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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: dwc2: alloc dma aligned buffer for isoc split in
Hi,

On Tue, May 8, 2018 at 12:43 AM, wlf <wulf@rock-chips.com> wrote:
> Dear Doug,
>
> 在 2018年05月08日 13:11, Doug Anderson 写道:
>>
>> Hi,
>>
>> On Mon, May 7, 2018 at 8:07 PM, William Wu <william.wu@rock-chips.com>
>> wrote:
>>>
>>> +static int dwc2_alloc_split_dma_aligned_buf(struct dwc2_hsotg *hsotg,
>>> + struct dwc2_qh *qh,
>>> + struct dwc2_host_chan *chan)
>>> +{
>>> + if (!hsotg->unaligned_cache)
>>> + return -ENOMEM;
>>> +
>>> + if (!qh->dw_align_buf) {
>>> + qh->dw_align_buf =
>>> kmem_cache_alloc(hsotg->unaligned_cache,
>>> + GFP_ATOMIC |
>>> GFP_DMA);
>>> + if (!qh->dw_align_buf)
>>> + return -ENOMEM;
>>> +
>>> + qh->dw_align_buf_size = min_t(u32, chan->max_packet,
>>> +
>>> DWC2_KMEM_UNALIGNED_BUF_SIZE);
>>
>> Rather than using min_t, wouldn't it be better to return -ENOMEM if
>> "max_packet" > DWC2_KMEM_UNALIGNED_BUF_SIZE? As it is, you might
>> allocate less space than you need, right? That seems like it would be
>> bad (even though this is probably impossible).
>
> Yes, good idea! So is it good to fix it like this?
>
> if (!qh->dw_align_buf || chan->max_packet >
> DWC2_KMEM_UNALIGNED_BUF_SIZE)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> qh->dw_align_buf_size = chan->max_packet;

Won't that orphan memory in the case that the allocation is OK but the
size is wrong?

I would have put it all the way at the top:

if (!hsotg->unaligned_cache ||
chan->max_packet > DWC2_KMEM_UNALIGNED_BUF_SIZE)
return -ENOMEM;


It also feels like you should get rid of "qh->dw_align_buf_size". The
buffer is always DWC2_KMEM_UNALIGNED_BUF_SIZE.

...if you need to keep track of how many bytes you mapped with
dma_map_single() and somehow can't get back to "chan", rename this to
qh->dw_align_buf_mapped_bytes or something. I haven't followed
through all the code, but I _think_ you'd want to make sure to set
qh->dw_align_buf_mapped_bytes every time through
dwc2_alloc_split_dma_aligned_buf(), even if dw_align_buf was already
allocated. Specifically, my worry is in the case where you enter
dwc2_alloc_split_dma_aligned_buf() and qh->dw_align_buf is non-NULL.
Could "max_packet" be different in this case compared to what it was
when dw_align_buf was first allocated?



>>> @@ -2797,6 +2837,32 @@ static int dwc2_assign_and_init_hc(struct
>>> dwc2_hsotg *hsotg, struct dwc2_qh *qh)
>>> /* Set the transfer attributes */
>>> dwc2_hc_init_xfer(hsotg, chan, qtd);
>>>
>>> + /* For non-dword aligned buffers */
>>> + if (hsotg->params.host_dma && qh->do_split &&
>>> + chan->ep_is_in && (chan->xfer_dma & 0x3)) {
>>> + dev_vdbg(hsotg->dev, "Non-aligned buffer\n");
>>> + if (dwc2_alloc_split_dma_aligned_buf(hsotg, qh, chan)) {
>>> + dev_err(hsotg->dev,
>>> + "Failed to allocate memory to handle
>>> non-aligned buffer\n");
>>> + /* Add channel back to free list */
>>> + chan->align_buf = 0;
>>> + chan->multi_count = 0;
>>> + list_add_tail(&chan->hc_list_entry,
>>> + &hsotg->free_hc_list);
>>> + qtd->in_process = 0;
>>> + qh->channel = NULL;
>>> + return -ENOMEM;
>>> + }
>>> + } else {
>>> + /*
>>> + * We assume that DMA is always aligned in non-split
>>> + * case or split out case. Warn if not.
>>> + */
>>> + WARN_ON_ONCE(hsotg->params.host_dma &&
>>> + (chan->xfer_dma & 0x3));
>>> + chan->align_buf = 0;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> if (chan->ep_type == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT ||
>>> chan->ep_type == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC)
>>> /*
>>> @@ -5241,6 +5307,17 @@ int dwc2_hcd_init(struct dwc2_hsotg *hsotg)
>>> hsotg->params.dma_desc_enable = false;
>>> hsotg->params.dma_desc_fs_enable = false;
>>> }
>>> + } else if (hsotg->params.host_dma) {
>>
>> Are you sure this is "else if"? Can't you have descriptor DMA enabled
>> in the controller and still need to do a normal DMA transfer if you
>> plug in a hub? Seems like this should be just "if".
>
> Sorry, I don't understand the case "have descriptor DMA enabled in the
> controller and still need to do a normal DMA transfer". But maybe it still
> has another problem if just use "if" here, because it will create kmem
> caches for Slave mode which actually doesn't need aligned DMA buf.

