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Subject[PATCH v6 10/21] s390: vfio-ap: sysfs interfaces to configure adapters
Date
Provides the sysfs interfaces for assigning AP adapters to
and unassigning AP adapters from a mediated matrix device.

The IDs of the AP adapters assigned to the mediated matrix
device are stored in an AP mask (APM). The bits in the APM,
from most significant to least significant bit, correspond to
AP adapter ID (APID) 0 to 255. When an adapter is assigned, the
bit corresponding the APID will be set in the APM.
Likewise, when an adapter is unassigned, the bit corresponding
to the APID will be cleared from the APM.

The relevant sysfs structures are:

/sys/devices/vfio_ap
... [matrix]
...... [mdev_supported_types]
......... [vfio_ap-passthrough]
............ [devices]
...............[$uuid]
.................. assign_adapter
.................. unassign_adapter

To assign an adapter to the $uuid mediated matrix device's APM,
write the APID to the assign_adapter file. To unassign an adapter,
write the APID to the unassign_adapter file. The APID is specified
using conventional semantics: If it begins with 0x the number will
be parsed as a hexadecimal number; if it begins with a 0 the number
will be parsed as an octal number; otherwise, it will be parsed as a
decimal number.

For example, to assign adapter 173 (0xad) to the mediated matrix
device $uuid:

echo 173 > assign_adapter

or

echo 0xad > assign_adapter

or

echo 0255 > assign_adapter

To unassign adapter 173 (0xad):

echo 173 > unassign_adapter

or

echo 0xad > unassign_adapter

or

echo 0255 > unassign_adapter

The assignment will be rejected:

* If the APID exceeds the maximum value for an AP adapter:
* If the AP Extended Addressing (APXA) facility is
installed, the max value is 255
* Else the max value is 64

* If no AP domains have yet been assigned and there are
no AP queues bound to the VFIO AP driver that have an APQN
with an APID matching that of the AP adapter being assigned.

* If any of the APQNs that can be derived from the cross product
of the APID being assigned and the AP queue index (APQI) of
each of the AP domains previously assigned can not be matched
with an APQN of an AP queue device reserved by the VFIO AP
driver.

Signed-off-by: Tony Krowiak <akrowiak@linux.ibm.com>
---
drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c | 317 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 317 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c b/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c
index bf7ed9f..a4351bd 100644
--- a/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c
+++ b/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@

#define VFOP_AP_MDEV_TYPE_HWVIRT "passthrough"
#define VFIO_AP_MDEV_NAME_HWVIRT "VFIO AP Passthrough Device"
+#define KVM_AP_MASK_BYTES(n) DIV_ROUND_UP(n, BITS_PER_BYTE)

DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mdev_list_lock);
LIST_HEAD(mdev_list);
@@ -116,9 +117,325 @@ static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
NULL,
};

