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Subject[PATCH v6 09/13] filesystem-dax: Introduce dax_lock_mapping_entry()
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In preparation for implementing support for memory poison (media error)
handling via dax mappings, implement a lock_page() equivalent. Poison
error handling requires rmap and needs guarantees that the page->mapping
association is maintained / valid (inode not freed) for the duration of
the lookup.

In the device-dax case it is sufficient to simply hold a dev_pagemap
reference. In the filesystem-dax case we need to use the entry lock.

Export the entry lock via dax_lock_mapping_entry() that uses
rcu_read_lock() to protect against the inode being freed, and
revalidates the page->mapping association under xa_lock().

Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
fs/dax.c | 109 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
include/linux/dax.h | 13 ++++++
2 files changed, 116 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/dax.c b/fs/dax.c
index 4de11ed463ce..57ec272038da 100644
--- a/fs/dax.c
+++ b/fs/dax.c
@@ -226,8 +226,8 @@ static inline void *unlock_slot(struct address_space *mapping, void **slot)
*
* Must be called with the i_pages lock held.
*/
-static void *get_unlocked_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
- pgoff_t index, void ***slotp)
+static void *__get_unlocked_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
+ pgoff_t index, void ***slotp, bool (*wait_fn)(void))
{
void *entry, **slot;
struct wait_exceptional_entry_queue ewait;
@@ -237,6 +237,8 @@ static void *get_unlocked_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
ewait.wait.func = wake_exceptional_entry_func;

for (;;) {
+ bool revalidate;
+
entry = __radix_tree_lookup(&mapping->i_pages, index, NULL,
&slot);
if (!entry ||
@@ -251,14 +253,31 @@ static void *get_unlocked_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
prepare_to_wait_exclusive(wq, &ewait.wait,
TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
- schedule();
+ revalidate = wait_fn();
finish_wait(wq, &ewait.wait);
xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ if (revalidate)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN);
}
}

-static void dax_unlock_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
- pgoff_t index)
+static bool entry_wait(void)
+{
+ schedule();
+ /*
+ * Never return an ERR_PTR() from
+ * __get_unlocked_mapping_entry(), just keep looping.
+ */
+ return false;
+}
+
+static void *get_unlocked_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
+ pgoff_t index, void ***slotp)
+{
+ return __get_unlocked_mapping_entry(mapping, index, slotp, entry_wait);
+}
+
+static void unlock_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index)
{
void *entry, **slot;

@@ -277,7 +296,7 @@ static void dax_unlock_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
static void put_locked_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index)
{
- dax_unlock_mapping_entry(mapping, index);
+ unlock_mapping_entry(mapping, index);
}

/*
@@ -374,6 +393,84 @@ static struct page *dax_busy_page(void *entry)
return NULL;
}

+static bool entry_wait_revalidate(void)
+{
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ schedule();
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ /*
+ * Tell __get_unlocked_mapping_entry() to take a break, we need
+ * to revalidate page->mapping after dropping locks
+ */
+ return true;
+}
+
+bool dax_lock_mapping_entry(struct page *page)
+{
+ pgoff_t index;
+ struct inode *inode;
+ bool did_lock = false;
+ void *entry = NULL, **slot;
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ for (;;) {
+ mapping = READ_ONCE(page->mapping);
+
+ if (!dax_mapping(mapping))
+ break;
+
+ /*
+ * In the device-dax case there's no need to lock, a
+ * struct dev_pagemap pin is sufficient to keep the
+ * inode alive, and we assume we have dev_pagemap pin
+ * otherwise we would not have a valid pfn_to_page()
+ * translation.
+ */
+ inode = mapping->host;
+ if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode)) {
+ did_lock = true;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ if (mapping != page->mapping) {
+ xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ continue;
+ }
+ index = page->index;
+
+ entry = __get_unlocked_mapping_entry(mapping, index, &slot,
+ entry_wait_revalidate);
+ if (!entry) {
+ xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ break;
+ } else if (IS_ERR(entry)) {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(PTR_ERR(entry) != -EAGAIN);
+ continue;
+ }
+ lock_slot(mapping, slot);
+ did_lock = true;
+ xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ break;
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ return did_lock;
+}
+
+void dax_unlock_mapping_entry(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+
+ if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode))
+ return;
+
+ unlock_mapping_entry(mapping, page->index);
+}
+
/*
* Find radix tree entry at given index. If it points to an exceptional entry,
* return it with the radix tree entry locked. If the radix tree doesn't
diff --git a/include/linux/dax.h b/include/linux/dax.h
index 3855e3800f48..cf8ac51cf0d7 100644
--- a/include/linux/dax.h
+++ b/include/linux/dax.h
@@ -88,6 +88,8 @@ int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
struct block_device *bdev, struct writeback_control *wbc);

struct page *dax_layout_busy_page(struct address_space *mapping);
+bool dax_lock_mapping_entry(struct page *page);
+void dax_unlock_mapping_entry(struct page *page);
#else
static inline bool bdev_dax_supported(struct block_device *bdev,
int blocksize)
@@ -119,6 +121,17 @@ static inline int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
{
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
}
+
+static inline bool dax_lock_mapping_entry(struct page *page)
+{
+ if (IS_DAX(page->mapping->host))
+ return true;
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline void dax_unlock_mapping_entry(struct page *page)
+{
+}
#endif

int dax_read_lock(void);
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