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SubjectRe: [PATCH resend v2] dcdbas: Add support for WSMT ACPI table
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On 6/8/2018 8:04 PM, Darren Hart wrote:
> On Thu, Jun 07, 2018 at 08:11:41PM +0300, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
>> On Thu, Jun 7, 2018 at 6:59 PM, Stuart Hayes <stuart.w.hayes@gmail.com> wrote:
>>> If the WSMT ACPI table is present and indicates that a fixed communication
>>> buffer should be used, use the firmware-specified buffer instead of
>>> allocating a buffer in memory for communications between the dcdbas driver
>>> and firmare.
>>
>>> config DCDBAS
>>> tristate "Dell Systems Management Base Driver"
>>> - depends on X86
>>> + depends on X86 && ACPI
>
>
>>
>> Hmm... I'm not sure about this dependency.
>> So, the question is do all users actually need this? How did it work
>> previously? How has this been tested in case when command line has
>> "acpi=off" (yes, this one just for sake of test, I don't believe it's
>> a real use case)?
>
> Yeah... after the 4.16 and 4.17 KConfig fumbling around the SMBIOS
> driver which intersected with this one.... this needs to be thoroughly
> covered, tested, and thought through. Linus was.... generous in the
> number of attempts it took us to get that right.
>
> Did DCDBAS ever work on a system without ACPI?
>

It appears to compile ok without ACPI enabled... looks like acpi_get_table
just returns a constant when CONFIG_ACPI isn't there, which makes all the WSMT
stuff get optimized out. So I don't guess we even need an "#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI".

>>
>>> #include <linux/string.h>
>>> #include <linux/types.h>
>>> #include <linux/mutex.h>
>>> +#include <linux/acpi.h>
>>
>> Please, try to keep an order as much as possible.
>> For example, in given context this line should be before string.h (I
>> didn't check the actual file, perhaps even upper).
>>
>>> #include <asm/io.h>
>>>
>>> #include "dcdbas.h"
>>
>>> /* Calling Interface SMI */
>>> - smi_cmd->ebx = (u32) virt_to_phys(smi_cmd->command_buffer);
>>> + smi_cmd->ebx = smi_data_buf_phys_addr
>>> + + offsetof(struct smi_cmd, command_buffer);
>>
>> Please, keep at least + on the previous line.
>> Also, I'm not sure what is the difference now. Especially for previous
>> users when this wasn't the part of the driver.
>> Some explanation needed.
>>

I'll fix this.

>>> +static u8 checksum(u8 *buffer, u8 length)
>>> +{
>>> + u8 sum = 0;
>>> + u8 *end = buffer + length;
>>> +
>>> + while (buffer < end)
>>> + sum = (u8)(sum + *(buffer++));
>>
>> Why not simple
>>
>> sum += *buffer++;
>>
>> ?
>>
>>> + return sum;
>>> +}
>>
>> And I would rather check if we have similar algoritms already in the
>> kernel which we might re-use.
>
> Seems to be some options in lib/checksum.c to check.
>

I couldn't find anything in checksum.c or elsewhere that I could just
include that would do a byte checksum, not a word. I copied this code
from acpi_tb_checksum (in drivers/acpi/acpica/tbprint.c), but I can
shorten it as suggested.

