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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 00/10] track CPU utilization
On Tue, Jun 05, 2018 at 04:38:26PM +0100, Patrick Bellasi wrote:
> On 05-Jun 16:18, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > On Mon, Jun 04, 2018 at 08:08:58PM +0200, Vincent Guittot wrote:

> > > As you mentioned, scale_rt_capacity give the remaining capacity for
> > > cfs and it will behave like cfs util_avg now that it uses PELT. So as
> > > long as cfs util_avg < scale_rt_capacity(we probably need a margin)
> > > we keep using dl bandwidth + cfs util_avg + rt util_avg for selecting
> > > OPP because we have remaining spare capacity but if cfs util_avg ==
> > > scale_rt_capacity, we make sure to use max OPP.
> What will happen for the 50% task of the example above?

When the cfs-cap reaches 50% (where cfs_cap := 1 - rt_avg - dl_avg -
stop_avg - irq_avg) a cfs-util of 50% means that there is no idle time.

So util will still be 50%, nothing funny. But frequency selection will
see util==cap and select max (it might not have because reduction could
be due to IRQ pressure for example).

At the moment cfs-cap rises (>50%), and the cfs-util stays at 50%, we'll
have 50% utilization. We know there is idle time, the task could use
more if it wanted to.

> > Good point, when cfs-util < cfs-cap then there is idle time and the util
> > number is 'right', when cfs-util == cfs-cap we're overcommitted and
> > should go max.
> Again I cannot easily read the example above...
> Would that mean that a 50% CFS task, preempted by a 50% RT task (which
> already set OPP to max while RUNNABLE) will end up running at the max
> OPP too?

Yes, because there is no idle time. When there is no idle time, max freq
is the right frequency.

The moment cfs-util drops below cfs-cap, we'll stop running at max,
because at that point we've found idle time to reduce frequency with.

> > Since the util and cap values are aligned that should track nicely.
> True... the only potential issue I see is that we are steering PELT
> behaviors towards better driving schedutil to run high-demand
> workloads while _maybe_ affecting quite sensibly the capacity of PELT
> to describe how much CPU a task uses.
> Ultimately, utilization has always been a metric on "how much you
> use"... while here it seems to me we are bending it to be something to
> define "how fast you have to run".

This latest proposal does not in fact change the util tracking. But in
general, 'how much do you use' can be a very difficult question, see the
whole turbo / hardware managed dvfs discussion a week or so ago.

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