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Subject[PATCH 02/10] x86/cet: Introduce WRUSS instruction
Date
WRUSS is a new kernel-mode instruction but writes directly
to user shadow stack memory. This is used to construct
a return address on the shadow stack for the signal
handler.

This instruction can fault if the user shadow stack is
invalid shadow stack memory. In that case, the kernel does
fixup.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h | 44 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt | 2 +-
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 13 +++++++-
tools/objtool/arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt | 2 +-
4 files changed, 58 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h
index 317fc59b512c..8ce532fcc171 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h
@@ -237,6 +237,50 @@ static inline void clwb(volatile void *__p)
: [pax] "a" (p));
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_CET
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) || defined(CONFIG_X86_X32)
+static inline int write_user_shstk_32(unsigned long addr, unsigned int val)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ asm volatile("1:.byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0x38, 0xf5, 0x37\n"
+ "xor %[err],%[err]\n"
+ "2:\n"
+ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n"
+ "3: mov $-1,%[err]; jmp 2b\n"
+ ".previous\n"
+ _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b)
+ : [err] "=a" (err)
+ : [val] "S" (val), [addr] "D" (addr)
+ : "memory");
+ return err;
+}
+#else
+static inline int write_user_shstk_32(unsigned long addr, unsigned int val)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+static inline int write_user_shstk_64(unsigned long addr, unsigned long val)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ asm volatile("1:.byte 0x66, 0x48, 0x0f, 0x38, 0xf5, 0x37\n"
+ "xor %[err],%[err]\n"
+ "2:\n"
+ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n"
+ "3: mov $-1,%[err]; jmp 2b\n"
+ ".previous\n"
+ _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b)
+ : [err] "=a" (err)
+ : [val] "S" (val), [addr] "D" (addr)
+ : "memory");
+ return err;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_X86_INTEL_CET */
+
#define nop() asm volatile ("nop")


diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt b/arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt
index e0b85930dd77..72bb7c48a7df 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt
@@ -789,7 +789,7 @@ f0: MOVBE Gy,My | MOVBE Gw,Mw (66) | CRC32 Gd,Eb (F2) | CRC32 Gd,Eb (66&F2)
f1: MOVBE My,Gy | MOVBE Mw,Gw (66) | CRC32 Gd,Ey (F2) | CRC32 Gd,Ew (66&F2)
f2: ANDN Gy,By,Ey (v)
f3: Grp17 (1A)
-f5: BZHI Gy,Ey,By (v) | PEXT Gy,By,Ey (F3),(v) | PDEP Gy,By,Ey (F2),(v)
+f5: BZHI Gy,Ey,By (v) | PEXT Gy,By,Ey (F3),(v) | PDEP Gy,By,Ey (F2),(v) | WRUSS Pq,Qq (66),REX.W
f6: ADCX Gy,Ey (66) | ADOX Gy,Ey (F3) | MULX By,Gy,rDX,Ey (F2),(v)
f7: BEXTR Gy,Ey,By (v) | SHLX Gy,Ey,By (66),(v) | SARX Gy,Ey,By (F3),(v) | SHRX Gy,Ey,By (F2),(v)
EndTable
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
index 2b3b9170109c..f157338862f8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -640,6 +640,17 @@ static int is_f00f_bug(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address)
return 0;
}

+/*
+ * WRUSS is a kernel instrcution and but writes to user
+ * shadow stack memory. When a fault occurs, both
+ * X86_PF_USER and X86_PF_SHSTK are set.
+ */
+static int is_wruss(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code)
+{
+ return (((error_code & (X86_PF_USER | X86_PF_SHSTK)) ==
+ (X86_PF_USER | X86_PF_SHSTK)) && !user_mode(regs));
+}
+
static const char nx_warning[] = KERN_CRIT
"kernel tried to execute NX-protected page - exploit attempt? (uid: %d)\n";
static const char smep_warning[] = KERN_CRIT
@@ -851,7 +862,7 @@ __bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,
struct task_struct *tsk = current;

/* User mode accesses just cause a SIGSEGV */
- if (error_code & X86_PF_USER) {
+ if ((error_code & X86_PF_USER) && !is_wruss(regs, error_code)) {
/*
* It's possible to have interrupts off here:
*/
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt
index e0b85930dd77..72bb7c48a7df 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt
@@ -789,7 +789,7 @@ f0: MOVBE Gy,My | MOVBE Gw,Mw (66) | CRC32 Gd,Eb (F2) | CRC32 Gd,Eb (66&F2)
f1: MOVBE My,Gy | MOVBE Mw,Gw (66) | CRC32 Gd,Ey (F2) | CRC32 Gd,Ew (66&F2)
f2: ANDN Gy,By,Ey (v)
f3: Grp17 (1A)
-f5: BZHI Gy,Ey,By (v) | PEXT Gy,By,Ey (F3),(v) | PDEP Gy,By,Ey (F2),(v)
+f5: BZHI Gy,Ey,By (v) | PEXT Gy,By,Ey (F3),(v) | PDEP Gy,By,Ey (F2),(v) | WRUSS Pq,Qq (66),REX.W
f6: ADCX Gy,Ey (66) | ADOX Gy,Ey (F3) | MULX By,Gy,rDX,Ey (F2),(v)
f7: BEXTR Gy,Ey,By (v) | SHLX Gy,Ey,By (66),(v) | SARX Gy,Ey,By (F3),(v) | SHRX Gy,Ey,By (F2),(v)
EndTable
--
2.15.1
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