+struct vfio_ap_qid_reserved {
+ ap_qid_t qid;
+ bool reserved;
+};
+
+struct vfio_id_reserved {
+ unsigned long id;
+ bool reserved;
+};
+
+/**
+ * vfio_ap_qid_reserved
+ *
+ * @dev: an AP queue device
+ * @data: a queue ID
+ *
+ * Flags whether any AP queue device has a particular qid
+ *
+ * Returns 0 to indicate the function succeeded
+ */
+static int vfio_ap_queue_has_qid(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+ struct vfio_ap_qid_reserved *qid_res = data;
+ struct ap_queue *ap_queue = to_ap_queue(dev);
+
+ if (qid_res->qid == ap_queue->qid)
+ qid_res->reserved = true;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * vfio_ap_queue_has_apid
+ *
+ * @dev: an AP queue device
+ * @data: an AP adapter ID
+ *
+ * Flags whether any AP queue device has a particular AP adapter ID
+ *
+ * Returns 0 to indicate the function succeeded
+ */
+static int vfio_ap_queue_has_apid(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+ struct vfio_id_reserved *id_res = data;
+ struct ap_queue *ap_queue = to_ap_queue(dev);
+
+ if (id_res->id == AP_QID_CARD(ap_queue->qid))
+ id_res->reserved = true;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * vfio_ap_verify_qid_reserved
+ *
+ * @matrix_dev: a mediated matrix device
+ * @qid: a qid (i.e., APQN)
+ *
+ * Verifies that the AP queue with @qid is reserved by the VFIO AP device
+ * driver.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if the AP queue with @qid is reserved; otherwise, returns -ENODEV.
+ */
+static int vfio_ap_verify_qid_reserved(struct ap_matrix_dev *matrix_dev,
+ ap_qid_t qid)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct vfio_ap_qid_reserved qid_res;
+
+ qid_res.qid = qid;
+ qid_res.reserved = false;
+
+ ret = driver_for_each_device(matrix_dev->device.driver, NULL, &qid_res,
+ vfio_ap_queue_has_qid);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (qid_res.reserved)
+ return 0;
+
+ return -EPERM;
+}
+
+/**
+ * vfio_ap_verify_apid_reserved
+ *
+ * @matrix_dev: a mediated matrix device
+ * @apid: an AP adapter ID
+ *
+ * Verifies that an AP queue with @apid is reserved by the VFIO AP device
+ * driver.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if an AP queue with @apid is reserved; otherwise, returns -ENODEV.
+ */
+static int vfio_ap_verify_apid_reserved(struct ap_matrix_dev *matrix_dev,
+ const char *mdev_name,
+ unsigned long apid)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct vfio_id_reserved id_res;
+
+ id_res.id = apid;
+ id_res.reserved = false;
+
+ ret = driver_for_each_device(matrix_dev->device.driver, NULL, &id_res,
+ vfio_ap_queue_has_apid);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (id_res.reserved)
+ return 0;
+
+ pr_err("%s: mdev %s using adapter %02lx not reserved by %s driver",
+ VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, mdev_name, apid,
+ VFIO_AP_DRV_NAME);
+
+ return -EPERM;
+}
+
+static int vfio_ap_verify_queues_reserved(struct ap_matrix_dev *matrix_dev,
+ const char *mdev_name,
+ struct ap_matrix *matrix)
+{
+ unsigned long apid, apqi;
+ int ret;
+ int rc = 0;
+
+ for_each_set_bit_inv(apid, matrix->apm, matrix->apm_max + 1) {
+ for_each_set_bit_inv(apqi, matrix->aqm, matrix->aqm_max + 1) {
+ ret = vfio_ap_verify_qid_reserved(matrix_dev,
+ AP_MKQID(apid, apqi));
+ if (ret == 0)
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * We want to log every APQN that is not reserved by
+ * the driver, so record the return code, log a message
+ * and allow the loop to continue
+ */
+ rc = ret;
+ pr_err("%s: mdev %s using queue %02lx.%04lx not reserved by %s driver",
+ VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, mdev_name, apid,
+ apqi, VFIO_AP_DRV_NAME);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/**
+ * vfio_ap_validate_apid
+ *
+ * @mdev: the mediated device
+ * @matrix_mdev: the mediated matrix device
+ * @apid: the APID to validate
+ *
+ * Validates the value of @apid:
+ * * If there are no AP domains assigned, then there must be at least
+ * one AP queue device reserved by the VFIO AP device driver with an
+ * APQN containing @apid.
+ *
+ * * Else each APQN that can be derived from the intersection of @apid and
+ * the IDs of the AP domains already assigned must identify an AP queue
+ * that has been reserved by the VFIO AP device driver.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if the value of @apid is valid; otherwise, returns an error.
+ */
+static int vfio_ap_validate_apid(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+ struct ap_matrix_mdev *matrix_mdev,
+ unsigned long apid)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long aqmsz = matrix_mdev->matrix.aqm_max + 1;
+ struct device *dev = mdev_parent_dev(mdev);
+ struct ap_matrix_dev *matrix_dev = to_ap_matrix_dev(dev);
+ struct ap_matrix matrix = matrix_mdev->matrix;
