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Subject[PATCH 4/4][RFC v2] tools: create power/crypto utility
Date
crypto_hibernate is a user-space utility to generate
512bits key and pass it to the kernel via ioctl
for hibernation encryption.(We can also add the key
into kernel via keyctl if necessary.)

The key derivation is based on a simplified implementation
of PBKDF2[1] in e2fsprogs - both the key length and the hash
bytes are the same - 512bits. crypto_hibernate will firstly
read the salt from kernel and probe the user for passphrase,
then uses the salt of passphrase to generate a 512bits key
based on PBKDF2.

Usage:
1. install the kernel module:
modprobe crypto_hibernation
2. run this tool to generate the key from
user provided passphrase (salt has been read from kernel).
3. launch the hibernation process, the kernel
uses the key in step 2 to encrypt the
hibernation snapshot.
4. resume the system and the initrd will
launch cryto_hibernate to read previous salt
from kernel and probe the user passphrase
and generate the same key.
5. kernel uses this key to decrypt the hibernation
snapshot and restore to previous system.

[1] https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2898.txt (5.2 PBKDF2)

Suggested-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Suggested-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers3@gmail.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
Cc: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
Cc: Eric Biggers <ebiggers3@gmail.com>
Cc: Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
Cc: Denis Kenzior <denkenz@gmail.com>
Cc: "Lee, Chun-Yi" <jlee@suse.com>
Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com>
---
tools/power/crypto/Makefile | 24 ++
tools/power/crypto/crypto_hibernate.c | 462 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 486 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/power/crypto/Makefile
create mode 100644 tools/power/crypto/crypto_hibernate.c

diff --git a/tools/power/crypto/Makefile b/tools/power/crypto/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3544e64
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/power/crypto/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+CC = $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
+BUILD_OUTPUT := $(CURDIR)
+PREFIX ?= /usr
+DESTDIR ?=
+
+ifeq ("$(origin O)", "command line")
+ BUILD_OUTPUT := $(O)
+endif
+
+crypto_hibernate : crypto_hibernate.c
+CFLAGS += -Wall
+
+%: %.c
+ @mkdir -p $(BUILD_OUTPUT)
+ $(CC) $(CFLAGS) $< -o $(BUILD_OUTPUT)/$@
+
+.PHONY : clean
+clean :
+ @rm -f $(BUILD_OUTPUT)/crypto_hibernate
+
+install : crypto_hibernate
+ install -d $(DESTDIR)$(PREFIX)/bin
+ install $(BUILD_OUTPUT)/crypto_hibernate $(DESTDIR)$(PREFIX)/bin/crypto_hibernate
diff --git a/tools/power/crypto/crypto_hibernate.c b/tools/power/crypto/crypto_hibernate.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..10de295
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/power/crypto/crypto_hibernate.c
@@ -0,0 +1,462 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * The key based derived function algorithm for hibernation
+ * (copied from e2fsprogs)
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004 Sam Hocevar <sam@hocevar.net>
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Yu Chen <yu.c.chen@intel.com>
+ *
+ * The key derivation is based on a simplified implementation
+ * of PBKDF2 in e2fsprogs - both the key length and the hash
+ * bytes are the same - 512bits. crypto_hibernate will firstly
+ * reads the salt from kernel and probe the user for passphrase,
+ * then uses them to generate a 512bits key by SHA512 hash and PBKDF2.
+ *
+ * A typical usage:
+ * 1. install the kernel module:
+ * modprobe crypto_hibernation
+ * 2. run this tool to generate the key from
+ * user provided passphrase. (salt is read from kernel)
+ * 3. launch the hibernation process, the kernel
+ * uses the key from step 2 to encrypt the
+ * hibernation snapshot.
+ * 4. resume the system and the initrd will
+ * launch cryto_hibernate to read previous salt
+ * from kernel and then probe the user passphrase
+ * and finally generate the same key.
