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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 3/6] module: use relative references for __ksymtab entries
On Mon, Jun 25, 2018 at 11:14 AM, Ard Biesheuvel
<ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> wrote:
> Because struct kernel_symbol is only 8 bytes in size after this
> change, and aligning a 8 byte quantity to 16 bytes wastes 8 bytes.

I get that, but then that means the 16-byte alignment wasn't actually
necessary in the first place.

> The x86 ABI may require it, but we don't actually adhere to it in the
> kernel. Also, these structures never occur on the stack anyway.

Ok, makes sense.

Thanks,
Martijn

>
>
>>> -#include <asm-generic/export.h>
>>> diff --git a/include/asm-generic/export.h b/include/asm-generic/export.h
>>> index 719db1968d81..97ce606459ae 100644
>>> --- a/include/asm-generic/export.h
>>> +++ b/include/asm-generic/export.h
>>> @@ -5,12 +5,10 @@
>>> #define KSYM_FUNC(x) x
>>> #endif
>>> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
>>> -#define __put .quad
>>> #ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
>>> #define KSYM_ALIGN 8
>>> #endif
>>> #else
>>> -#define __put .long
>>> #ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
>>> #define KSYM_ALIGN 4
>>> #endif
>>> @@ -25,6 +23,16 @@
>>> #define KSYM(name) name
>>> #endif
>>>
>>> +.macro __put, val, name
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
>>> + .long \val - ., \name - .
>>> +#elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
>>> + .quad \val, \name
>>> +#else
>>> + .long \val, \name
>>> +#endif
>>> +.endm
>>> +
>>> /*
>>> * note on .section use: @progbits vs %progbits nastiness doesn't matter,
>>> * since we immediately emit into those sections anyway.
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
>>> index ab4711c63601..0a9328ea9dbd 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/compiler.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
>>> @@ -280,6 +280,25 @@ unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr)
>>>
>>> #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
>>>
>>> +/*
>>> + * Force the compiler to emit 'sym' as a symbol, so that we can reference
>>> + * it from inline assembler. Necessary in case 'sym' could be inlined
>>> + * otherwise, or eliminated entirely due to lack of references that are
>>> + * visible to the compiler.
>>> + */
>>> +#define __ADDRESSABLE(sym) \
>>> + static void * const __attribute__((section(".discard"), used)) \
>>> + __PASTE(__addressable_##sym, __LINE__) = (void *)&sym;
>>> +
>>> +/**
>>> + * offset_to_ptr - convert a relative memory offset to an absolute pointer
>>> + * @off: the address of the 32-bit offset value
>>> + */
>>> +static inline void *offset_to_ptr(const int *off)
>>> +{
>>> + return (void *)((unsigned long)off + *off);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
>>>
>>> #ifndef __optimize
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
>>> index 25005b55b079..04c78e6bfec9 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/export.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/export.h
>>> @@ -24,12 +24,6 @@
>>> #define VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(x) __VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(x)
>>>
>>> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
>>> -struct kernel_symbol
>>> -{
>>> - unsigned long value;
>>> - const char *name;
>>> -};
>>> -
>>> #ifdef MODULE
>>> extern struct module __this_module;
>>> #define THIS_MODULE (&__this_module)
>>> @@ -60,17 +54,47 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
>>> #define __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec)
>>> #endif
>>>
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
>>> +#include <linux/compiler.h>
>>> +/*
>>> + * Emit the ksymtab entry as a pair of relative references: this reduces
>>> + * the size by half on 64-bit architectures, and eliminates the need for
>>> + * absolute relocations that require runtime processing on relocatable
>>> + * kernels.
>>> + */
>>> +#define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec) \
>>> + __ADDRESSABLE(sym) \
>>> + asm(" .section \"___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym "\", \"a\" \n" \
>>> + " .balign 8 \n" \
>>> + VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(__ksymtab_##sym) ": \n" \
