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Subject[PATCH 18/18] rhashtable: add rhashtable_walk_delay_rehash()
This function allows an rhashtable walk to complete
without any restarts as long as it progresses reasonably
quickly.
Any current rehash is waited for, then a counter is incremented
to stop any further rehash from happening until the 100%
occupancy mark is reached.
This particularly ensures that restarts won't happen due to
the hash table shrinking as shrinking is delayed indefinitely.

Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com>
---
include/linux/rhashtable-types.h | 3 ++
include/linux/rhashtable.h | 14 ++++++++--
lib/rhashtable.c | 54 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
3 files changed, 67 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/rhashtable-types.h b/include/linux/rhashtable-types.h
index c08c3bcfb5ad..43de8d10638e 100644
--- a/include/linux/rhashtable-types.h
+++ b/include/linux/rhashtable-types.h
@@ -76,6 +76,7 @@ struct rhashtable_params {
* @max_elems: Maximum number of elements in table
* @p: Configuration parameters
* @rhlist: True if this is an rhltable
+ * @rehash_delayers: number of walkers asking for rehash to be delayed.
* @run_work: Deferred worker to expand/shrink asynchronously
* @mutex: Mutex to protect current/future table swapping
* @lock: Spin lock to protect walker list
@@ -90,6 +91,7 @@ struct rhashtable {
unsigned int max_elems;
struct rhashtable_params p;
bool rhlist;
+ atomic_t rehash_delayers;
struct work_struct run_work;
struct mutex mutex;
spinlock_t lock;
@@ -134,6 +136,7 @@ struct rhashtable_iter {
unsigned int skip;
bool p_is_unsafe;
bool end_of_table;
+ bool delay_rehash;
};

int rhashtable_init(struct rhashtable *ht,
diff --git a/include/linux/rhashtable.h b/include/linux/rhashtable.h
index e148f72d4a89..42b5d037ad2e 100644
--- a/include/linux/rhashtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/rhashtable.h
@@ -233,7 +233,8 @@ static inline bool __rht_grow_above_75(const struct rhashtable *ht,
unsigned int nelems)
{
return nelems > (tbl->size / 4 * 3) &&
- (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size);
+ (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size) &&
+ atomic_read(&ht->rehash_delayers) == 0;
}
/**
* rht_grow_above_75 - returns true if nelems > 0.75 * table-size
@@ -263,7 +264,8 @@ static inline bool __rht_shrink_below_30(const struct rhashtable *ht,
{
/* Shrink table beneath 30% load */
return nelems < (tbl->size * 3 / 10) &&
- tbl->size > ht->p.min_size;
+ tbl->size > ht->p.min_size &&
+ atomic_read(&ht->rehash_delayers) == 0;
}
/**
* rht_shrink_below_30 - returns true if nelems < 0.3 * table-size
@@ -285,9 +287,14 @@ static inline bool rht_shrink_below_30(const struct rhashtable *ht,
return __rht_shrink_below_30(ht, tbl, nelems);
}

+/**
+ * rht_grow_above_100 - returns true if nelems > table-size
+ * @ht: hash table
+ * @tbl: current table
+ */
static inline bool __rht_grow_above_100(const struct rhashtable *ht,
const struct bucket_table *tbl,
- unsigned int nelems)
+ const unsigned int nelems)
{
return nelems > tbl->size &&
(!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size);
@@ -357,6 +364,7 @@ void *rhashtable_insert_slow(struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key,
void rhashtable_walk_enter(struct rhashtable *ht,
struct rhashtable_iter *iter);
void rhashtable_walk_exit(struct rhashtable_iter *iter);
+void rhashtable_walk_delay_rehash(struct rhashtable_iter *iter);
int rhashtable_walk_start_check(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) __acquires(RCU);

static inline void rhashtable_walk_start(struct rhashtable_iter *iter)
diff --git a/lib/rhashtable.c b/lib/rhashtable.c
index 84288142ddf6..aa1e7be8fc5b 100644
--- a/lib/rhashtable.c
+++ b/lib/rhashtable.c
@@ -436,8 +436,16 @@ static void rht_deferred_worker(struct work_struct *work)
tbl = rhashtable_last_table(ht, tbl);

nelems = check_nelems(ht);
+ if (atomic_read(&ht->rehash_delayers) &&
+ tbl == ht->tbl &&
+ !__rht_grow_above_100(ht, tbl, nelems))
+ goto out;

- if (__rht_grow_above_75(ht, tbl, nelems)) {
+ /* Need to test both _75 and _100 and _75 always
+ * says "no need to grow" if ->rehash_delayers
+ */
+ if (__rht_grow_above_75(ht, tbl, nelems) ||
+ __rht_grow_above_100(ht, tbl, nelems)) {
unsigned int size = roundup_pow_of_two(nelems * 4 / 3);

if (ht->p.max_size && size > ht->p.max_size)
@@ -453,6 +461,7 @@ static void rht_deferred_worker(struct work_struct *work)
if (!err)
err = rhashtable_rehash_table(ht);

+out:
mutex_unlock(&ht->mutex);

if (err)
@@ -711,6 +720,7 @@ void rhashtable_walk_enter(struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhashtable_iter *iter)
iter->slot = 0;
iter->skip = 0;
iter->end_of_table = 0;
+ iter->delay_rehash = false;

spin_lock(&ht->lock);
iter->walker.tbl =
@@ -732,9 +742,50 @@ void rhashtable_walk_exit(struct rhashtable_iter *iter)
if (iter->walker.tbl)
list_del(&iter->walker.list);
spin_unlock(&iter->ht->lock);
+ if (iter->delay_rehash &&
+ atomic_dec_and_test(&iter->ht->rehash_delayers))
+ schedule_work(&iter->ht->run_work);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rhashtable_walk_exit);

+/**
+ * rhashtable_walk_delay_rehash - ask for rehash to be delayed
+ * @iter: Hash table Iterator
+ *
+ * If a rehash happens during a table walk, the walk can
+ * see duplicate entries and need to restart.
+ * If the walk calls this function immediately after
+ * rhashtable_walk_enter(), the chance of this happening is
+ * substantially reduced. It waits for any
+ * current rehash to complete, then temporarily disables
+ * shinking and blocks and growth of the table until it
+ * reaches 100% occupancy, rather than the normal 70%.
+ *
+ * This function can be useful when walking a table to
+ * produce a debugfs file. It should probably *not* be
+ * used when the file is access by an unprivileged process
+ * as that could conceivably result in a minor denial for service.
+ */
+void rhashtable_walk_delay_rehash(struct rhashtable_iter *iter)
+{
+ if (!iter->delay_rehash) {
+ struct rhashtable *ht = iter->ht;
+
+ atomic_inc(&ht->rehash_delayers);
+ iter->delay_rehash = true;
+ /* make sure any schedule rehash has finished */
+ flush_work(&ht->run_work);
+ mutex_lock(&ht->mutex);
+ /* Make double-sure there is only one table */
+ while (rhashtable_rehash_table(ht) == -EAGAIN)
+ ;
+ mutex_unlock(&ht->mutex);
+ /* Need to swallow any -EAGAIN */
+ rhashtable_walk_start(iter);
+ rhashtable_walk_stop(iter);
+ }
+}
+
/**
* rhashtable_walk_start_check - Start a hash table walk
* @iter: Hash table iterator
@@ -1113,6 +1164,7 @@ int rhashtable_init(struct rhashtable *ht,
bucket_table_free(tbl);
return -ENOMEM;
}
+ atomic_set(&ht->rehash_delayers, 0);

RCU_INIT_POINTER(ht->tbl, tbl);


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