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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/6] module: add support for symbol namespaces.
+++ Martijn Coenen [16/07/18 14:21 +0200]:
>The EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS() and EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS_GPL() macros can be used to
>export a symbol to a specific namespace. There are no _GPL_FUTURE and
>_UNUSED variants because these are currently unused, and I'm not sure
>they are necessary.
>
>I didn't add EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS() for ASM exports; this patch sets the
>namespace of ASM exports to NULL by default. If there's a need, this
>should be pretty easy to add.
>
>A module that wants to use a symbol exported to a namespace must add a
>MODULE_IMPORT_NS() statement to their module code; otherwise, modpost
>will complain when building the module, and the kernel module loader
>will warn when loading the module.
>
>The ELF symbols are renamed to include the namespace with an asm label;
>for example, symbol 'usb_stor_suspend' in namespace USB_STORAGE becomes
>'usb_stor_suspend.USB_STORAGE'. This allows modpost to do namespace
>checking, without having to go through all the effort of parsing ELF and
>reloction records just to get to the struct kernel_symbols.
>
>On x86_64 I saw no difference in binary size (compression), but at
>runtime this will require a word of memory per export to hold the
>namespace. An alternative could be to store namespaced symbols in their
>own section and use a separate 'struct namespaced_kernel_symbol' for
>that section, at the cost of making the module loader more complex.
>
>Signed-off-by: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
>---
> include/asm-generic/export.h | 2 +-
> include/linux/export.h | 83 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> include/linux/module.h | 13 ++++++
> kernel/module.c | 79 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 156 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
>
>diff --git a/include/asm-generic/export.h b/include/asm-generic/export.h
>index 68efb950a918..4c3d1afb702f 100644
>--- a/include/asm-generic/export.h
>+++ b/include/asm-generic/export.h
>@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@
> .section ___ksymtab\sec+\name,"a"
> .balign KSYM_ALIGN
> __ksymtab_\name:
>- __put \val, __kstrtab_\name
>+ __put \val, __kstrtab_\name, 0
> .previous
> .section __ksymtab_strings,"a"
> __kstrtab_\name:
>diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
>index ad6b8e697b27..9f6e70eeb85f 100644
>--- a/include/linux/export.h
>+++ b/include/linux/export.h
>@@ -22,6 +22,11 @@ struct kernel_symbol
> {
> unsigned long value;
> const char *name;
>+ const char *namespace;
>+};
>+
>+struct namespace_import {
>+ const char *namespace;
> };
>
> #ifdef MODULE
>@@ -54,18 +59,28 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
> #define __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec)
> #endif
>
>+#define NS_SEPARATOR "."
>+
>+#define MODULE_IMPORT_NS(ns) \
>+ static const struct namespace_import __knsimport_##ns \
>+ asm("__knsimport_" #ns) \
>+ __attribute__((section("__knsimport"), used)) \
>+ = { #ns }
>+
> /* For every exported symbol, place a struct in the __ksymtab section */
>-#define ___EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec) \
>+#define ___EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2) \
> extern typeof(sym) sym; \
> __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec) \
>- static const char __kstrtab_##sym[] \
>+ static const char __kstrtab_##sym##nspost[] \
> __attribute__((section("__ksymtab_strings"), aligned(1))) \
> = #sym; \
>- static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym \
>+ static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym##nspost \
>+ asm("__ksymtab_" #sym nspost2) \
> __used \
>- __attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used)) \
>+ __attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym #nspost))) \
>+ __attribute__((used)) \
> __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(void *)))) \
>- = { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
>+ = { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym##nspost, ns }
>
> #if defined(__KSYM_DEPS__)
>
>@@ -76,52 +91,80 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
> * system filters out from the preprocessor output (see ksym_dep_filter
> * in scripts/Kbuild.include).
> */
>-#define __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec) === __KSYM_##sym ===
>+#define __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2) === __KSYM_##sym ===
>
> #elif defined(CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS)
>
> #include <generated/autoksyms.h>
>
>-#define __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec) \
>- __cond_export_sym(sym, sec, __is_defined(__KSYM_##sym))
>-#define __cond_export_sym(sym, sec, conf) \
>- ___cond_export_sym(sym, sec, conf)
>-#define ___cond_export_sym(sym, sec, enabled) \
>- __cond_export_sym_##enabled(sym, sec)
>-#define __cond_export_sym_1(sym, sec) ___EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec)
>-#define __cond_export_sym_0(sym, sec) /* nothing */
>+#define __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2) \
>+ __cond_export_sym(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2, \
>+ __is_defined(__KSYM_##sym))
>+#define __cond_export_sym(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2, conf) \
>+ ___cond_export_sym(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2, conf)
>+#define ___cond_export_sym(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2, enabled) \
>+ __cond_export_sym_##enabled(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2)
>+#define __cond_export_sym_1(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2) \
>+ ___EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2)
>+#define __cond_export_sym_0(sym, sec, ns, nspost, nspost2) /* nothing */
>
> #else
> #define __EXPORT_SYMBOL ___EXPORT_SYMBOL
> #endif
>
> #define EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym) \
>- __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "")
