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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 07/19] perf tools: Workaround missing maps for x86_64 KPTI entry trampolines
Em Wed, May 09, 2018 at 02:43:36PM +0300, Adrian Hunter escreveu:
> On x86_64 the KPTI entry trampolines are not in the kernel map created by
> perf tools. That results in the addresses having no symbols and prevents
> annotation. It also causes Intel PT to have decoding errors at the
> trampoline addresses. Workaround that by creating maps for the trampolines.
> At present the kernel does not export information revealing where the
> trampolines are. Until that happens, the addresses are hardcoded.
>
> Signed-off-by: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
> ---
> tools/perf/util/machine.c | 104 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> tools/perf/util/machine.h | 3 ++
> tools/perf/util/symbol.c | 12 +++---
> 3 files changed, 114 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/machine.c b/tools/perf/util/machine.c
> index 22047ff3cf2a..1bf15aa0b099 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/util/machine.c
> +++ b/tools/perf/util/machine.c
> @@ -851,6 +851,110 @@ static int machine__get_running_kernel_start(struct machine *machine,
> return 0;
> }
>
> +struct special_kernal_map {

s/kernal/kernel/

And "special"?

> + u64 start;
> + u64 end;
> + u64 pgoff;
> +};
> +
> +static int machine__create_special_kernel_map(struct machine *machine,
> + struct dso *kernel,
> + struct special_kernal_map *sm)
> +{
> + struct kmap *kmap;
> + struct map *map;
> +
> + map = map__new2(sm->start, kernel);
> + if (!map)
> + return -1;
> +
> + map->end = sm->end;
> + map->pgoff = sm->pgoff;
> +
> + kmap = map__kmap(map);
> +
> + kmap->kmaps = &machine->kmaps;
> +
> + map_groups__insert(&machine->kmaps, map);
> +
> + pr_debug2("Added special kernel map %" PRIx64 "-%" PRIx64 "\n",
> + map->start, map->end);
> +
> + map__put(map);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static u64 find_entry_trampoline(struct dso *dso)
> +{
> + struct {
> + const char *name;
> + u64 addr;
> + } syms[] = {
> + /* Duplicates are removed so lookup all aliases */
> + {"_entry_trampoline", 0},
> + {"__entry_trampoline_start", 0},
> + {"entry_SYSCALL_64_trampoline", 0},

We've been using named initializers consistently, so please change this
to:

struct {
const char *name;
u64 addr;
} syms[] = {
{ .name = "_entry_trampoline", },
{ .name = "__entry_trampoline_start", },
{ .name = "entry_SYSCALL_64_trampoline", },
},

Also why do you have to lookup to all of them to them use just the first
found? I.e. you say they are aliases, why not return the first symbol
found, i.e. the above would be reduced to:

const char *syms[] = {
"_entry_trampoline",
"__entry_trampoline_start",
"entry_SYSCALL_64_trampoline",
},

And then:

struct symbol *sym = dso__first_symbol(dso);
unsigned int i;

for (; sym; sym = dso__next_symbol(sym)) {
if (sym->binding != STB_GLOBAL)
continue;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(syms); i++) {
if (!strcmp(sym->name, syms[i].name))
return sym->start;
}
}

return 0;

> + };
> + struct symbol *sym = dso__first_symbol(dso);
> + unsigned int i;
> +
> + for (; sym; sym = dso__next_symbol(sym)) {
> + if (sym->binding != STB_GLOBAL)
> + continue;
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(syms); i++) {
> + if (!strcmp(sym->name, syms[i].name))
> + syms[i].addr = sym->start;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(syms); i++) {
> + if (syms[i].addr)
> + return syms[i].addr;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * These values can be used for kernels that do not have symbols for the entry
> + * trampolines in kallsyms.
> + */
> +#define X86_64_CPU_ENTRY_AREA_PER_CPU 0xfffffe0000000000ULL
> +#define X86_64_CPU_ENTRY_AREA_SIZE 0x2c000
> +#define X86_64_ENTRY_TRAMPOLINE 0x6000
> +
> +/* Map x86_64 KPTI entry trampolines */
> +int machine__map_x86_64_entry_trampolines(struct machine *machine,
> + struct dso *kernel)
> +{
> + u64 pgoff = find_entry_trampoline(kernel);
> + int nr_cpus_avail = 0, cpu;
> +
> + if (!pgoff)
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (machine->env)
> + nr_cpus_avail = machine->env->nr_cpus_avail;
> +
> + /* Add a 1 page map for each CPU's entry trampoline */
> + for (cpu = 0; cpu < nr_cpus_avail; cpu++) {
> + u64 va = X86_64_CPU_ENTRY_AREA_PER_CPU +
> + cpu * X86_64_CPU_ENTRY_AREA_SIZE +
> + X86_64_ENTRY_TRAMPOLINE;
> + struct special_kernal_map sm = {
> + .start = va,
> + .end = va + page_size,
> + .pgoff = pgoff,
> + };
> +
> + if (machine__create_special_kernel_map(machine, kernel, &sm) < 0)
> + return -1;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> static int
> __machine__create_kernel_maps(struct machine *machine, struct dso *kernel)
> {
> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/machine.h b/tools/perf/util/machine.h
> index b31d33b5aa2a..6e1c63d3a625 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/util/machine.h
> +++ b/tools/perf/util/machine.h
> @@ -267,4 +267,7 @@ int machine__set_current_tid(struct machine *machine, int cpu, pid_t pid,
> */
> char *machine__resolve_kernel_addr(void *vmachine, unsigned long long *addrp, char **modp);
>
> +int machine__map_x86_64_entry_trampolines(struct machine *machine,
> + struct dso *kernel);
> +
> #endif /* __PERF_MACHINE_H */
> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/symbol.c b/tools/perf/util/symbol.c
> index 4a39f4d0a174..c3a1a89a61cb 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/util/symbol.c
> +++ b/tools/perf/util/symbol.c
> @@ -1490,20 +1490,22 @@ int dso__load(struct dso *dso, struct map *map)
> goto out;
> }
>
> + if (map->groups && map->groups->machine)
> + machine = map->groups->machine;
> + else
> + machine = NULL;
> +
> if (dso->kernel) {
> if (dso->kernel == DSO_TYPE_KERNEL)
> ret = dso__load_kernel_sym(dso, map);
> else if (dso->kernel == DSO_TYPE_GUEST_KERNEL)
> ret = dso__load_guest_kernel_sym(dso, map);
>
> + if (machine && machine__is(machine, "x86_64"))
> + machine__map_x86_64_entry_trampolines(machine, dso);
> goto out;
> }
>
> - if (map->groups && map->groups->machine)
> - machine = map->groups->machine;
> - else
> - machine = NULL;
> -
> dso->adjust_symbols = 0;
>
> if (perfmap) {
> --
> 1.9.1

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