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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC tip/core/rcu 1/2] rcu: Defer reporting RCU-preempt quiescent states when disabled
On Sun, Jul 01, 2018 at 10:40:45AM -0700, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 27, 2018 at 01:49:14PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > This commit defers reporting of RCU-preempt quiescent states at
> > rcu_read_unlock_special() time when any of interrupts, softirq, or
> > preemption are disabled. These deferred quiescent states are reported
> > at a later RCU_SOFTIRQ, context switch, idle entry, or CPU-hotplug
> > offline operation. Of course, if another RCU read-side critical
> > section has started in the meantime, the reporting of the quiescent
> > state will be further deferred.
> >
> > This also means that disabling preemption, interrupts, and/or
> > softirqs will act as an RCU-preempt read-side critical section.
> > This is enforced by checking preempt_count() as needed.
> >
> > Some special cases must be handled on an ad-hoc basis, for example,
> > context switch is a quiescent state even though both the scheduler and
> > do_exit() disable preemption. In these cases, additional calls to
> > rcu_preempt_deferred_qs() override the preemption disabling. Similar
> > logic overrides disabled interrupts in rcu_preempt_check_callbacks()
> > because in this case the quiescent state happened just before the
> > corresponding scheduling-clock interrupt.
> >
> > This change lifts a long-standing restriction that required that if
> > interrupts were disabled across a call to rcu_read_unlock() that the
> > matching rcu_read_lock() also be contained within that interrupts-disabled
> > region of code. Because the reporting of the corresponding RCU-preempt
> > quiescent state is now deferred until after interrupts have been enabled,
> > it is no longer possible for this situation to result in deadlocks
> > involving the scheduler's runqueue and priority-inheritance locks.
> > This may allow some code simplification that might reduce interrupt
> > latency a bit. Unfortunately, this would also defer deboosting a
> > low-priority task that had been subjected to RCU priority boosting,
> > so real-time-response considerations might well force this restriction
> > to remain in place.
> >
> > Because RCU-preempt grace periods are now blocked not only by RCU
> > read-side critical sections, but also by disabling of interrupts,
> > preemption, and softirqs, it will be possible to eliminate RCU-bh and
> > RCU-sched in favor of RCU-preempt in CONFIG_PREEMPT=y kernels. This may
> > require some additional plumbing to provide the network denial-of-service
> > guarantees that have been traditionally provided by RCU-bh. Once these
> > are in place, CONFIG_PREEMPT=n kernels will be able to fold RCU-bh
> > into RCU-sched. This would mean that all kernels would have but
> > one flavor of RCU, which would open the door to significant code
> > cleanup.
> >
> > Moving to a single flavor of RCU would also have the beneficial effect
> > of reducing the NOCB kthreads by at least a factor of two.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> [...]
> > diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> > index c1b17f5b9361..ff5c70eae47d 100644
> > --- a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> > +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> > @@ -371,6 +371,9 @@ static void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(bool preempt)
> > * behalf of preempted instance of __rcu_read_unlock().
> > */
> > rcu_read_unlock_special(t);
> > + rcu_preempt_deferred_qs(t);
> > + } else {
> > + rcu_preempt_deferred_qs(t);
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -464,54 +467,51 @@ static bool rcu_preempt_has_tasks(struct rcu_node *rnp)
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > - * Handle special cases during rcu_read_unlock(), such as needing to
> > - * notify RCU core processing or task having blocked during the RCU
> > - * read-side critical section.
> > + * Report deferred quiescent states. The deferral time can
> > + * be quite short, for example, in the case of the call from
> > + * rcu_read_unlock_special().
> > */
> > -static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
> > +static void
> > +rcu_preempt_deferred_qs_irqrestore(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long flags)
> > {
> > bool empty_exp;
> > bool empty_norm;
> > bool empty_exp_now;
> > - unsigned long flags;
> > struct list_head *np;
> > bool drop_boost_mutex = false;
> > struct rcu_data *rdp;
> > struct rcu_node *rnp;
> > union rcu_special special;
> >
> > - /* NMI handlers cannot block and cannot safely manipulate state. */
> > - if (in_nmi())
> > - return;
> > -
> > - local_irq_save(flags);
> > -
> > /*
> > * If RCU core is waiting for this CPU to exit its critical section,
> > * report the fact that it has exited. Because irqs are disabled,
> > * t->rcu_read_unlock_special cannot change.
> > */
> > special = t->rcu_read_unlock_special;
> > + rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rcu_state_p->rda);
> > + if (!special.s && !rdp->deferred_qs) {
> > + local_irq_restore(flags);
> > + return;
> > + }