+ * 5. kernel uses this key to decrypt the hibernation
+ * snapshot.
+ *
+ * %Begin-Header%
+ * This file may be redistributed under the terms of the GNU Library
+ * General Public License, version 2.
+ * %End-Header%
+ */
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/syscall.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <termios.h>
+
+#if HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#endif
+
+#define PBKDF2_ITERATIONS 0xFFFF
+#define SHA512_BLOCKSIZE 128
+#define SHA512_LENGTH 64
+#define HIBERNATE_MAX_SALT_BYTES 16
+#define HIBERNATE_MAX_KEY_BYTES SHA512_LENGTH
+#define MAX_PASSPHRASE_SIZE 1024
+
+/*
+ * Add more encryption algorithm here, but need
+ * to add corresponding support in kernel too.
+ */
+#define HIBERNATE_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS 1
+
+/* Same structure as kernel */
+struct hibernation_crypto_keys {
+ char derived_key[HIBERNATE_MAX_KEY_BYTES];
+ char salt[HIBERNATE_MAX_SALT_BYTES];
+ int contents_encryption_mode;
+ int user_key_valid;
+};
+
+struct hibernation_crypto_keys hib_keys;
+
+static char *get_key_ptr(void)
+{
+ return hib_keys.derived_key;
+}
+
+static char *get_salt_ptr(void)
+{
+ return hib_keys.salt;
+}
+
+static const unsigned int K[64] = {
+ 0x428a2f98UL, 0x71374491UL, 0xb5c0fbcfUL, 0xe9b5dba5UL, 0x3956c25bUL,
+ 0x59f111f1UL, 0x923f82a4UL, 0xab1c5ed5UL, 0xd807aa98UL, 0x12835b01UL,
+ 0x243185beUL, 0x550c7dc3UL, 0x72be5d74UL, 0x80deb1feUL, 0x9bdc06a7UL,
+ 0xc19bf174UL, 0xe49b69c1UL, 0xefbe4786UL, 0x0fc19dc6UL, 0x240ca1ccUL,
+ 0x2de92c6fUL, 0x4a7484aaUL, 0x5cb0a9dcUL, 0x76f988daUL, 0x983e5152UL,
+ 0xa831c66dUL, 0xb00327c8UL, 0xbf597fc7UL, 0xc6e00bf3UL, 0xd5a79147UL,
+ 0x06ca6351UL, 0x14292967UL, 0x27b70a85UL, 0x2e1b2138UL, 0x4d2c6dfcUL,
+ 0x53380d13UL, 0x650a7354UL, 0x766a0abbUL, 0x81c2c92eUL, 0x92722c85UL,
+ 0xa2bfe8a1UL, 0xa81a664bUL, 0xc24b8b70UL, 0xc76c51a3UL, 0xd192e819UL,
+ 0xd6990624UL, 0xf40e3585UL, 0x106aa070UL, 0x19a4c116UL, 0x1e376c08UL,
+ 0x2748774cUL, 0x34b0bcb5UL, 0x391c0cb3UL, 0x4ed8aa4aUL, 0x5b9cca4fUL,
+ 0x682e6ff3UL, 0x748f82eeUL, 0x78a5636fUL, 0x84c87814UL, 0x8cc70208UL,
+ 0x90befffaUL, 0xa4506cebUL, 0xbef9a3f7UL, 0xc67178f2UL
+};
+
+/* Various logical functions */
+#define Ch(x, y, z) (z ^ (x & (y ^ z)))
+#define Maj(x, y, z) (((x | y) & z) | (x & y))
+#define S(x, n) RORc((x), (n))
+#define R(x, n) (((x)&0xFFFFFFFFUL)>>(n))
+#define Sigma0(x) (S(x, 2) ^ S(x, 13) ^ S(x, 22))
+#define Sigma1(x) (S(x, 6) ^ S(x, 11) ^ S(x, 25))
+#define Gamma0(x) (S(x, 7) ^ S(x, 18) ^ R(x, 3))
+#define Gamma1(x) (S(x, 17) ^ S(x, 19) ^ R(x, 10))
+#define RORc(x, y) \
+ (((((unsigned int)(x)&0xFFFFFFFFUL)>>(unsigned int)((y)&31)) |\
+ ((unsigned int)(x)<<(unsigned int)(32-((y)&31)))) & 0xFFFFFFFFUL)
+
+#define RND(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) \
+ do { \
+ t0 = h + Sigma1(e) + Ch(e, f, g) + K[i] + W[i]; \
+ t1 = Sigma0(a) + Maj(a, b, c); \
+ d += t0; \
+ h = t0 + t1; \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define STORE64H(x, y) \
+ do { \
+ (y)[0] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>56)&255);\
