lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Jun]   [29]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v3 10/20] kvm: arm64: Dynamic configuration of VTTBR mask
Date
On arm64 VTTBR_EL2:BADDR holds the base address for the stage2
translation table. The Arm ARM mandates that the bits BADDR[x-1:0]
should be 0, where 'x' is defined for a given IPA Size and the
number of levels for a translation granule size. It is defined
using some magical constants. This patch is a reverse engineered
implementation to calculate the 'x' at runtime for a given ipa and
number of page table levels. See patch for more details.

Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
Cc: Christoffer Dall <cdall@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
---
Changes since V2:
- Part 1 of spilt from VTCR & VTTBR dynamic configuration
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h | 25 ++++++++++++++++-
2 files changed, 80 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h
index 3dffd38..c557f45 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h
@@ -140,8 +140,6 @@
* Note that when using 4K pages, we concatenate two first level page tables
* together. With 16K pages, we concatenate 16 first level page tables.
*
- * The magic numbers used for VTTBR_X in this patch can be found in Tables
- * D4-23 and D4-25 in ARM DDI 0487A.b.
*/

#define VTCR_EL2_T0SZ_IPA VTCR_EL2_T0SZ_40B
@@ -175,9 +173,63 @@
#endif

#define VTCR_EL2_FLAGS (VTCR_EL2_COMMON_BITS | VTCR_EL2_TGRAN_FLAGS)
-#define VTTBR_X (VTTBR_X_TGRAN_MAGIC - VTCR_EL2_T0SZ_IPA)
+/*
+ * ARM VMSAv8-64 defines an algorithm for finding the translation table
+ * descriptors in section D4.2.8 in ARM DDI 0487B.b.
+ *
+ * The algorithm defines the expectations on the BaseAddress (for the page
+ * table) bits resolved at each level based on the page size, entry level
+ * and T0SZ. The variable "x" in the algorithm also affects the VTTBR:BADDR
+ * for stage2 page table.
+ *
+ * The value of "x" is calculated as :
+ * x = Magic_N - T0SZ
+ *
+ * where Magic_N is an integer depending on the page size and the entry
+ * level of the page table as below:
+ *
+ * --------------------------------------------
+ * | Entry level | 4K 16K 64K |
+ * --------------------------------------------
+ * | Level: 0 (4 levels) | 28 | - | - |
+ * --------------------------------------------
+ * | Level: 1 (3 levels) | 37 | 31 | 25 |
+ * --------------------------------------------
+ * | Level: 2 (2 levels) | 46 | 42 | 38 |
+ * --------------------------------------------
+ * | Level: 3 (1 level) | - | 53 | 51 |
+ * --------------------------------------------
+ *
+ * We have a magic formula for the Magic_N below.
+ *
+ * Magic_N(PAGE_SIZE, Entry_Level) = 64 - ((PAGE_SHIFT - 3) * Number of levels)
+ *
+ * where number of levels = (4 - Entry_Level).
+ *
+ * So, given that T0SZ = (64 - PA_SHIFT), we can compute 'x' as follows:
+ *
+ * x = (64 - ((PAGE_SHIFT - 3) * Number_of_levels)) - (64 - PA_SHIFT)
+ * = PA_SHIFT - ((PAGE_SHIFT - 3) * Number of levels)
+ *
+ * Here is one way to explain the Magic Formula:
+ *
+ * x = log2(Size_of_Entry_Level_Table)
+ *
+ * Since, we can resolve (PAGE_SHIFT - 3) bits at each level, and another
+ * PAGE_SHIFT bits in the PTE, we have :
+ *
+ * Bits_Entry_level = PA_SHIFT - ((PAGE_SHIFT - 3) * (n - 1) + PAGE_SHIFT)
+ * = PA_SHIFT - (PAGE_SHIFT - 3) * n - 3
+ * where n = number of levels, and since each pointer is 8bytes, we have:
+ *
+ * x = Bits_Entry_Level + 3
+ * = PA_SHIFT - (PAGE_SHIFT - 3) * n
+ *
+ * The only constraint here is that, we have to find the number of page table
+ * levels for a given IPA size (which we do, see stage2_pt_levels())
+ */
+#define ARM64_VTTBR_X(ipa, levels) ((ipa) - ((levels) * (PAGE_SHIFT - 3)))

-#define VTTBR_BADDR_MASK (((UL(1) << (PHYS_MASK_SHIFT - VTTBR_X)) - 1) << VTTBR_X)
#define VTTBR_VMID_SHIFT (UL(48))
#define VTTBR_VMID_MASK(size) (_AT(u64, (1 << size) - 1) << VTTBR_VMID_SHIFT)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
index a351722..813a72a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
@@ -146,7 +146,6 @@ static inline unsigned long __kern_hyp_va(unsigned long v)
#define kvm_phys_shift(kvm) KVM_PHYS_SHIFT
#define kvm_phys_size(kvm) (_AC(1, ULL) << kvm_phys_shift(kvm))
#define kvm_phys_mask(kvm) (kvm_phys_size(kvm) - _AC(1, ULL))
-#define kvm_vttbr_baddr_mask(kvm) VTTBR_BADDR_MASK

static inline bool kvm_page_empty(void *ptr)
{
@@ -503,6 +502,30 @@ static inline int hyp_map_aux_data(void)

#define kvm_phys_to_vttbr(addr) phys_to_ttbr(addr)

+/*
+ * Get the magic number 'x' for VTTBR:BADDR of this KVM instance.
+ * With v8.2 LVA extensions, 'x' should be a minimum of 6 with
+ * 52bit IPS.
+ */
+static inline int arm64_vttbr_x(u32 ipa_shift, u32 levels)
+{
+ int x = ARM64_VTTBR_X(ipa_shift, levels);
+
+ return (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_PA_BITS_52) && x < 6) ? 6 : x;
+}
+
+static inline u64 vttbr_baddr_mask(u32 ipa_shift, u32 levels)
+{
+ unsigned int x = arm64_vttbr_x(ipa_shift, levels);
+
+ return GENMASK_ULL(PHYS_MASK_SHIFT - 1, x);
+}
+
+static inline u64 kvm_vttbr_baddr_mask(struct kvm *kvm)
+{
+ return vttbr_baddr_mask(kvm_phys_shift(kvm), kvm_stage2_levels(kvm));
+}
+
static inline void *stage2_alloc_pgd(struct kvm *kvm)
{
return alloc_pages_exact(stage2_pgd_size(kvm),
--
2.7.4
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-06-29 13:22    [W:0.310 / U:0.928 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site