>+ __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "", NULL, ,)
>
> #define EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sym) \
>- __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "_gpl")
>+ __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "_gpl", NULL, ,)
>
> #define EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL_FUTURE(sym) \
>- __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "_gpl_future")
>+ __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "_gpl_future", NULL, ,)
>+
>+#define EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS(sym, ns) \
>+ __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "", #ns, __##ns, NS_SEPARATOR #ns)
>+
>+#define EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS_GPL(sym, ns) \
>+ __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "_gpl", #ns, __##ns, NS_SEPARATOR #ns)
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS
>-#define EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL(sym) __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "_unused")
>-#define EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL_GPL(sym) __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "_unused_gpl")
>+#define EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL(sym) __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "_unused", , ,)
>+#define EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL_GPL(sym) __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, "_unused_gpl", , ,)
> #else
> #define EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL(sym)
> #define EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL_GPL(sym)
> #endif
>
>-#endif /* __GENKSYMS__ */
>+#endif /* __KERNEL__ && !__GENKSYMS__ */
>+
>+#if defined(__GENKSYMS__)
>+/*
>+ * When we're running genksyms, ignore the namespace and make the _NS
>+ * variants look like the normal ones. There are two reasons for this:
>+ * 1) In the normal definition of EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS, the 'ns' macro
>+ * argument is itself not expanded because it's always tokenized or
>+ * concatenated; but when running genksyms, a blank definition of the
>+ * macro does allow the argument to be expanded; if a namespace
>+ * happens to collide with a #define, this can cause issues.
>+ * 2) There's no need to modify genksyms to deal with the _NS variants
>+ */
>+#define EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS(sym, ns) \
>+ EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym)
>+#define EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS_GPL(sym, ns) \
>+ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sym)
>+#endif
>
> #else /* !CONFIG_MODULES... */
>
> #define EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym)
>+#define EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS(sym, ns)
>+#define EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS_GPL(sym, ns)
> #define EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sym)
> #define EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL_FUTURE(sym)
> #define EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL(sym)
> #define EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL_GPL(sym)
>
>+#define MODULE_IMPORT_NS(ns)
> #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
> #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
>
>diff --git a/include/linux/module.h b/include/linux/module.h
>index d44df9b2c131..afab4e8fa188 100644
>--- a/include/linux/module.h
>+++ b/include/linux/module.h
>@@ -268,6 +268,12 @@ void *__symbol_get(const char *symbol);
> void *__symbol_get_gpl(const char *symbol);
> #define symbol_get(x) ((typeof(&x))(__symbol_get(VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(x))))
>
>+/* namespace dependencies of the module */
>+struct module_ns_dep {
>+ struct list_head ns_dep;
>+ const char *namespace;
>+};
>+
> /* modules using other modules: kdb wants to see this. */
> struct module_use {
> struct list_head source_list;
>@@ -359,6 +365,13 @@ struct module {
> const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_syms;
> const s32 *gpl_crcs;
>
>+ /* Namespace imports */
>+ unsigned int num_ns_imports;
>+ const struct namespace_import *ns_imports;
>+
>+ /* Namespace dependencies */
>+ struct list_head ns_dependencies;
>+
> #ifdef CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS
> /* unused exported symbols. */
> const struct kernel_symbol *unused_syms;
>diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
>index f475f30eed8c..63de0fe849f9 100644
>--- a/kernel/module.c
>+++ b/kernel/module.c
>@@ -1166,6 +1166,51 @@ static inline int module_unload_init(struct module *mod)
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD */
>
>+static bool module_has_ns_dependency(struct module *mod, const char *ns)
>+{
>+ struct module_ns_dep *ns_dep;
>+
>+ list_for_each_entry(ns_dep, &mod->ns_dependencies, ns_dep) {
>+ if (strcmp(ns_dep->namespace, ns) == 0)
>+ return true;
>+ }
>+
>+ return false;
>+}
>+
>+static int add_module_ns_dependency(struct module *mod, const char *ns)
>+{
>+ struct module_ns_dep *ns_dep;
>+
>+ if (module_has_ns_dependency(mod, ns))
>+ return 0;
>+
>+ ns_dep = kmalloc(sizeof(*ns_dep), GFP_ATOMIC);
>+ if (!ns_dep)
>+ return -ENOMEM;
>+
>+ ns_dep->namespace = ns;
>+
>+ list_add(&ns_dep->ns_dep, &mod->ns_dependencies);
>+
>+ return 0;
>+}
>+
>+static bool module_imports_ns(struct module *mod, const char *ns)
>+{
>+ size_t i;
>+
>+ if (!ns)
>+ return true;
>+
>+ for (i = 0; i < mod->num_ns_imports; ++i) {
>+ if (!strcmp(mod->ns_imports[i].namespace, ns))
>+ return true;
>+ }
>+
>+ return false;
>+}
>+
> static size_t module_flags_taint(struct module *mod, char *buf)
> {
> size_t l = 0;
>@@ -1415,6 +1460,18 @@ static const struct kernel_symbol *resolve_symbol(struct module *mod,
> goto getname;
> }
>
>+ /*
>+ * We can't yet verify that the module actually imports this
>+ * namespace, because the imports themselves are only available
>+ * after processing the symbol table and doing relocation; so
>+ * instead just record the dependency and check later.
>+ */
>+ if (sym->namespace) {
>+ err = add_module_ns_dependency(mod, sym->namespace);
>+ if (err)
>+ sym = ERR_PTR(err);
>+ }
>+