+ (y)[1] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>48)&255);\
+ (y)[2] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>40)&255);\
+ (y)[3] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>32)&255);\
+ (y)[4] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>24)&255);\
+ (y)[5] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>16)&255);\
+ (y)[6] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>8)&255);\
+ (y)[7] = (unsigned char)((x)&255); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define STORE32H(x, y) \
+ do { \
+ (y)[0] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>24)&255);\
+ (y)[1] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>16)&255);\
+ (y)[2] = (unsigned char)(((x)>>8)&255);\
+ (y)[3] = (unsigned char)((x)&255); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define LOAD32H(x, y) \
+ (x = ((unsigned int)((y)[0] & 255)<<24) |\
+ ((unsigned int)((y)[1] & 255)<<16) |\
+ ((unsigned int)((y)[2] & 255)<<8) |\
+ ((unsigned int)((y)[3] & 255)))
+
+struct sha512_state {
+ unsigned long long length;
+ unsigned int state[8], curlen;
+ unsigned char buf[64];
+};
+
+/* This is a highly simplified version from libtomcrypt */
+struct hash_state {
+ struct sha512_state sha512;
+};
+
+static void sha512_compress(struct hash_state *md,
+ const unsigned char *buf)
+{
+ unsigned int S[8], W[64], t0, t1;
+ unsigned int t;
+ int i;
+
+ /* copy state into S */
+ for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+ S[i] = md->sha512.state[i];
+
+ /* copy the state into 512-bits into W[0..15] */
+ for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
+ LOAD32H(W[i], buf + (4*i));
+
+ /* fill W[16..63] */
+ for (i = 16; i < 64; i++)
+ W[i] = Gamma1(W[i - 2]) + W[i - 7] +
+ Gamma0(W[i - 15]) + W[i - 16];
+
+ /* Compress */
+ for (i = 0; i < 64; ++i) {
+ RND(S[0], S[1], S[2], S[3], S[4], S[5], S[6], S[7], i);
+ t = S[7]; S[7] = S[6]; S[6] = S[5]; S[5] = S[4];
+ S[4] = S[3]; S[3] = S[2]; S[2] = S[1]; S[1] = S[0]; S[0] = t;
+ }
+
+ /* feedback */
+ for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+ md->sha512.state[i] = md->sha512.state[i] + S[i];
+}
+
+static void sha512_init(struct hash_state *md)
+{
+ md->sha512.curlen = 0;
+ md->sha512.length = 0;
+ md->sha512.state[0] = 0x6A09E667UL;
+ md->sha512.state[1] = 0xBB67AE85UL;
+ md->sha512.state[2] = 0x3C6EF372UL;
+ md->sha512.state[3] = 0xA54FF53AUL;
+ md->sha512.state[4] = 0x510E527FUL;
+ md->sha512.state[5] = 0x9B05688CUL;
+ md->sha512.state[6] = 0x1F83D9ABUL;
+ md->sha512.state[7] = 0x5BE0CD19UL;
+}
+
+#define MIN(x, y) (((x) < (y))?(x):(y))
+
+static void sha512_process(struct hash_state *md,
+ const unsigned char *in, unsigned long inlen)
+{
+ unsigned long n;
+
+ while (inlen > 0) {
+ if (md->sha512.curlen == 0 && inlen >= SHA512_BLOCKSIZE) {
+ sha512_compress(md, in);
+ md->sha512.length += SHA512_BLOCKSIZE * 8;
+ in += SHA512_BLOCKSIZE;
+ inlen -= SHA512_BLOCKSIZE;
+ } else {
+ n = MIN(inlen, (SHA512_BLOCKSIZE - md->sha512.curlen));
+ memcpy(md->sha512.buf + md->sha512.curlen,
+ in, (size_t)n);
+ md->sha512.curlen += n;
