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Subject[RFC net-next 11/15] net: lora: Add IMST WiMOD
Date
The IMST WiMOD uses a SLIP based binary UART protocol. Two separate
firmwares are available. By default it ships with a LoRaWAN firmware.
The alternative firmware is a custom P2P addressing mode based on LoRa.

Cc: Jon Ortego <Jon.Ortego@imst.de>
Signed-off-by: Andreas Färber <afaerber@suse.de>
---
drivers/net/lora/Kconfig | 8 +
drivers/net/lora/Makefile | 3 +
drivers/net/lora/wimod.c | 597 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 608 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/net/lora/wimod.c

diff --git a/drivers/net/lora/Kconfig b/drivers/net/lora/Kconfig
index 940bd2cbe106..2e05caef8645 100644
--- a/drivers/net/lora/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/net/lora/Kconfig
@@ -31,6 +31,14 @@ config LORA_SX1276
help
Semtech SX1272/1276/1278

+config LORA_WIMOD
+ tristate "IMST WiMOD driver"
+ default y
+ depends on SERIAL_DEV_BUS
+ select CRC_CCITT
+ help
+ IMST WiMOD
+
endif

endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/net/lora/Makefile b/drivers/net/lora/Makefile
index 07839c3ce9f8..ecb326c859a5 100644
--- a/drivers/net/lora/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/net/lora/Makefile
@@ -15,3 +15,6 @@ lora-rn2483-y += rn2483_cmd.o

obj-$(CONFIG_LORA_SX1276) += lora-sx1276.o
lora-sx1276-y := sx1276.o
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_LORA_WIMOD) += lora-wimod.o
+lora-wimod-y := wimod.o
diff --git a/drivers/net/lora/wimod.c b/drivers/net/lora/wimod.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a70d5a6dc7c4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/net/lora/wimod.c
@@ -0,0 +1,597 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+/*
+ * IMST WiMOD
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2017-2018 Andreas Färber
+ */
+
+#include <linux/crc-ccitt.h>
+#include <linux/lora.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/netdevice.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/serdev.h>
+
+#define WIMOD_HCI_PAYLOAD_MAX 300
+#define WIMOD_HCI_PACKET_MAX (1 + (2 + WIMOD_HCI_PAYLOAD_MAX + 2) * 2 + 1)
+
+struct wimod_device {
+ struct serdev_device *serdev;
+
+ u8 rx_buf[WIMOD_HCI_PACKET_MAX];
+ int rx_len;
+ bool rx_esc;
+ struct list_head packet_dispatchers;
+};
+
+#define SLIP_END 0300
+#define SLIP_ESC 0333
+#define SLIP_ESC_END 0334
+#define SLIP_ESC_ESC 0335
+
+static inline void slip_print_bytes(const u8* buf, int len)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+ printk("%02x ", buf[i]);
+}
+
+static int slip_send_end(struct serdev_device *sdev, unsigned long timeout)
+{
+ u8 val = SLIP_END;
+
+ return serdev_device_write(sdev, &val, 1, timeout);
+}
+
+#if 0
+static int slip_send_data(struct serdev_device *sdev, const u8 *buf, int len,
+ unsigned long timeout)
+{
+ int last_idx = -1;
+ int i;
+ u8 esc[2] = { SLIP_ESC, 0 };
+ int ret;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ if (buf[i] != SLIP_END &&
+ buf[i] != SLIP_ESC)
+ continue;
+
+ slip_print_bytes(&buf[last_idx + 1], i - (last_idx + 1));
+
+ ret = serdev_device_write(sdev,
+ &buf[last_idx + 1], i - (last_idx + 1), timeout);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ switch (buf[i]) {
+ case SLIP_END:
+ esc[1] = SLIP_ESC_END;
+ break;
+ case SLIP_ESC:
+ esc[1] = SLIP_ESC_ESC;
+ break;
+ }
+ slip_print_bytes(esc, 2);
+ ret = serdev_device_write(sdev, esc, 2, timeout);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ last_idx = i;
+ }
+
+ slip_print_bytes(&buf[last_idx + 1], len - (last_idx + 1));
+
+ ret = serdev_device_write(sdev,
+ &buf[last_idx + 1], len - (last_idx + 1), timeout);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif
+
+static int slip_write_data(u8 *buf, int buf_len, const u8 *data, int data_len)
+{
+ int last_idx = -1;
+ int i, n;
+ int count = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < data_len; i++) {
+ if (data[i] != SLIP_END &&
+ data[i] != SLIP_ESC)
+ continue;
+
+ n = i - (last_idx + 1);
+ if (count + n + 2 > buf_len)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ memcpy(buf + count, &data[last_idx + 1], n);
+ count += n;
+
+ buf[count++] = SLIP_ESC;
+ switch (data[i]) {
+ case SLIP_END:
+ buf[count++] = SLIP_ESC_END;
+ break;
+ case SLIP_ESC:
+ buf[count++] = SLIP_ESC_ESC;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ last_idx = i;
+ }
+
+ n = data_len - (last_idx + 1);
+ if (count + n > buf_len)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ memcpy(buf + count, &data[last_idx + 1], n);
+ count += n;
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+#define DEVMGMT_ID 0x01
+
+#define DEVMGMT_MSG_PING_REQ 0x01
+#define DEVMGMT_MSG_PING_RSP 0x02
+#define DEVMGMT_MSG_GET_DEVICE_INFO_REQ 0x03
+#define DEVMGMT_MSG_GET_DEVICE_INFO_RSP 0x04
+#define DEVMGMT_MSG_GET_FW_INFO_REQ 0x05
+#define DEVMGMT_MSG_GET_FW_INFO_RSP 0x06
+
+#define DEVMGMT_STATUS_OK 0x00
+
+struct wimod_hci_packet_dispatcher {
+ struct list_head list;
+ u8 dst_id;
+ u8 msg_id;
+ void (*dispatchee)(const u8*, int, struct wimod_hci_packet_dispatcher *);
+ void *priv;
+};
+
+struct wimod_hci_packet_completion {
+ struct wimod_hci_packet_dispatcher disp;
+ struct completion comp;
+ char *payload;
+ int payload_len;
+};
+
+static void wimod_hci_add_dispatcher(struct wimod_device *wmdev,
+ struct wimod_hci_packet_dispatcher *entry)
+{
+ list_add_tail_rcu(&entry->list, &wmdev->packet_dispatchers);
+}
+
+static void wimod_hci_remove_dispatcher(struct wimod_device *wmdev,
+ struct wimod_hci_packet_dispatcher *entry)
+{
+ list_del_rcu(&entry->list);
+}
+
+static void wimod_hci_packet_dispatch_completion(const u8 *data, int len,
+ struct wimod_hci_packet_dispatcher *d)
+{
+ struct wimod_hci_packet_completion *disp =
+ container_of(d, struct wimod_hci_packet_completion, disp);
+
+ if (completion_done(&disp->comp))
+ return;
+
+ disp->payload_len = len - 2;
+ disp->payload = kzalloc(disp->payload_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (disp->payload)
+ memcpy(disp->payload, data + 2, len - 2);
+
+ complete(&disp->comp);
+}
+
+static int wimod_hci_send(struct serdev_device *sdev,
+ u8 dst_id, u8 msg_id, const u8 *payload, int payload_len,
+ unsigned long timeout)
+{
+ u8 buf[WIMOD_HCI_PACKET_MAX];
+ int buf_len = 0;
+ u16 crc = 0xffff;
+ int ret, i;
+
+ if (payload_len > WIMOD_HCI_PAYLOAD_MAX)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 30; i++) {
+ ret = slip_send_end(sdev, timeout);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "%s: wakeup END %d failed\n", __func__, i);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ crc = crc_ccitt_byte(crc, dst_id);
+ crc = crc_ccitt_byte(crc, msg_id);
+ if (payload_len > 0)
+ crc = crc_ccitt(crc, payload, payload_len);
+ crc = ~crc;
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "sending: ");
+
+ /*ret = slip_send_end(sdev, timeout);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "%s: initial END failed\n", __func__);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = slip_send_data(sdev, &dst_id, 1, timeout);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "%s: dst_id failed\n", __func__);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = slip_send_data(sdev, &msg_id, 1, timeout);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "%s: msg_id failed\n", __func__);
+ return ret;
+ }*/
+
+ buf[buf_len++] = SLIP_END;
+
+ ret = slip_write_data(buf + buf_len, sizeof(buf) - buf_len, &dst_id, 1);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ buf_len += ret;
+
+ ret = slip_write_data(buf + buf_len, sizeof(buf) - buf_len, &msg_id, 1);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ buf_len += ret;
+
+ if (payload_len > 0) {
+ /*ret = slip_send_data(sdev, payload, payload_len, timeout);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "%s: payload failed\n", __func__);
+ return ret;
+ }*/
+ ret = slip_write_data(buf + buf_len, sizeof(buf) - buf_len, payload, payload_len);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ buf_len += ret;
+ }
+
+ cpu_to_le16s(crc);
+ /*ret = slip_send_data(sdev, (u8 *)&crc, 2, timeout);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "%s: FCS failed\n", __func__);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = slip_send_end(sdev, timeout);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "%s: trailing END failed\n", __func__);
+ return ret;
+ }*/
+
+ ret = slip_write_data(buf + buf_len, sizeof(buf) - buf_len, (u8 *)&crc, 2);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ buf_len += ret;