> > if (special.b.need_qs) {
> > rcu_preempt_qs();
> > t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs = false;
> > - if (!t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s) {
> > + if (!t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s && !rdp->deferred_qs) {
> > local_irq_restore(flags);
> > return;
> > }
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > - * Respond to a request for an expedited grace period, but only if
> > - * we were not preempted, meaning that we were running on the same
> > - * CPU throughout. If we were preempted, the exp_need_qs flag
> > - * would have been cleared at the time of the first preemption,
> > - * and the quiescent state would be reported when we were dequeued.
> > + * Respond to a request by an expedited grace period for a
> > + * quiescent state from this CPU. Note that requests from
> > + * tasks are handled when removing the task from the
> > + * blocked-tasks list below.
> > */
> > - if (special.b.exp_need_qs) {
> > - WARN_ON_ONCE(special.b.blocked);
> > + if (special.b.exp_need_qs || rdp->deferred_qs) {
> > t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_need_qs = false;
> > - rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rcu_state_p->rda);
> > + rdp->deferred_qs = false;
> > rcu_report_exp_rdp(rcu_state_p, rdp, true);
> > if (!t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s) {
> > local_irq_restore(flags);
> > @@ -519,19 +519,6 @@ static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
> > }
> > }
> >
> > - /* Hardware IRQ handlers cannot block, complain if they get here. */
> > - if (in_irq() || in_serving_softirq()) {
> > - lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__,
> > - "rcu_read_unlock() from irq or softirq with blocking in critical section!!!\n");
> > - pr_alert("->rcu_read_unlock_special: %#x (b: %d, enq: %d nq: %d)\n",
> > - t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s,
> > - t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.blocked,
> > - t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_need_qs,
> > - t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs);
> > - local_irq_restore(flags);
> > - return;
> > - }
> > -
> > /* Clean up if blocked during RCU read-side critical section. */
> > if (special.b.blocked) {
> > t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.blocked = false;
> > @@ -602,6 +589,66 @@ static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
> > }
> > }
> >
> > +/*
> > + * Is a deferred quiescent-state pending, and are we also not in
> > + * an RCU read-side critical section? It is the caller's responsibility
> > + * to ensure it is otherwise safe to report any deferred quiescent
> > + * states. The reason for this is that it is safe to report a
> > + * quiescent state during context switch even though preemption
> > + * is disabled. This function cannot be expected to understand these
> > + * nuances, so the caller must handle them.
> > + */
> > +static bool rcu_preempt_need_deferred_qs(struct task_struct *t)
> > +{
> > + return (this_cpu_ptr(&rcu_preempt_data)->deferred_qs ||
> > + READ_ONCE(t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s)) &&
> > + !t->rcu_read_lock_nesting;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Report a deferred quiescent state if needed and safe to do so.
> > + * As with rcu_preempt_need_deferred_qs(), "safe" involves only
> > + * not being in an RCU read-side critical section. The caller must
> > + * evaluate safety in terms of interrupt, softirq, and preemption
> > + * disabling.
> > + */
> > +static void rcu_preempt_deferred_qs(struct task_struct *t)
> > +{
> > + unsigned long flags;
> > +
> > + if (!rcu_preempt_need_deferred_qs(t))
> > + return;
> > + local_irq_save(flags);
> > + rcu_preempt_deferred_qs_irqrestore(t, flags);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Handle special cases during rcu_read_unlock(), such as needing to
> > + * notify RCU core processing or task having blocked during the RCU
> > + * read-side critical section.
> > + */
> > +static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
> > +{
> > + unsigned long flags;
> > + bool preempt_bh_were_disabled = !!(preempt_count() & ~HARDIRQ_MASK);
>
> Would it be better to just test for those bits just to be safe the higher
> order bits don't bleed in, such as PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED, something like the
> following based on the 'dev' branch?

Good point! My plan is to merge it into the original commit with
attribution. Please let me know if you have objections.

Thanx, Paul

> thanks,
>
> - Joel
>
> ---8<-----------------------
>
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> index dfeca11c9fe7..ca7cfdf422f1 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> @@ -626,7 +626,8 @@ static void rcu_preempt_deferred_qs(struct task_struct *t)
> static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
> {
> unsigned long flags;
> - bool preempt_bh_were_disabled = !!(preempt_count() & ~HARDIRQ_MASK);
> + bool preempt_bh_were_disabled = !!(preempt_count() &
> + (PREEMPT_MASK | SOFTIRQ_MASK));
> bool irqs_were_disabled;
>
> /* NMI handlers cannot block and cannot safely manipulate state. */
>

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