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Subject[PATCH v36 2/5] virtio_balloon: replace oom notifier with shrinker
Date
The OOM notifier is getting deprecated to use for the reasons mentioned
here by Michal Hocko: https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/7/12/314

This patch replaces the virtio-balloon oom notifier with a shrinker
to release balloon pages on memory pressure.

In addition, the bug in the replaced virtballoon_oom_notify that only
VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_PFNS_MAX (i.e 256) balloon pages can be freed
though the user has specified more than that number is fixed in the
shrinker_scan function.

Signed-off-by: Wei Wang <wei.w.wang@intel.com>
Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
---
drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c | 113 +++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
1 file changed, 65 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
index 9356a1a..c6fd406 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
@@ -27,7 +27,6 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/balloon_compaction.h>
-#include <linux/oom.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
@@ -40,12 +39,12 @@
*/
#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE (unsigned)(PAGE_SIZE >> VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT)
#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_PFNS_MAX 256
-#define OOM_VBALLOON_DEFAULT_PAGES 256
+#define DEFAULT_BALLOON_PAGES_TO_SHRINK 256
#define VIRTBALLOON_OOM_NOTIFY_PRIORITY 80

-static int oom_pages = OOM_VBALLOON_DEFAULT_PAGES;
-module_param(oom_pages, int, S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR);
-MODULE_PARM_DESC(oom_pages, "pages to free on OOM");
+static unsigned long balloon_pages_to_shrink = DEFAULT_BALLOON_PAGES_TO_SHRINK;
+module_param(balloon_pages_to_shrink, ulong, 0600);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(balloon_pages_to_shrink, "pages to free on memory presure");

#ifdef CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION
static struct vfsmount *balloon_mnt;
@@ -86,8 +85,8 @@ struct virtio_balloon {
/* Memory statistics */
struct virtio_balloon_stat stats[VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_NR];

- /* To register callback in oom notifier call chain */
- struct notifier_block nb;
+ /* To register a shrinker to shrink memory upon memory pressure */
+ struct shrinker shrinker;
};

static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
@@ -365,38 +364,6 @@ static void update_balloon_size(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
&actual);
}

-/*
- * virtballoon_oom_notify - release pages when system is under severe
- * memory pressure (called from out_of_memory())
- * @self : notifier block struct
- * @dummy: not used
- * @parm : returned - number of freed pages
- *
- * The balancing of memory by use of the virtio balloon should not cause
- * the termination of processes while there are pages in the balloon.
- * If virtio balloon manages to release some memory, it will make the
- * system return and retry the allocation that forced the OOM killer
- * to run.
- */
-static int virtballoon_oom_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
- unsigned long dummy, void *parm)
-{
- struct virtio_balloon *vb;
- unsigned long *freed;
- unsigned num_freed_pages;
-
- vb = container_of(self, struct virtio_balloon, nb);
- if (!virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_DEFLATE_ON_OOM))
- return NOTIFY_OK;
-
- freed = parm;
- num_freed_pages = leak_balloon(vb, oom_pages);
- update_balloon_size(vb);
- *freed += num_freed_pages;
-
- return NOTIFY_OK;
-}
-
static void update_balloon_stats_func(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb;
@@ -548,6 +515,61 @@ static struct file_system_type balloon_fs = {

#endif /* CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION */

+static unsigned long virtio_balloon_shrinker_scan(struct shrinker *shrinker,
+ struct shrink_control *sc)
+{
+ unsigned long pages_to_free = balloon_pages_to_shrink,
+ pages_freed = 0;
+ struct virtio_balloon *vb = container_of(shrinker,
+ struct virtio_balloon, shrinker);
+
+ /*
+ * One invocation of leak_balloon can deflate at most
+ * VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_PFNS_MAX balloon pages, so we call it
+ * multiple times to deflate pages till reaching
+ * balloon_pages_to_shrink pages.
+ */
+ while (vb->num_pages && pages_to_free) {
+ pages_to_free = balloon_pages_to_shrink - pages_freed;
+ pages_freed += leak_balloon(vb, pages_to_free);
+ }
+ update_balloon_size(vb);
+
+ return pages_freed / VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE;
+}
+
+static unsigned long virtio_balloon_shrinker_count(struct shrinker *shrinker,
+ struct shrink_control *sc)
+{
+ struct virtio_balloon *vb = container_of(shrinker,
+ struct virtio_balloon, shrinker);
+
+ /*
+ * We continue to use VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_DEFLATE_ON_OOM to handle the
+ * case when shrinker needs to be invoked to relieve memory pressure.
+ */
+ if (!virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_DEFLATE_ON_OOM))
+ return 0;
+
+ return min_t(unsigned long, vb->num_pages, balloon_pages_to_shrink) /
+ VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE;
+}
+
+static void virtio_balloon_unregister_shrinker(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
+{
+ unregister_shrinker(&vb->shrinker);
+}
+
+static int virtio_balloon_register_shrinker(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
+{
+ vb->shrinker.scan_objects = virtio_balloon_shrinker_scan;
+ vb->shrinker.count_objects = virtio_balloon_shrinker_count;
+ vb->shrinker.batch = 0;
+ vb->shrinker.seeks = DEFAULT_SEEKS;
+
+ return register_shrinker(&vb->shrinker);
+}
+
static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb;
@@ -580,17 +602,10 @@ static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
if (err)
goto out_free_vb;

- vb->nb.notifier_call = virtballoon_oom_notify;
- vb->nb.priority = VIRTBALLOON_OOM_NOTIFY_PRIORITY;
- err = register_oom_notifier(&vb->nb);
- if (err < 0)
- goto out_del_vqs;
-
#ifdef CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION
balloon_mnt = kern_mount(&balloon_fs);
if (IS_ERR(balloon_mnt)) {
err = PTR_ERR(balloon_mnt);
- unregister_oom_notifier(&vb->nb);
goto out_del_vqs;
}

@@ -599,12 +614,14 @@ static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
if (IS_ERR(vb->vb_dev_info.inode)) {
err = PTR_ERR(vb->vb_dev_info.inode);
kern_unmount(balloon_mnt);
- unregister_oom_notifier(&vb->nb);
vb->vb_dev_info.inode = NULL;
goto out_del_vqs;
}
vb->vb_dev_info.inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &balloon_aops;
#endif
+ err = virtio_balloon_register_shrinker(vb);
+ if (err)
+ goto out_del_vqs;

virtio_device_ready(vdev);

@@ -637,7 +654,7 @@ static void virtballoon_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb = vdev->priv;

- unregister_oom_notifier(&vb->nb);
+ virtio_balloon_unregister_shrinker(vb);

spin_lock_irq(&vb->stop_update_lock);
vb->stop_update = true;
--
2.7.4
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