+ in += n;
+ inlen -= n;
+ if (md->sha512.curlen == SHA512_BLOCKSIZE) {
+ sha512_compress(md, md->sha512.buf);
+ md->sha512.length += 8*SHA512_BLOCKSIZE;
+ md->sha512.curlen = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void sha512_done(struct hash_state *md, unsigned char *out)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ /* increase the length of the message */
+ md->sha512.length += md->sha512.curlen * 8;
+
+ /* append the '1' bit */
+ md->sha512.buf[md->sha512.curlen++] = (unsigned char)0x80;
+
+ /* if the length is currently above 56 bytes we append zeros
+ * then compress. Then we can fall back to padding zeros and length
+ * encoding like normal.
+ */
+ if (md->sha512.curlen > 56) {
+ while (md->sha512.curlen < 64)
+ md->sha512.buf[md->sha512.curlen++] = (unsigned char)0;
+
+ sha512_compress(md, md->sha512.buf);
+ md->sha512.curlen = 0;
+ }
+
+ /* pad upto 56 bytes of zeroes */
+ while (md->sha512.curlen < 56)
+ md->sha512.buf[md->sha512.curlen++] = (unsigned char)0;
+
+ /* store length */
+ STORE64H(md->sha512.length, md->sha512.buf+56);
+ sha512_compress(md, md->sha512.buf);
+
+ /* copy output */
+ for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+ STORE32H(md->sha512.state[i], out+(4*i));
+}
+
+static void start_sha512(const unsigned char *in, unsigned long in_size,
+ unsigned char out[SHA512_LENGTH])
+{
+ struct hash_state md;
+
+ sha512_init(&md);
+ sha512_process(&md, in, in_size);
+ sha512_done(&md, out);
+}
+
+static void pbkdf2_sha512(const char *passphrase, const char *salt,
+ unsigned int count,
+ char *derived_key)
+{
+ size_t passphrase_size = strlen(passphrase);
+ unsigned char buf[SHA512_LENGTH + MAX_PASSPHRASE_SIZE] = {0};
+ unsigned char tempbuf[SHA512_LENGTH] = {0};
+ char final[SHA512_LENGTH] = {0};
+ unsigned char saltbuf[HIBERNATE_MAX_SALT_BYTES +
+ MAX_PASSPHRASE_SIZE] = {0};
+ int actual_buf_len = SHA512_LENGTH + passphrase_size;
+ int actual_saltbuf_len = HIBERNATE_MAX_SALT_BYTES + passphrase_size;
+ unsigned int x, y;
+ unsigned int *final_u32 = (unsigned int *)final;
+ unsigned int *temp_u32 = (unsigned int *)tempbuf;
+
+ memcpy(saltbuf, salt, HIBERNATE_MAX_SALT_BYTES);
+ memcpy(&saltbuf[HIBERNATE_MAX_SALT_BYTES], passphrase, passphrase_size);
+ memcpy(&buf[SHA512_LENGTH], passphrase, passphrase_size);
+
+ for (x = 0; x < count; ++x) {
+ if (x == 0) {
+ start_sha512(saltbuf, actual_saltbuf_len, tempbuf);
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * buf: [previous hash || passphrase]
+ */
+ memcpy(buf, tempbuf, SHA512_LENGTH);
+ start_sha512(buf, actual_buf_len, tempbuf);
+ }
+ for (y = 0; y < (sizeof(final) / sizeof(*final_u32)); ++y)
+ final_u32[y] = final_u32[y] ^ temp_u32[y];
+ }
+ memcpy(derived_key, final, HIBERNATE_MAX_KEY_BYTES);
+}
+
+#define HIBERNATE_SALT_READ _IOW('C', 0x18, int)
+#define HIBERNATE_KEY_WRITE _IOW('C', 0x19, int)
+
+static int disable_echo(struct termios *saved_settings)
+{
+ struct termios current_settings;
+ int rc = 0;
+
+ rc = tcgetattr(0, &current_settings);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ *saved_settings = current_settings;