So right now your code looks like:

if (hsotg->params.dma_desc_enable ||
hsotg->params.dma_desc_fs_enable) {
...
...
} else if (hsotg->params.host_dma) {
...
}

I've never played much with "descriptor DMA" on dwc2 because every
time I enabled it (last I tried was years ago) a whole bunch of
peripherals stopped working and I didn't dig (I just left it off).
Thus, I'm no expert on descriptor DMA. ...that being said, my
understanding is that if you enable descriptor DMA in the controller
then it will enable a smarter DMA mode for some of the transfers.
IIRC Descriptor DMA mode specifically can't handle splits. Is my
memory correct there? Presumably that means that when you enable
descriptor DMA in the controller the driver will automatically fall
back to normal Address DMA mode if things get too complicated. When
it falls back to Address DMA mode, presumably dwc2_hcd_init() won't
get called again. That means that any data structures that are needed
for Address DMA need to be allocated in dwc2_hcd_init() even if
descriptor DMA is enabled because we might need to fall back to
Address DMA.

Thus, I'm suggesting changing the code to:

if (hsotg->params.dma_desc_enable ||
hsotg->params.dma_desc_fs_enable) {
...
...
}
if (hsotg->params.host_dma) {
...
}

...as I said, I'm no expert and I could just be confused. If
something I say seems wrong please correct me.


>>> + SLAB_CACHE_DMA, NULL);
>>> + if (!hsotg->unaligned_cache)
>>> + dev_err(hsotg->dev,
>>> + "unable to create dwc2 unaligned
>>> cache\n");
>>> }
>>>
>>> hsotg->otg_port = 1;
>>> @@ -5279,6 +5356,7 @@ int dwc2_hcd_init(struct dwc2_hsotg *hsotg)
>>> error4:
>>> kmem_cache_destroy(hsotg->desc_gen_cache);
>>> kmem_cache_destroy(hsotg->desc_hsisoc_cache);
>>> + kmem_cache_destroy(hsotg->unaligned_cache);
>>
>> nitty nit: freeing order should be opposite of allocation, so the new
>> line should be above the other two.
>
> Ah, I got it. But note that it's impossible to allocate the
> "unaligned_cache" and "desc *cache" at the same time. Should we still fix
> the free order? If yes, maybe the correct free order is:
>
> kmem_cache_destroy(hsotg->unaligned_cache);
> kmem_cache_destroy(hsotg->desc_hsisoc_cache);
> kmem_cache_destroy(hsotg->desc_gen_cache);
>
> Right?
>
> And should we also need to fix the same free order in the "dwc2_hcd_remove"?

Right. Yes, it totally doesn't matter which is why I tagged it with
"nitty nit" (or, another way of saying it is: I'm just being totally
obsessive here). It's just that, for me, I always expect frees to be
in the opposite order of allocations so it makes it easier for me to
parse the code if this is consistent.


-Doug

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