>>
>>> +
>>> +static inline struct smm_eps_table *check_eps_table(u8 *addr)
>>> +{
>>> + struct smm_eps_table *eps = (struct smm_eps_table *)addr;
>>> +
>>
>>> + if (strncmp(SMM_EPS_SIG, eps->smm_comm_buff_anchor, 4) != 0)
>>
>> I'm not sure about strings operation here.
>> I would rather do like with other magic constants: introduce hex value
>> and compare it as unsigned integer.
>>
>> Also, it might be a warning, since \0 wasn't ever checked from the
>> string literal. Though, I'm not sure if it applicable to strncmp()
>> function (it's for strncpy for sure).
>
> I think we're OK here, and we're being consistent with the
> dell-wmi-descriptor test for "DELL WMI". I don't recall if it was that
> one or something else, but doing it in HEX ended up being more
> confusing. The \0 isn't an issue since strncmp will only compare the n
> (4) bytes.
>
>>
>>> + return NULL;
>>> +
>>> + if (checksum(addr, eps->length) != 0)
>>> + return NULL;
>>> +
>>> + return eps;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int dcdbas_check_wsmt(void)
>>> +{
>>> + struct acpi_table_wsmt *wsmt = NULL;
>>> + struct smm_eps_table *eps = NULL;
>>> + u8 *addr;
>>> +
>>> + acpi_get_table(ACPI_SIG_WSMT, 0, (struct acpi_table_header **)&wsmt);
>>> + if (!wsmt)
>>> + return 0;
>>> +
>>> + /* Check if WSMT ACPI table shows that protection is enabled */
>>> + if (!(wsmt->protection_flags & ACPI_WSMT_FIXED_COMM_BUFFERS)
>>> + || !(wsmt->protection_flags
>>> + & ACPI_WSMT_COMM_BUFFER_NESTED_PTR_PROTECTION))
>>> + return 0;
>>> +
>>> + /* Scan for EPS (entry point structure) */
>>> + for (addr = (u8 *)__va(0xf0000);
>>> + addr < (u8 *)__va(0x100000 - sizeof(struct smm_eps_table)) && !eps;
>>
>> Perhaps better to do
>>
>> for (...) {
>> eps = ...();
>> if (eps)
>> break;
>> }
>>
>> Also I've a feeling that 0xf0000 constant is defined already somewhere
>> under arch/x86/include/asm or evem include/linux.
>
> But... is it defined for this purpose? If not, I'd prefer it hardcoded
> (or with a DEFINE).
>
>>
>>> + addr += 1)
>>
>> += 1?!
>> All tables I saw in BIOS are aligned with 16 bytes. Is it the case here?
>>
>> Is there any other means to check if the table present? ACPI code?
>> Method / variable?
>>

The spec doesn't say this will be aligned with 16 bytes. It says "Pointer to
this memory region is published through a reference anchor structure SMM_EPS
located in the F-Block physical memory range anywhere between F0000h – FFFFFh.
OS driver or application needs to scan for this structure with signature “$SCB”
in the above mentioned memory range."

>>> + eps = check_eps_table(addr);
>>> +
>>> + if (!eps) {
>>> + dev_dbg(&dcdbas_pdev->dev, "found WSMT, but no EPS found\n");
>>> + return -ENODEV;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + /*
>>> + * Get physical address of buffer and map to virtual address.
>>> + * Table gives size in 4K pages, regardless of actual system page size.
>>> + */
>>
>>> + if (eps->smm_comm_buff_addr + 8 > U32_MAX) {
>>
>> if (upper_32_bits(..._addr + 8)) {
>>
>> ?
>>
>>> + dev_warn(&dcdbas_pdev->dev, "found WSMT, but EPS buffer address is above 4GB\n");
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> + }
>>> + eps_buffer = (u8 *)memremap(eps->smm_comm_buff_addr,
>>
>> Why casting?
>>

Oops, I'll fix that.

>>> + eps->num_of_4k_pages * 4096, MEMREMAP_WB);
>>
>> This multiplication looks strange. Perhaps use PAGE_SIZE?
>>
>>> + if (!eps_buffer) {
>>> + dev_warn(&dcdbas_pdev->dev, "found WSMT, but failed to map EPS buffer\n");
>>> + return -ENOMEM;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + /* First 8 bytes of buffer is for semaphore */
>>> + smi_data_buf_phys_addr = (u32) eps->smm_comm_buff_addr + 8;
>>
>> lower_32_bits() ?
>>
>>> + smi_data_buf = eps_buffer + 8;
>>
>>> + smi_data_buf_size = (unsigned long) min(eps->num_of_4k_pages * 4096 - 8,
>>> + (u64) ULONG_MAX);
>>
>> This is too twisted code. First, it needs explanation.
>> Second, it might need some refactoring.
>>
>> (Yes, I got the idea, but would it be better implementation?)
>>

Yes this is pretty bad, I'll change it.

>>> + max_smi_data_buf_size = smi_data_buf_size;
>>> + wsmt_enabled = true;
>>> + dev_info(&dcdbas_pdev->dev,
>>> + "WSMT found, using firmware-provided SMI buffer.\n");
>>> + return 1;
>>> +}
>>
>>> #define SMI_CMD_MAGIC (0x534D4931)
>>>
>>> +#define SMM_EPS_SIG "$SCB"
>>
>> Just integer like above and put the sting as a comment.
>> (Side note: above magic also looks like string)
>
> Given the above, I think we can use the more recognizable string - since
> that is clearly how they think of this label.
>
> Otherwise, agree with a follow-up to all of Andy's feedback.
>

I'll make the suggested changes and submit a new version. Thank you all for
taking the time to review this!


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