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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2] PCI: Enable PASID when End-to-End TLP is supported by all bridges
On Sat, Jun 30, 2018 at 10:45:21AM -0400, Sinan Kaya wrote:
> On 6/29/2018 8:49 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > On Tue, Jun 19, 2018 at 10:14:46PM -0400, Sinan Kaya wrote:
> >> A PCIe endpoint carries the process address space identifier (PASID) in
> >> the TLP prefix as part of the memory read/write transaction. The address
> >> information in the TLP is relevant only for a given PASID context.
> >>
> >> An IOMMU takes PASID value and the address information from the
> >> TLP to look up the physical address in the system.
> >>
> >> If a bridge drops the TLP prefix, the translation agent can resolve the
> >> address to an incorrect location and cause data corruption. Prevent
> >> this condition by requiring End-to-End TLP prefix to be supported on the
> >> entire data path between the endpoint and the root port.
> >
> > PASID is an End-End TLP Prefix (PCIe r4.0, sec 6.20). Sec says
> >
> > It is an error to receive a TLP with an End-End TLP Prefix by a
> > Receiver that does not support End-End TLP Prefixes. A TLP in
> > violation of this rule is handled as a Malformed TLP. This is a
> > reported error associated with the Receiving Port (see Section 6.2).
> >
> > So I agree that we shouldn't enable PASID in an endpoint unless all
> > the switch ports leading to it support End-End prefixes. But I don't
> > see how a bridge can drop a prefix and cause data corruption -- if it
> > doesn't support End-End prefixes, shouldn't the bridge raise a
> > Malformed TLP error instead of forwarding the TLP?
> It should under normal circumstances.
> I remember reading that most PCIe switches don't support TLP prefixes.
> I don't know if it is because of buggy behavior or if it is just plain
> unsupported while dropping the request as Malformed TLP.
> I was trying to be proactive and not enable PASID if the entire path
> is incapable.

Absolutely, that makes perfect sense. Much better to fail to enable
PASID rather than enabling it and seeing Malformed TLP errors or data
corruption later.

I was trying to figure out if you can actually force data corruption
this way. If you can, I'd say that sounds like a buggy switch that we
might want to be aware of.


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