+
+ /* If there are any queues assigned to the mediated device */
+ if (find_first_bit_inv(matrix.aqm, aqmsz) < aqmsz) {
+ matrix.apm_max = matrix_mdev->matrix.apm_max;
+ memset(matrix.apm, 0,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(matrix.apm) * sizeof(matrix.apm[0]));
+ set_bit_inv(apid, matrix.apm);
+ matrix.aqm_max = matrix_mdev->matrix.aqm_max;
+ memcpy(matrix.aqm, matrix_mdev->matrix.aqm,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(matrix.aqm) * sizeof(matrix.aqm[0]));
+ ret = vfio_ap_verify_queues_reserved(matrix_dev,
+ matrix_mdev->name,
+ &matrix);
+ } else {
+ ret = vfio_ap_verify_apid_reserved(matrix_dev,
+ matrix_mdev->name, apid);
+ }
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * assign_adapter_store
+ *
+ * @dev: the matrix device
+ * @attr: a mediated matrix device attribute
+ * @buf: a buffer containing the adapter ID (APID) to be assigned
+ * @count: the number of bytes in @buf
+ *
+ * Parses the APID from @buf and assigns it to the mediated matrix device. The
+ * APID must be a valid value:
+ * * The APID value must not exceed the maximum allowable AP adapter ID
+ *
+ * * If there are no AP domains assigned, then there must be at least
+ * one AP queue device reserved by the VFIO AP device driver with an
+ * APQN containing @apid.
+ *
+ * * Else each APQN that can be derived from the intersection of @apid and
+ * the IDs of the AP domains already assigned must identify an AP queue
+ * that has been reserved by the VFIO AP device driver.
+ *
+ * Returns the number of bytes processed if the APID is valid; otherwise returns
+ * an error.
+ */
+static ssize_t assign_adapter_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long apid;
+ struct mdev_device *mdev = mdev_from_dev(dev);
+ struct ap_matrix_mdev *matrix_mdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+ unsigned long max_apid = matrix_mdev->matrix.apm_max;
+
+ ret = kstrtoul(buf, 0, &apid);
+ if (ret || (apid > max_apid)) {
+ pr_err("%s: %s: adapter id '%s' not a value from 0 to %02lu(%#04lx)",
+ VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, __func__, buf, max_apid, max_apid);
+
+ return ret ? ret : -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ ret = vfio_ap_validate_apid(mdev, matrix_mdev, apid);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* Set the bit in the AP mask (APM) corresponding to the AP adapter
+ * number (APID). The bits in the mask, from most significant to least
+ * significant bit, correspond to APIDs 0-255.
+ */
+ set_bit_inv(apid, matrix_mdev->matrix.apm);
+
+ return count;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(assign_adapter);
+
+/**
+ * unassign_adapter_store
+ *
+ * @dev: the matrix device
+ * @attr: a mediated matrix device attribute
+ * @buf: a buffer containing the adapter ID (APID) to be assigned
+ * @count: the number of bytes in @buf
+ *
+ * Parses the APID from @buf and unassigns it from the mediated matrix device.
+ * The APID must be a valid value
+ *
+ * Returns the number of bytes processed if the APID is valid; otherwise returns
+ * an error.
+ */
+static ssize_t unassign_adapter_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long apid;
+ struct mdev_device *mdev = mdev_from_dev(dev);
+ struct ap_matrix_mdev *matrix_mdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+ unsigned long max_apid = matrix_mdev->matrix.apm_max;
+
+ ret = kstrtoul(buf, 0, &apid);
+ if (ret || (apid > max_apid)) {
+ pr_err("%s: %s: adapter id '%s' must be a value from 0 to %02lu(%#04lx)",
+ VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, __func__, buf, max_apid, max_apid);
+
+ return ret ? ret : -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (!test_bit_inv(apid, matrix_mdev->matrix.apm)) {
+ pr_err("%s: %s: adapter id %02lu(%#04lx) not assigned",
+ VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, __func__, apid, apid);
+
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ clear_bit_inv((unsigned long)apid, matrix_mdev->matrix.apm);
+
+ return count;
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR_WO(unassign_adapter);
+
+static struct attribute *vfio_ap_mdev_attrs[] = {
+ &dev_attr_assign_adapter.attr,
+ &dev_attr_unassign_adapter.attr,
+ NULL
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group vfio_ap_mdev_attr_group = {
+ .attrs = vfio_ap_mdev_attrs
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *vfio_ap_mdev_attr_groups[] = {
+ &vfio_ap_mdev_attr_group,
+ NULL
+};
+
static const struct mdev_parent_ops vfio_ap_matrix_ops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.supported_type_groups = vfio_ap_mdev_type_groups,
+ .mdev_attr_groups = vfio_ap_mdev_attr_groups,
.create = vfio_ap_mdev_create,
.remove = vfio_ap_mdev_remove,
};
--
1.7.1
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