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Subject[PATCH] memcg, oom: move out_of_memory back to the charge path
Date
From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

3812c8c8f395 ("mm: memcg: do not trap chargers with full callstack on OOM")
has changed the ENOMEM semantic of memcg charges. Rather than invoking
the oom killer from the charging context it delays the oom killer to the
page fault path (pagefault_out_of_memory). This in turn means that many
users (e.g. slab or g-u-p) will get ENOMEM when the corresponding memcg
hits the hard limit and the memcg is is OOM. This is behavior is
inconsistent with !memcg case where the oom killer is invoked from the
allocation context and the allocator keeps retrying until it succeeds.

The difference in the behavior is user visible. mmap(MAP_POPULATE) might
result in not fully populated ranges while the mmap return code doesn't
tell that to the userspace. Random syscalls might fail with ENOMEM etc.

The primary motivation of the different memcg oom semantic was the
deadlock avoidance. Things have changed since then, though. We have
an async oom teardown by the oom reaper now and so we do not have to
rely on the victim to tear down its memory anymore. Therefore we can
return to the original semantic as long as the memcg oom killer is not
handed over to the users space.

There is still one thing to be careful about here though. If the oom
killer is not able to make any forward progress - e.g. because there is
no eligible task to kill - then we have to bail out of the charge path
to prevent from same class of deadlocks. We have basically two options
here. Either we fail the charge with ENOMEM or force the charge and
allow overcharge. The first option has been considered more harmful than
useful because rare inconsistencies in the ENOMEM behavior is hard to
test for and error prone. Basically the same reason why the page
allocator doesn't fail allocations under such conditions. The later
might allow runaways but those should be really unlikely unless somebody
misconfigures the system. E.g. allowing to migrate tasks away from the
memcg to a different unlimited memcg with move_charge_at_immigrate
disabled.

Changes since rfc v1
- s@memcg_may_oom@in_user_fault@ suggested by Johannes. It is much more
clear what is the purpose of the flag now
- s@mem_cgroup_oom_enable@mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault@g
s@mem_cgroup_oom_disable@mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault@g as per Johannes
- make oom_kill_disable an exceptional case because it should be rare
and the normal oom handling a core of the function - per Johannes

Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
---

Hi,
I've posted this as an RFC previously [1]. There was no fundamental
disagreement so I've integrated all the suggested changes and tested it.
mmap(MAP_POPULATE) hits the oom killer again rather than silently fails
to populate the mapping on the hard limit excess. On the other hand
g-u-p and other charge path keep the ENOMEM semantic when the memcg oom
killer is disabled. All the forward progress guarantee relies on the oom
reaper.

Unless there are objections I think this is ready to go to mmotm and
ready for the next merge window

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180620103736.13880-1-mhocko@kernel.org
include/linux/memcontrol.h | 16 ++++----
include/linux/sched.h | 2 +-
mm/memcontrol.c | 75 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
mm/memory.c | 4 +-
4 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/memcontrol.h b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
index 6c6fb116e925..5a69bb4026f6 100644
--- a/include/linux/memcontrol.h
+++ b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
@@ -494,16 +494,16 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_max(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
void mem_cgroup_print_oom_info(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
struct task_struct *p);

-static inline void mem_cgroup_oom_enable(void)
+static inline void mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(void)
{
- WARN_ON(current->memcg_may_oom);
- current->memcg_may_oom = 1;
+ WARN_ON(current->in_user_fault);
+ current->in_user_fault = 1;
}

-static inline void mem_cgroup_oom_disable(void)
+static inline void mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(void)
{
- WARN_ON(!current->memcg_may_oom);
- current->memcg_may_oom = 0;
+ WARN_ON(!current->in_user_fault);
+ current->in_user_fault = 0;
}

static inline bool task_in_memcg_oom(struct task_struct *p)
@@ -924,11 +924,11 @@ static inline void mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(void)
{
}

-static inline void mem_cgroup_oom_enable(void)
+static inline void mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(void)
{
}

-static inline void mem_cgroup_oom_disable(void)
+static inline void mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(void)
{
}

diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 87bf02d93a27..34cc95b751cd 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -722,7 +722,7 @@ struct task_struct {
unsigned restore_sigmask:1;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
- unsigned memcg_may_oom:1;
+ unsigned in_user_fault:1;
#ifndef CONFIG_SLOB
unsigned memcg_kmem_skip_account:1;
#endif
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index e6f0d5ef320a..cff6c75137c1 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -1483,28 +1483,53 @@ static void memcg_oom_recover(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
__wake_up(&memcg_oom_waitq, TASK_NORMAL, 0, memcg);
}