+
+ buf[buf_len++] = SLIP_END;
+
+ slip_print_bytes(buf, buf_len);
+
+ return serdev_device_write(sdev, buf, buf_len, timeout);
+
+ //printk("\n");
+
+ //return 0;
+}
+
+static int wimod_hci_devmgmt_status(u8 status)
+{
+ switch (status) {
+ case DEVMGMT_STATUS_OK:
+ return 0;
+ default:
+ pr_info("DEVMGMT status %u\n", (int)status);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+}
+
+static int wimod_hci_devmgmt_send_sync(struct wimod_device *wmdev,
+ u8 req_msg_id, const u8 *req_payload, int req_payload_len,
+ u8 rsp_msg_id, u8 **rsp_payload, int *rsp_payload_len,
+ unsigned long timeout)
+{
+ struct wimod_hci_packet_completion packet = {0};
+ int ret;
+
+ if (rsp_payload && !rsp_payload_len)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ packet.disp.dst_id = DEVMGMT_ID;
+ packet.disp.msg_id = rsp_msg_id;
+ packet.disp.dispatchee = wimod_hci_packet_dispatch_completion;
+ init_completion(&packet.comp);
+
+ wimod_hci_add_dispatcher(wmdev, &packet.disp);
+
+ ret = wimod_hci_send(wmdev->serdev, DEVMGMT_ID, req_msg_id, req_payload, req_payload_len, timeout);
+ if (ret) {
+ wimod_hci_remove_dispatcher(wmdev, &(packet.disp));
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ timeout = wait_for_completion_timeout(&packet.comp, timeout);
+ wimod_hci_remove_dispatcher(wmdev, &packet.disp);
+ if (!timeout)
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+ if (packet.payload_len < 1) {
+ kfree(packet.payload);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ ret = wimod_hci_devmgmt_status(packet.payload[0]);
+ if (ret || !rsp_payload)
+ kfree(packet.payload);
+ else if (rsp_payload) {
+ *rsp_payload = packet.payload;
+ *rsp_payload_len = packet.payload_len;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int wimod_hci_ping(struct wimod_device *wmdev, unsigned long timeout)
+{
+ return wimod_hci_devmgmt_send_sync(wmdev,
+ DEVMGMT_MSG_PING_REQ, NULL, 0,
+ DEVMGMT_MSG_PING_RSP, NULL, NULL,
+ timeout);
+}
+
+static int wimod_hci_get_device_info(struct wimod_device *wmdev, u8 *buf, unsigned long timeout)
+{
+ u8 *payload;
+ int payload_len;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = wimod_hci_devmgmt_send_sync(wmdev,
+ DEVMGMT_MSG_GET_DEVICE_INFO_REQ, NULL, 0,
+ DEVMGMT_MSG_GET_DEVICE_INFO_RSP, &payload, &payload_len,
+ timeout);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (payload_len < 10) {
+ dev_err(&wmdev->serdev->dev, "get_device_info: payload length (10)\n");
+ kfree(payload);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (buf)
+ memcpy(buf, payload + 1, min(payload_len - 1, 9));
+
+ kfree(payload);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int wimod_hci_get_fw_info(struct wimod_device *wmdev, u8 **info, int *info_len, unsigned long timeout)
+{
+ u8 *payload;
+ int payload_len;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (info && !info_len)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ret = wimod_hci_devmgmt_send_sync(wmdev,
+ DEVMGMT_MSG_GET_FW_INFO_REQ, NULL, 0,
+ DEVMGMT_MSG_GET_FW_INFO_RSP, &payload, &payload_len,
+ timeout);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (info) {
+ *info = payload + 1;
+ *info_len = payload_len - 1;
+ } else
+ kfree(payload);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void wimod_hci_get_fw_info_free(u8* info)
+{
+ u8 *payload = info - 1;
+
+ kfree(payload);
+}
+
+static void wimod_process_packet(struct serdev_device *sdev, const u8 *data, int len)
+{
+ struct wimod_device *wmdev = serdev_device_get_drvdata(sdev);
+ struct wimod_hci_packet_dispatcher *e;
+ u16 crc;
+
+ dev_info(&sdev->dev, "Processing incoming packet (%d)\n", len);
+
+ if (len < 4) {
+ dev_dbg(&sdev->dev, "Discarding packet of length %d\n", len);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ crc = ~crc_ccitt(0xffff, data, len);
+ if (crc != 0x0f47) {
+ dev_dbg(&sdev->dev, "Discarding packet with wrong checksum\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ list_for_each_entry(e, &wmdev->packet_dispatchers, list) {
+ if (e->dst_id == data[0] && e->msg_id == data[1]) {
+ e->dispatchee(data, len - 2, e);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static int wimod_receive_buf(struct serdev_device *sdev, const u8 *data, size_t count)
