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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 4/4] mm/sparse: Optimize memmap allocation during sparse_init()
On 06/07/18 at 03:46pm, Dave Hansen wrote:
> > @@ -297,8 +298,8 @@ void __init sparse_mem_maps_populate_node(struct page **map_map,
> > if (!present_section_nr(pnum))
> > continue;
> >
> > - map_map[pnum] = sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nodeid, NULL);
> > - if (map_map[pnum])
> > + map_map[nr_consumed_maps] = sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nodeid, NULL);
> > + if (map_map[nr_consumed_maps++])
> > continue;
> ...
>
> This looks wonky.
>
> This seems to say that even if we fail to sparse_mem_map_populate() (it
> returns NULL), we still consume a map. Is that right?

Yes, the usemap_map[] and map_map[] allocated in sparse_init() are two
temporary pointer array. Here if sparse_mem_map_populate() succeed, it
will return the starting address of the page struct in this section, and
map_map[i] stores the address for later use. If failed, map_map[i] =
NULL, we will check this value in sparse_init() and decide this section
is invalid, then clear it with 'ms->section_mem_map = 0;'.

This is done on purpose.

>
> > /* fallback */
> > + nr_consumed_maps = 0;
> > for (pnum = pnum_begin; pnum < pnum_end; pnum++) {
> > struct mem_section *ms;
> >
> > if (!present_section_nr(pnum))
> > continue;
> > - map_map[pnum] = sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nodeid, NULL);
> > - if (map_map[pnum])
> > + map_map[nr_consumed_maps] = sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nodeid, NULL);
> > + if (map_map[nr_consumed_maps++])
> > continue;
>
> Same questionable pattern as above...

Ditto

>
> > #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_ALLOC_MEM_MAP_TOGETHER
> > - size2 = sizeof(struct page *) * NR_MEM_SECTIONS;
> > + size2 = sizeof(struct page *) * nr_present_sections;
> > map_map = memblock_virt_alloc(size2, 0);
> > if (!map_map)
> > panic("can not allocate map_map\n");
> > @@ -586,27 +594,44 @@ void __init sparse_init(void)
> > sizeof(map_map[0]));
> > #endif
> >
> > + /* The numner of present sections stored in nr_present_sections
>
> "number"?

Yes, will change. Thanks.

>
> Also, this is not correct comment CodingStyle.

Agree, will update.

>
> > + * are kept the same since mem sections are marked as present in
> > + * memory_present().
>
> Are you just trying to say that we are not making sections present here?

Yes, 'present' has different meaning in different stage. For
struct mem_section **mem_section, we allocate array to prepare to store
pointer pointing at each mem_section in system.

1) in sparse_memory_present_with_active_regions(), we will walk over all
memory regions in memblock and mark those memory sections as 'present'
if it's not hole. Note that we say it's present because it exists in
memblock.

2) in sparse_init(), we will allocate usemap and memmap for each memory
sections, for better memory management, we will try to allocate memory
from that node at one time when handle that node's memory sections. Here
if any failure happened on a certain memory section, e.g
sparse_mem_map_populate() failed case you mentioned, we will clear it by
"ms->section_mem_map = 0", to make it not present. Because if we still
think it's present, and continue useing it, apparently mm system will
corrupt.

>
> > In this for loop, we need check which sections
> > + * failed to allocate memmap or usemap, then clear its
> > + * ->section_mem_map accordingly. During this process, we need
> > + * increase 'alloc_usemap_and_memmap' whether its allocation of
> > + * memmap or usemap failed or not, so that after we handle the i-th
> > + * memory section, can get memmap and usemap of (i+1)-th section
> > + * correctly. */
>
> I'm really scratching my head over this comment. For instance "increase
> 'alloc_usemap_and_memmap'" doesn't make any sense to me. How do you
> increase a function?

My bad, Dave, it should be 'nr_consumed_maps', which is the index of
present section marked in the 1) stage at above. I must do it with wrong
copy&paste.

Let me say it with a concret example, e.g in one system, there are 10
memory sections, and 5 on each node. Then its usemap_map[0..9] and
map_map[0..9] need indexed with nr_consumed_maps from 0 to 9. Given one
map allocation failed, say the 5-th section, in
alloc_usemap_and_memmap(), we don't clear its ms->section_mem_map, means
it's still present, just its usemap_map[5] or map_map[5] is NULL, then
continue handling 6-th section. Until the last for_each_present_section_nr()
loop in sparse_init(), we iterate all 10 memory sections, and found
5-th section's map is not OK, then it has to be taken off from mm
system, otherwise corruption will happen if access 5-th section's
memory.

>
> I wonder if you could give that comment another shot.

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