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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 07/12] sched/core: uclamp: enforce last task UCLAMP_MAX
Hi Patrick,

On Mon, Jul 16, 2018 at 1:29 AM, Patrick Bellasi
<patrick.bellasi@arm.com> wrote:
> When a util_max clamped task sleeps, its clamp constraints are removed
> from the CPU. However, the blocked utilization on that CPU can still be
> higher than the max clamp value enforced while that task was running.
> This max clamp removal when a CPU is going to be idle could thus allow
> unwanted CPU frequency increases, right while the task is not running.
>
> This can happen, for example, where there is another (smaller) task
> running on a different CPU of the same frequency domain.
> In this case, when we aggregates the utilization of all the CPUs in a

typo: we aggregate

> shared frequency domain, schedutil can still see the full non clamped
> blocked utilization of all the CPUs and thus eventually increase the
> frequency.
>
> Let's fix this by using:
>
> uclamp_cpu_put_id(UCLAMP_MAX)
> uclamp_cpu_update(last_clamp_value)
>
> to detect when a CPU has no more RUNNABLE clamped tasks and to flag this
> condition. Thus, while a CPU is idle, we can still enforce the last used
> clamp value for it.
>
> To the contrary, we do not track any UCLAMP_MIN since, while a CPU is
> idle, we don't want to enforce any minimum frequency
> Indeed, we relay just on blocked load decay to smoothly reduce the

typo: We rely

> frequency.
>
> Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> Cc: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>
> Cc: Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com>
> Cc: Joel Fernandes <joelaf@google.com>
> Cc: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@redhat.com>
> Cc: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>
> Cc: Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@arm.com>
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
> ---
> kernel/sched/core.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> kernel/sched/sched.h | 2 ++
> 2 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index b2424eea7990..0cb6e0aa4faa 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -930,7 +930,8 @@ uclamp_group_find(int clamp_id, unsigned int clamp_value)
> * For the specified clamp index, this method computes the new CPU utilization
> * clamp to use until the next change on the set of RUNNABLE tasks on that CPU.
> */
> -static inline void uclamp_cpu_update(struct rq *rq, int clamp_id)
> +static inline void uclamp_cpu_update(struct rq *rq, int clamp_id,
> + unsigned int last_clamp_value)
> {
> struct uclamp_group *uc_grp = &rq->uclamp.group[clamp_id][0];
> int max_value = UCLAMP_NONE;
> @@ -948,6 +949,19 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_update(struct rq *rq, int clamp_id)
> if (max_value >= SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
> break;
> }
> +
> + /*
> + * Just for the UCLAMP_MAX value, in case there are no RUNNABLE
> + * task, we keep the CPU clamped to the last task's clamp value.
> + * This avoids frequency spikes to MAX when one CPU, with an high
> + * blocked utilization, sleeps and another CPU, in the same frequency
> + * domain, do not see anymore the clamp on the first CPU.
> + */
> + if (clamp_id == UCLAMP_MAX && max_value == UCLAMP_NONE) {
> + rq->uclamp.flags |= UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE;
> + max_value = last_clamp_value;
> + }
> +
> rq->uclamp.value[clamp_id] = max_value;
> }
>
> @@ -977,13 +991,21 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_get_id(struct task_struct *p,
> uc_grp = &rq->uclamp.group[clamp_id][0];
> uc_grp[group_id].tasks += 1;
>
> + /* Force clamp update on idle exit */
> + uc_cpu = &rq->uclamp;
> + clamp_value = p->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
> + if (unlikely(uc_cpu->flags & UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE)) {

The condition below is not needed because UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE is set only
for UCLAMP_MAX clamp_id, therefore the above condition already covers
the one below.

> + if (clamp_id == UCLAMP_MAX)
> + uc_cpu->flags &= ~UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE;
> + uc_cpu->value[clamp_id] = clamp_value;
> + return;
> + }
> +
> /*
> * If this is the new max utilization clamp value, then we can update
> * straight away the CPU clamp value. Otherwise, the current CPU clamp
> * value is still valid and we are done.
> */
> - uc_cpu = &rq->uclamp;
> - clamp_value = p->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
> if (uc_cpu->value[clamp_id] < clamp_value)
> uc_cpu->value[clamp_id] = clamp_value;
> }
> @@ -1028,7 +1050,7 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_put_id(struct task_struct *p,
> uc_cpu = &rq->uclamp;
> clamp_value = uc_grp[group_id].value;
> if (clamp_value >= uc_cpu->value[clamp_id])
> - uclamp_cpu_update(rq, clamp_id);
> + uclamp_cpu_update(rq, clamp_id, clamp_value);
> }
>
> /**
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> index 1207add36478..7e4f10c507b7 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> @@ -783,6 +783,8 @@ struct uclamp_group {
> * values, i.e. no min/max clamping at all.
> */
> struct uclamp_cpu {
> +#define UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE 0x01
> + int flags;
> int value[UCLAMP_CNT];
> struct uclamp_group group[UCLAMP_CNT][CONFIG_UCLAMP_GROUPS_COUNT + 1];
> };
> --
> 2.17.1
>

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