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SubjectRe: [PATCH] block: fix NPE when resuming SCSI devices using blk-mq
On Fri, Jul 13, 2018 at 09:41:41PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> On Fri, Jul 13, 2018 at 9:29 PM, Patrick Steinhardt <ps@pks.im> wrote:
> > When power management for SCSI is enabled and if a device uses blk-mq,
> > it is possible to trigger a `NULL` pointer exception when resuming that
> > device. The NPE is triggered when trying to dereference the `request_fn`
> > function pointer of the device's `request_queue`:
> >
> > __blk_run_queue_uncond:470
> > __blk_run_queue:490
> > blk_post_runtime_resume:3889
> > sdev_runtime_resume:263
> > scsi_runtime_resume:275
> >
> > When the SCSI device is being allocated by `scsi_alloc_sdev`, the
> > device's request queue will either be initialized via
> > `scsi_mq_alloc_queue` or `scsi_old_alloc_queue`. But the `request_fn`
> > member of the request queue is in fact only being set in
> > `scsi_old_alloc_queue`, which will then later cause the mentioned NPE.
> >
> > Fix the issue by checking whether the `request_fn` is set in
> > `__blk_run_queue_uncond`. In case it is unset, we'll silently return and
> > not try to invoke the callback, thus fixing the NPE.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Patrick Steinhardt <ps@pks.im>
> > ---
> >
> > Since at least v4.14, I am easily able to trigger above NPE by
> > unplugging USB mass storage devices on my computer (Skylake, ASUS
> > Z170I) with CONFIG_SCSI_MQ_DEFAULT=y. The attached patch fixes
> > the issue, but keep in mind that this is my first patch, so the
> > proposed fix may not be appropriate at all. Feedback would be
> > highly appreciated.
> >
> > block/blk-core.c | 2 +-
> > 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
> > index f84a9b7b6f5a..0a2041660cd9 100644
> > --- a/block/blk-core.c
> > +++ b/block/blk-core.c
> > @@ -456,7 +456,7 @@ inline void __blk_run_queue_uncond(struct request_queue *q)
> > lockdep_assert_held(q->queue_lock);
> > WARN_ON_ONCE(q->mq_ops);
> >
> > - if (unlikely(blk_queue_dead(q)))
> > + if (unlikely(!q->request_fn) || unlikely(blk_queue_dead(q)))
> > return;
> >
>
> Now runtime PM is disabled for blk-mq/scsi_mq, not sure how this issue is
> triggered on your machine.
>
> Could you share the steps for reproducing this issue?

I bet that the issue stems from custom hotplugging scripts then,
which change the value of power/control. See the attachment of
this mail for all sysfs changes that are being performed after
plugging in the USB stick. Basically, the reproduction steps on
my machine are:

1. plug in USB stick (assumed to be /dev/sdb now)
2. wait a short amount of time
3. dd if=/dev/sdb of=/dev/null bs=4M
4. wait a short amount of time
5. unplug the USB stick, which immediately crashes the system

The issue isn't always reproducible, I think there is some
variance depending on how much time passes by at step 2 and/or 4.
It probably is related to the autosuspend delay. From my
experience the crash becomes more likely the longer I wait after
step 4.

Regards
Patrick
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/power/control -> on
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/scsi_host/host4/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/scsi_host/host4/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/scsi_device/4:0:0:0/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/bsg/4:0:0:0/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/scsi_device/4:0:0:0/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/bsg/4:0:0:0/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/virtual/bdi/8:16/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/scsi_disk/4:0:0:0/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/virtual/bdi/8:16/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/scsi_disk/4:0:0:0/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/block/sdb/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/block/sdb/sdb2/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/block/sdb/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/block/sdb/sdb2/power/control -> auto
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/block/sdb/sdb1/power/autosuspend_delay_ms -> 60000
/sys//devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/host4/target4:0:0/4:0:0:0/block/sdb/sdb1/power/control -> auto
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