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Subject[PATCH v4 2/2] i2c: mux: annotate the nested rt_mutex usage
Date
If an i2c topology has instances of nested muxes, then a lockdep splat
is produced when when i2c_parent_lock_bus() is called. Here is an
example:

============================================
WARNING: possible recursive locking detected
--------------------------------------------
insmod/68159 is trying to acquire lock:
(i2c_register_adapter#2){+.+.}, at: i2c_parent_lock_bus+0x32/0x50 [i2c_mux]

but task is already holding lock:
(i2c_register_adapter#2){+.+.}, at: i2c_parent_lock_bus+0x32/0x50 [i2c_mux]

other info that might help us debug this:
Possible unsafe locking scenario:

CPU0
----
lock(i2c_register_adapter#2);
lock(i2c_register_adapter#2);

*** DEADLOCK ***

May be due to missing lock nesting notation

1 lock held by insmod/68159:
#0: (i2c_register_adapter#2){+.+.}, at: i2c_parent_lock_bus+0x32/0x50 [i2c_mux]

stack backtrace:
CPU: 13 PID: 68159 Comm: insmod Tainted: G O
Call Trace:
dump_stack+0x67/0x98
__lock_acquire+0x162e/0x1780
lock_acquire+0xba/0x200
rt_mutex_lock+0x44/0x60
i2c_parent_lock_bus+0x32/0x50 [i2c_mux]
i2c_parent_lock_bus+0x3e/0x50 [i2c_mux]
i2c_smbus_xfer+0xf0/0x700
i2c_smbus_read_byte+0x42/0x70
my2c_init+0xa2/0x1000 [my2c]
do_one_initcall+0x51/0x192
do_init_module+0x62/0x216
load_module+0x20f9/0x2b50
SYSC_init_module+0x19a/0x1c0
SyS_init_module+0xe/0x10
do_syscall_64+0x6c/0x1a0
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x42/0xb7

Reported-by: John Sperbeck <jsperbeck@google.com>
Tested-by: John Sperbeck <jsperbeck@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
---
drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c | 2 +-
drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c | 4 ++--
2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c b/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c
index f5ec6ec6776f..1157a64c7be3 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c
@@ -615,7 +615,7 @@ static int i2c_check_addr_busy(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int addr)
static void i2c_adapter_lock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter,
unsigned int flags)
{
- rt_mutex_lock(&adapter->bus_lock);
+ rt_mutex_lock_nested(&adapter->bus_lock, i2c_adapter_depth(adapter));
}

/**
diff --git a/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c b/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c
index 9669ca4937b8..7ba31f6bf148 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ static void i2c_mux_lock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
struct i2c_mux_priv *priv = adapter->algo_data;
struct i2c_adapter *parent = priv->muxc->parent;

- rt_mutex_lock(&parent->mux_lock);
+ rt_mutex_lock_nested(&parent->mux_lock, i2c_adapter_depth(adapter));
if (!(flags & I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER))
return;
i2c_lock_bus(parent, flags);
@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@ static void i2c_parent_lock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter,
struct i2c_mux_priv *priv = adapter->algo_data;
struct i2c_adapter *parent = priv->muxc->parent;

- rt_mutex_lock(&parent->mux_lock);
+ rt_mutex_lock_nested(&parent->mux_lock, i2c_adapter_depth(adapter));
i2c_lock_bus(parent, flags);
}

--
2.11.0
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