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Subject[PATCH 4.17 214/220] x86/e820: put !E820_TYPE_RAM regions into memblock.reserved
Date
4.17-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>

commit 124049decbb121ec32742c94fb5d9d6bed8f24d8 upstream.

There is a kernel panic that is triggered when reading /proc/kpageflags
on the kernel booted with kernel parameter 'memmap=nn[KMG]!ss[KMG]':

BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at fffffffffffffffe
PGD 9b20e067 P4D 9b20e067 PUD 9b210067 PMD 0
Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
CPU: 2 PID: 1728 Comm: page-types Not tainted 4.17.0-rc6-mm1-v4.17-rc6-180605-0816-00236-g2dfb086ef02c+ #160
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.11.0-2.fc28 04/01/2014
RIP: 0010:stable_page_flags+0x27/0x3c0
Code: 00 00 00 0f 1f 44 00 00 48 85 ff 0f 84 a0 03 00 00 41 54 55 49 89 fc 53 48 8b 57 08 48 8b 2f 48 8d 42 ff 83 e2 01 48 0f 44 c7 <48> 8b 00 f6 c4 01 0f 84 10 03 00 00 31 db 49 8b 54 24 08 4c 89 e7
RSP: 0018:ffffbbd44111fde0 EFLAGS: 00010202
RAX: fffffffffffffffe RBX: 00007fffffffeff9 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000202 RDI: ffffed1182fff5c0
RBP: ffffffffffffffff R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000001
R10: ffffbbd44111fed8 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffffed1182fff5c0
R13: 00000000000bffd7 R14: 0000000002fff5c0 R15: ffffbbd44111ff10
FS: 00007efc4335a500(0000) GS:ffff93a5bfc00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: fffffffffffffffe CR3: 00000000b2a58000 CR4: 00000000001406e0
Call Trace:
kpageflags_read+0xc7/0x120
proc_reg_read+0x3c/0x60
__vfs_read+0x36/0x170
vfs_read+0x89/0x130
ksys_pread64+0x71/0x90
do_syscall_64+0x5b/0x160
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
RIP: 0033:0x7efc42e75e23
Code: 09 00 ba 9f 01 00 00 e8 ab 81 f4 ff 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 90 83 3d 29 0a 2d 00 00 75 13 49 89 ca b8 11 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 73 34 c3 48 83 ec 08 e8 db d3 01 00 48 89 04 24

According to kernel bisection, this problem became visible due to commit
f7f99100d8d9 ("mm: stop zeroing memory during allocation in vmemmap")
which changes how struct pages are initialized.

Memblock layout affects the pfn ranges covered by node/zone. Consider
that we have a VM with 2 NUMA nodes and each node has 4GB memory, and
the default (no memmap= given) memblock layout is like below:

MEMBLOCK configuration:
memory size = 0x00000001fff75c00 reserved size = 0x000000000300c000
memory.cnt = 0x4
memory[0x0] [0x0000000000001000-0x000000000009efff], 0x000000000009e000 bytes on node 0 flags: 0x0
memory[0x1] [0x0000000000100000-0x00000000bffd6fff], 0x00000000bfed7000 bytes on node 0 flags: 0x0
memory[0x2] [0x0000000100000000-0x000000013fffffff], 0x0000000040000000 bytes on node 0 flags: 0x0
memory[0x3] [0x0000000140000000-0x000000023fffffff], 0x0000000100000000 bytes on node 1 flags: 0x0
...

If you give memmap=1G!4G (so it just covers memory[0x2]),
the range [0x100000000-0x13fffffff] is gone:

MEMBLOCK configuration:
memory size = 0x00000001bff75c00 reserved size = 0x000000000300c000
memory.cnt = 0x3
memory[0x0] [0x0000000000001000-0x000000000009efff], 0x000000000009e000 bytes on node 0 flags: 0x0
memory[0x1] [0x0000000000100000-0x00000000bffd6fff], 0x00000000bfed7000 bytes on node 0 flags: 0x0
memory[0x2] [0x0000000140000000-0x000000023fffffff], 0x0000000100000000 bytes on node 1 flags: 0x0
...

This causes shrinking node 0's pfn range because it is calculated by the
address range of memblock.memory. So some of struct pages in the gap
range are left uninitialized.

We have a function zero_resv_unavail() which does zeroing the struct pages
within the reserved unavailable range (i.e. memblock.memory &&
!memblock.reserved). This patch utilizes it to cover all unavailable
ranges by putting them into memblock.reserved.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180615072947.GB23273@hori1.linux.bs1.fc.nec.co.jp
Fixes: f7f99100d8d9 ("mm: stop zeroing memory during allocation in vmemmap")
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Tested-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Tested-by: "Herton R. Krzesinski" <herton@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
Cc: Steven Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>
Cc: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
arch/x86/kernel/e820.c | 15 ++++++++++++---
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
@@ -1246,6 +1246,7 @@ void __init e820__memblock_setup(void)
{
int i;
u64 end;
+ u64 addr = 0;

/*
* The bootstrap memblock region count maximum is 128 entries
@@ -1262,13 +1263,21 @@ void __init e820__memblock_setup(void)
struct e820_entry *entry = &e820_table->entries[i];

end = entry->addr + entry->size;
+ if (addr < entry->addr)
+ memblock_reserve(addr, entry->addr - addr);
+ addr = end;
if (end != (resource_size_t)end)
continue;

+ /*
+ * all !E820_TYPE_RAM ranges (including gap ranges) are put
+ * into memblock.reserved to make sure that struct pages in
+ * such regions are not left uninitialized after bootup.
+ */
if (entry->type != E820_TYPE_RAM && entry->type != E820_TYPE_RESERVED_KERN)
- continue;
-
- memblock_add(entry->addr, entry->size);
+ memblock_reserve(entry->addr, entry->size);
+ else
+ memblock_add(entry->addr, entry->size);
}

/* Throw away partial pages: */

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