+ current_settings.c_lflag &= ~ECHO;
+ rc = tcsetattr(0, TCSANOW, &current_settings);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static void get_passphrase(char *passphrase, int len)
+{
+ char *p;
+ struct termios current_settings;
+
+ assert(len > 0);
+ disable_echo(&current_settings);
+ p = fgets(passphrase, len, stdin);
+ tcsetattr(0, TCSANOW, &current_settings);
+ printf("\n");
+ if (!p) {
+ printf("Aborting.\n");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ p = strrchr(passphrase, '\n');
+ if (!p)
+ p = passphrase + len - 1;
+ *p = '\0';
+}
+
+#define CRYPTO_FILE "/dev/crypto_hibernate"
+
+static int write_keys(void)
+{
+ int fd, ret;
+
+ fd = open(CRYPTO_FILE, O_RDWR);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ printf("Cannot open device file...\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ /* Choose xts(aes) encryption for now */
+ hib_keys.contents_encryption_mode =
+ HIBERNATE_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS;
+
+ ret = ioctl(fd, HIBERNATE_KEY_WRITE, &hib_keys);
+ if (ret) {
+ printf("ioctl write key failed with return val (%d)\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int read_salt(void)
+{
+ int fd, ret;
+
+ fd = open(CRYPTO_FILE, O_RDWR);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ printf("Cannot open device file...\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ ret = ioctl(fd, HIBERNATE_SALT_READ, get_salt_ptr());
+ if (ret) {
+ printf("ioctl read salt failed with return val (%d)\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int key_derive_from_passphrase(const char *pass)
+{
+ /* Need to get salt from
+ * kernel first.
+ */
+ if (read_salt())
+ exit(1);
+ /*
+ * Derive key by using passphrase and salt,
+ * and store the derived key in key buffer.
+ * Then pass this key to the kernel.
+ */
+ pbkdf2_sha512(pass, get_salt_ptr(), PBKDF2_ITERATIONS, get_key_ptr());
+ if (write_keys())
+ exit(1);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void help(void)
+{
+ printf(
+ "Usage: crypto_hibernate [OPTIONS]\n"
+ "-p passphrase [or probed from user if not given]\n");
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ int opt, option_index = 0, has_passphrase = 0;
+ char in_passphrase[MAX_PASSPHRASE_SIZE];
+
+ while ((opt = getopt_long_only(argc, argv, "+p:h",
+ NULL, &option_index)) != -1) {
+ switch (opt) {
+ case 'p':
+ {
+ char *p = optarg;
+
+ if (strlen(p) >= MAX_PASSPHRASE_SIZE) {
+ printf("Max length:%d bytes.\n",
+ MAX_PASSPHRASE_SIZE-1);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ strcpy(in_passphrase, p);
+ has_passphrase = 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ case 'h':
+ default:
+ help();
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* No passphrase specified, probe from user... */
+ if (!has_passphrase) {
+ printf("Enter passphrase (echo disabled): ");
+ get_passphrase(in_passphrase, sizeof(in_passphrase));
+ }
+
+ if (key_derive_from_passphrase(in_passphrase))
+ exit(1);
+
+ return 0;
+}
--
2.7.4
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