>>> + " .long " VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(sym) "- . \n" \
>>> + " .long " VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(__kstrtab_##sym) "- .\n" \
>>> + " .previous \n")
>>> +
>>> +struct kernel_symbol {
>>> + int value_offset;
>>> + int name_offset;
>>> +};
>>> +#else
>>> +#define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec) \
>>> + static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym \
>>> + __attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used)) \
>>> + = { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
>>> +
>>> +struct kernel_symbol {
>>> + unsigned long value;
>>> + const char *name;
>>> +};
>>> +#endif
>>> +
>>> /* For every exported symbol, place a struct in the __ksymtab section */
>>> #define ___EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec) \
>>> extern typeof(sym) sym; \
>>> __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec) \
>>> static const char __kstrtab_##sym[] \
>>> - __attribute__((section("__ksymtab_strings"), aligned(1))) \
>>> + __attribute__((section("__ksymtab_strings"), used, aligned(1))) \
>>> = VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(sym); \
>>> - static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym \
>>> - __used \
>>> - __attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used)) \
>>> - = { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
>>> + __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)
>>>
>>> #if defined(__DISABLE_EXPORTS)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
>>> index ad2d420024f6..b4782cfbb79b 100644
>>> --- a/kernel/module.c
>>> +++ b/kernel/module.c
>>> @@ -549,12 +549,30 @@ static bool check_symbol(const struct symsearch *syms,
>>> return true;
>>> }
>>>
>>> +static unsigned long kernel_symbol_value(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
>>> +{
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
>>> + return (unsigned long)offset_to_ptr(&sym->value_offset);
>>> +#else
>>> + return sym->value;
>>> +#endif
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const char *kernel_symbol_name(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
>>> +{
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
>>> + return offset_to_ptr(&sym->name_offset);
>>> +#else
>>> + return sym->name;
>>> +#endif
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> static int cmp_name(const void *va, const void *vb)
>>> {
>>> const char *a;
>>> const struct kernel_symbol *b;
>>> a = va; b = vb;
>>> - return strcmp(a, b->name);
>>> + return strcmp(a, kernel_symbol_name(b));
>>> }
>>>
>>> static bool find_symbol_in_section(const struct symsearch *syms,
>>> @@ -2198,7 +2216,7 @@ void *__symbol_get(const char *symbol)
>>> sym = NULL;
>>> preempt_enable();
>>>
>>> - return sym ? (void *)sym->value : NULL;
>>> + return sym ? (void *)kernel_symbol_value(sym) : NULL;
>>> }
>>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__symbol_get);
>>>
>>> @@ -2228,10 +2246,12 @@ static int verify_export_symbols(struct module *mod)
>>>
>>> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(arr); i++) {
>>> for (s = arr[i].sym; s < arr[i].sym + arr[i].num; s++) {
>>> - if (find_symbol(s->name, &owner, NULL, true, false)) {
>>> + if (find_symbol(kernel_symbol_name(s), &owner, NULL,
>>> + true, false)) {
>>> pr_err("%s: exports duplicate symbol %s"
>>> " (owned by %s)\n",
>>> - mod->name, s->name, module_name(owner));
>>> + mod->name, kernel_symbol_name(s),
>>> + module_name(owner));
>>> return -ENOEXEC;
>>> }
>>> }
>>> @@ -2280,7 +2300,7 @@ static int simplify_symbols(struct module *mod, const struct load_info *info)
>>> ksym = resolve_symbol_wait(mod, info, name);
>>> /* Ok if resolved. */
>>> if (ksym && !IS_ERR(ksym)) {
>>> - sym[i].st_value = ksym->value;
>>> + sym[i].st_value = kernel_symbol_value(ksym);
>>> break;
>>> }
>>>
>>> @@ -2540,7 +2560,7 @@ static int is_exported(const char *name, unsigned long value,
>>> ks = lookup_symbol(name, __start___ksymtab, __stop___ksymtab);
>>> else
>>> ks = lookup_symbol(name, mod->syms, mod->syms + mod->num_syms);
>>> - return ks != NULL && ks->value == value;
>>> + return ks != NULL && kernel_symbol_value(ks) == value;
>>> }
>>>
>>> /* As per nm */
>>> --
>>> 2.15.1
>>>

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