-static void mem_cgroup_oom(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t mask, int order)
+enum oom_status {
+ OOM_SUCCESS,
+ OOM_FAILED,
+ OOM_ASYNC,
+ OOM_SKIPPED
+};
+
+static enum oom_status mem_cgroup_oom(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t mask, int order)
{
- if (!current->memcg_may_oom || order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER)
- return;
+ if (order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER)
+ return OOM_SKIPPED;
+
/*
* We are in the middle of the charge context here, so we
* don't want to block when potentially sitting on a callstack
* that holds all kinds of filesystem and mm locks.
*
- * Also, the caller may handle a failed allocation gracefully
- * (like optional page cache readahead) and so an OOM killer
- * invocation might not even be necessary.
+ * cgroup1 allows disabling the OOM killer and waiting for outside
+ * handling until the charge can succeed; remember the context and put
+ * the task to sleep at the end of the page fault when all locks are
+ * released.
+ *
+ * On the other hand, in-kernel OOM killer allows for an async victim
+ * memory reclaim (oom_reaper) and that means that we are not solely
+ * relying on the oom victim to make a forward progress and we can
+ * invoke the oom killer here.
*
- * That's why we don't do anything here except remember the
- * OOM context and then deal with it at the end of the page
- * fault when the stack is unwound, the locks are released,
- * and when we know whether the fault was overall successful.
+ * Please note that mem_cgroup_out_of_memory might fail to find a
+ * victim and then we have to bail out from the charge path.
*/
- css_get(&memcg->css);
- current->memcg_in_oom = memcg;
- current->memcg_oom_gfp_mask = mask;
- current->memcg_oom_order = order;
+ if (memcg->oom_kill_disable) {
+ if (!current->in_user_fault)
+ return OOM_SKIPPED;
+ css_get(&memcg->css);
+ current->memcg_in_oom = memcg;
+ current->memcg_oom_gfp_mask = mask;
+ current->memcg_oom_order = order;
+
+ return OOM_ASYNC;
+ }
+
+ if (mem_cgroup_out_of_memory(memcg, mask, order))
+ return OOM_SUCCESS;
+
+ WARN(1,"Memory cgroup charge failed because of no reclaimable memory! "
+ "This looks like a misconfiguration or a kernel bug.");
+ return OOM_FAILED;
}

/**
@@ -1899,6 +1924,8 @@ static int try_charge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp_mask,
unsigned long nr_reclaimed;
bool may_swap = true;
bool drained = false;
+ bool oomed = false;
+ enum oom_status oom_status;

if (mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg))
return 0;
@@ -1986,6 +2013,9 @@ static int try_charge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp_mask,
if (nr_retries--)
goto retry;

+ if (gfp_mask & __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL && oomed)
+ goto nomem;
+
if (gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL)
goto force;

@@ -1994,8 +2024,23 @@ static int try_charge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp_mask,

memcg_memory_event(mem_over_limit, MEMCG_OOM);

- mem_cgroup_oom(mem_over_limit, gfp_mask,
+ /*
+ * keep retrying as long as the memcg oom killer is able to make
+ * a forward progress or bypass the charge if the oom killer
+ * couldn't make any progress.
+ */
+ oom_status = mem_cgroup_oom(mem_over_limit, gfp_mask,
get_order(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE));
+ switch (oom_status) {
+ case OOM_SUCCESS:
+ nr_retries = MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_RETRIES;
+ oomed = true;
+ goto retry;
+ case OOM_FAILED:
+ goto force;
+ default:
+ goto nomem;
+ }
nomem:
if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL))
return -ENOMEM;
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 7206a634270b..a4b1f8c24884 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -4125,7 +4125,7 @@ int handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
* space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully.
*/
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER)
- mem_cgroup_oom_enable();
+ mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault();

if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)))
ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags);
@@ -4133,7 +4133,7 @@ int handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);

if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) {
- mem_cgroup_oom_disable();
+ mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault();
/*
* The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but
* if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no
--
2.18.0
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