First, thanks a lot for the patchset. This is definitely something that
will help distros as well to declutter the exported symbol space and
provide a more cleanly defined kernel interface.

Hm, I'm wondering if we could avoid all this extra module-ns-dependency
checking work if we just put the import stuff as a modinfo tag, like
have MODULE_IMPORT_NS() insert an "import:" tag like we already do for
module parameters, author, license, aliases, etc. Then we'd have that
information pretty much from the start of load_module() and we don't
need to wait for relocations to be applied to __knsimport. Then you
could do the namespace checking right at resolve_symbol() instead of
going through the extra step of building a dependency list to be
verified later.

Also, this would get rid of the extra __knsimport section, the extra
ns_dependencies field in struct module, and all those helper functions that
manage it. In addition, having the modinfo tag may potentially help with
debugging as we have the namespace imports clearly listed if we don't have
the source code for a module. We'd probably need to modify get_modinfo() to
handle multiple import: tags though. Luis [1] had written some code a while
ago to handle multiple (of the same) modinfo tags.

Thoughts on this?

Thanks,

Jessica
[1] https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171130023605.29568-3-mcgrof@kernel.org

> getname:
> /* We must make copy under the lock if we failed to get ref. */
> strncpy(ownername, module_name(owner), MODULE_NAME_LEN);
>@@ -3061,6 +3118,11 @@ static int find_module_sections(struct module *mod, struct load_info *info)
> sizeof(*mod->gpl_syms),
> &mod->num_gpl_syms);
> mod->gpl_crcs = section_addr(info, "__kcrctab_gpl");
>+
>+ mod->ns_imports = section_objs(info, "__knsimport",
>+ sizeof(*mod->ns_imports),
>+ &mod->num_ns_imports);
>+
> mod->gpl_future_syms = section_objs(info,
> "__ksymtab_gpl_future",
> sizeof(*mod->gpl_future_syms),
>@@ -3381,6 +3443,19 @@ static int post_relocation(struct module *mod, const struct load_info *info)
> return module_finalize(info->hdr, info->sechdrs, mod);
> }
>
>+static void verify_namespace_dependencies(struct module *mod)
>+{
>+ struct module_ns_dep *ns_dep;
>+
>+ list_for_each_entry(ns_dep, &mod->ns_dependencies, ns_dep) {
>+ if (!module_imports_ns(mod, ns_dep->namespace)) {
>+ pr_warn("%s: module uses symbols from namespace %s,"
>+ " but does not import it.\n",
>+ mod->name, ns_dep->namespace);
>+ }
>+ }
>+}
>+
> /* Is this module of this name done loading? No locks held. */
> static bool finished_loading(const char *name)
> {
>@@ -3682,6 +3757,8 @@ static int load_module(struct load_info *info, const char __user *uargs,
> if (err)
> goto free_module;
>
>+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mod->ns_dependencies);
>+
> #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG
> mod->sig_ok = info->sig_ok;
> if (!mod->sig_ok) {
>@@ -3730,6 +3807,8 @@ static int load_module(struct load_info *info, const char __user *uargs,
> if (err < 0)
> goto free_modinfo;
>
>+ verify_namespace_dependencies(mod);
>+
> flush_module_icache(mod);
>
> /* Now copy in args */
>--
>2.18.0.203.gfac676dfb9-goog
>

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