+{
+ struct wimod_device *wmdev = serdev_device_get_drvdata(sdev);
+ size_t i = 0;
+ int len = 0;
+
+ dev_dbg(&sdev->dev, "Receive (%d)\n", (int)count);
+
+ while (i < min(count, sizeof(wmdev->rx_buf) - wmdev->rx_len)) {
+ if (wmdev->rx_esc) {
+ wmdev->rx_esc = false;
+ switch (data[i]) {
+ case SLIP_ESC_END:
+ wmdev->rx_buf[wmdev->rx_len++] = SLIP_END;
+ break;
+ case SLIP_ESC_ESC:
+ wmdev->rx_buf[wmdev->rx_len++] = SLIP_ESC;
+ break;
+ default:
+ dev_warn(&sdev->dev, "Ignoring unknown escape sequence 0300 0%o\n", data[i]);
+ break;
+ }
+ len += i + 1;
+ data += i + 1;
+ count -= i + 1;
+ i = 0;
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (data[i] != SLIP_END &&
+ data[i] != SLIP_ESC) {
+ i++;
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (i > 0) {
+ memcpy(&wmdev->rx_buf[wmdev->rx_len], data, i);
+ wmdev->rx_len += i;
+ }
+ if (data[i] == SLIP_END && wmdev->rx_len > 0) {
+ wimod_process_packet(sdev, wmdev->rx_buf, wmdev->rx_len);
+ wmdev->rx_len = 0;
+ } else if (data[i] == SLIP_ESC) {
+ wmdev->rx_esc = true;
+ }
+ len += i + 1;
+ data += i + 1;
+ count -= i + 1;
+ i = 0;
+ }
+
+ dev_dbg(&sdev->dev, "Receive: processed %d\n", len);
+
+ return len;
+}
+
+static const struct serdev_device_ops wimod_serdev_client_ops = {
+ .receive_buf = wimod_receive_buf,
+ .write_wakeup = serdev_device_write_wakeup,
+};
+
+static int wimod_probe(struct serdev_device *sdev)
+{
+ struct wimod_device *wmdev;
+ u8 buf[9];
+ u8 *data;
+ int data_len;
+ int ret;
+
+ dev_info(&sdev->dev, "Probing");
+
+ wmdev = devm_kzalloc(&sdev->dev, sizeof(struct wimod_device), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!wmdev)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ wmdev->serdev = sdev;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wmdev->packet_dispatchers);
+ serdev_device_set_drvdata(sdev, wmdev);
+
+ ret = serdev_device_open(sdev);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "Failed to open (%d)\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ serdev_device_set_baudrate(sdev, 115200);
+ serdev_device_set_flow_control(sdev, false);
+ serdev_device_set_client_ops(sdev, &wimod_serdev_client_ops);
+
+ ret = wimod_hci_ping(wmdev, HZ);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "Ping failed (%d)\n", ret);
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ ret = wimod_hci_get_device_info(wmdev, buf, HZ);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "Failed to obtain device info (%d)\n", ret);
+ goto err;
+ }
+ dev_info(&sdev->dev, "Module type: 0x%02x\n", (int)buf[0]);
+
+ ret = wimod_hci_get_fw_info(wmdev, &data, &data_len, HZ);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&sdev->dev, "Failed to obtain firmware info (%d)\n", ret);
+ goto err;
+ }
+ dev_info(&sdev->dev, "Firmware: %u.%u build %u '%s'\n",
+ data[1], data[0], ((u16)data[3] << 8) | data[2], data + 4);
+ wimod_hci_get_fw_info_free(data);
+
+ dev_info(&sdev->dev, "Done.\n");
+
+ return 0;
+err:
+ serdev_device_close(sdev);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void wimod_remove(struct serdev_device *sdev)
+{
+ serdev_device_close(sdev);
+
+ dev_info(&sdev->dev, "Removed\n");
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id wimod_of_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "imst,wimod-hci" },
+ {}
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, wimod_of_match);
+
+static struct serdev_device_driver wimod_serdev_driver = {
+ .probe = wimod_probe,
+ .remove = wimod_remove,
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "wimod",
+ .of_match_table = wimod_of_match,
+ },
+};
+
+static int __init wimod_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = serdev_device_driver_register(&wimod_serdev_driver);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit wimod_exit(void)
+{
+ serdev_device_driver_unregister(&wimod_serdev_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(wimod_init);
+module_exit(wimod_exit);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("WiMOD serdev driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Andreas Färber <afaerber@suse.de>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
--
2.16.4
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