2017/03/31/cp2102n_setconfig-xsfa
+ */
+ config_buf = kmalloc(config_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!config_buf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ result = cp210x_read_vendor_block(serial,
+ REQTYPE_DEVICE_TO_HOST,
+ CP210X_READ_2NCONFIG,
+ config_buf,
+ config_size);
+ if (result < 0) {
+ kfree(config_buf);
+ return result;
+ }
+
+ config_version = config_buf[CP210X_2NCONFIG_CONFIG_VERSION_IDX];
+ gpio_pushpull = config_buf[CP210X_2NCONFIG_GPIO_MODE_IDX];
+ gpio_ctrl = config_buf[CP210X_2NCONFIG_GPIO_CONTROL_IDX];
+ gpio_rst_latch = config_buf[CP210X_2NCONFIG_GPIO_RSTLATCH_IDX];
+
+ kfree(config_buf);
+
+ /* Make sure this is a config format we understand. */
+ if (config_version != 0x01)
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+
+ /*
+ * We only support 4 GPIOs even on the QFN28 package, because
+ * config locations of GPIOs 4-6 determined using reverse
+ * engineering revealed conflicting offsets with other
+ * documented functions. So we'll just play it safe for now.
+ */
+ priv->gc.ngpio = 4;
+
+ /*
+ * Get default pin states after reset. Needed so we can determine
+ * the direction of an open-drain pin.
+ */
+ gpio_latch = (gpio_rst_latch >> 3) & 0x0f;
+
+ /* 0 indicates open-drain mode, 1 is push-pull */
+ priv->gpio_pushpull = (gpio_pushpull >> 3) & 0x0f;
+
+ /* 0 indicates GPIO mode, 1 is alternate function */
+ priv->gpio_altfunc = (gpio_ctrl >> 2) & 0x0f;
+
+ /*
+ * The CP2102N does not strictly has input and output pin modes,
+ * it only knows open-drain and push-pull modes which is set at
+ * factory. An open-drain pin can function both as an
+ * input or an output. We emulate input mode for open-drain pins
+ * by making sure they are not driven low, and we do not allow
+ * push-pull pins to be set as an input.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < priv->gc.ngpio; ++i) {
+ /*
+ * Set direction to "input" iff pin is open-drain and reset
+ * value is 1.
+ */
+ if (!(priv->gpio_pushpull & BIT(i)) && (gpio_latch & BIT(i)))
+ priv->gpio_input |= BIT(i);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int cp210x_gpio_init(struct usb_serial *serial)
+{
+ struct cp210x_serial_private *priv = usb_get_serial_data(serial);
+ int result;
+
+ switch (priv->partnum) {
+ case CP210X_PARTNUM_CP2105:
+ result = cp2105_gpioconf_init(serial);
+ break;
+ case CP210X_PARTNUM_CP2102N_QFN28:
+ case CP210X_PARTNUM_CP2102N_QFN24:
+ case CP210X_PARTNUM_CP2102N_QFN20:
+ result = cp2102n_gpioconf_init(serial);
+ break;
+ default:
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (result < 0)
+ return result;
+
priv->gc.label = "cp210x";
priv->gc.request = cp210x_gpio_request;
priv->gc.get_direction = cp210x_gpio_direction_get;
@@ -1477,7 +1652,7 @@ static void cp210x_gpio_remove(struct usb_serial *serial)

#else

-static int cp2105_shared_gpio_init(struct usb_serial *serial)
+static int cp210x_gpio_init(struct usb_serial *serial)
{
return 0;
}
@@ -1588,12 +1763,10 @@ static int cp210x_attach(struct usb_serial *serial)

cp210x_init_max_speed(serial);

- if (priv->partnum == CP210X_PARTNUM_CP2105) {
- result = cp2105_shared_gpio_init(serial);
- if (result < 0) {
- dev_err(&serial->interface->dev,
- "GPIO initialisation failed, continuing without GPIO support\n");
- }
+ result = cp210x_gpio_init(serial);
+ if (result < 0) {
+ dev_err(&serial->interface->dev, "GPIO initialisation failed: %d\n",
+ result);
}

return 0;
--
2.18.0
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