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Subject[PATCH v2] serial: sh-sci: Use spin_{try}lock_irqsave instead of open coding version
From: Daniel Wagner <>

Commit 40f70c03e33a ("serial: sh-sci: add locking to console write
function to avoid SMP lockup") copied the strategy to avoid locking
problems in conjuncture with the console from the UART8250
driver. Instead using directly spin_{try}lock_irqsave(),
local_irq_save() followed by spin_{try}lock() was used. While this is
correct on mainline, for -rt it is a problem. spin_{try}lock() will
check if it is running in a valid context. Since the local_irq_save()
has already been executed, the context has changed and
spin_{try}lock() will complain. The reason why spin_{try}lock()
complains is that on -rt the spin locks are turned into mutexes and
therefore can sleep. Sleeping with interrupts disabled is not valid.

BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at /home/wagi/work/rt/v4.4-cip-rt/kernel/locking/rtmutex.c:995
in_atomic(): 0, irqs_disabled(): 128, pid: 778, name: irq/76-eth0
CPU: 0 PID: 778 Comm: irq/76-eth0 Not tainted 4.4.126-test-cip22-rt14-00403-gcd03665c8318 #12
Hardware name: Generic RZ/G1 (Flattened Device Tree)
[<c00140a0>] (dump_backtrace) from [<c001424c>] (show_stack+0x18/0x1c)
r7:c06b01f0 r6:60010193 r5:00000000 r4:c06b01f0
[<c0014234>] (show_stack) from [<c01d3c94>] (dump_stack+0x78/0x94)
[<c01d3c1c>] (dump_stack) from [<c004c134>] (___might_sleep+0x134/0x194)
r7:60010113 r6:c06d3559 r5:00000000 r4:ffffe000
[<c004c000>] (___might_sleep) from [<c04ded60>] (rt_spin_lock+0x20/0x74)
r5:c06f4d60 r4:c06f4d60
[<c04ded40>] (rt_spin_lock) from [<c02577e4>] (serial_console_write+0x100/0x118)
r5:c06f4d60 r4:c06f4d60
[<c02576e4>] (serial_console_write) from [<c0061060>] (call_console_drivers.constprop.15+0x10c/0x124)
r10:c06d2894 r9:c04e18b0 r8:00000028 r7:00000000 r6:c06d3559 r5:c06d2798
r4:c06b9914 r3:c02576e4
[<c0060f54>] (call_console_drivers.constprop.15) from [<c0062984>] (console_unlock+0x32c/0x430)
r10:c06d30d8 r9:00000028 r8:c06dd518 r7:00000005 r6:00000000 r5:c06d2798
r4:c06d2798 r3:00000028
[<c0062658>] (console_unlock) from [<c0062e1c>] (vprintk_emit+0x394/0x4f0)
r10:c06d2798 r9:c06d30ee r8:00000006 r7:00000005 r6:c06a78fc r5:00000027
[<c0062a88>] (vprintk_emit) from [<c0062fa0>] (vprintk+0x28/0x30)
r10:c060bd46 r9:00001000 r8:c06b9a90 r7:c06b9a90 r6:c06b994c r5:c06b9a3c
[<c0062f78>] (vprintk) from [<c0062fb8>] (vprintk_default+0x10/0x14)
[<c0062fa8>] (vprintk_default) from [<c009cd30>] (printk+0x78/0x84)
[<c009ccbc>] (printk) from [<c025afdc>] (credit_entropy_bits+0x17c/0x2cc)
r3:00000001 r2:decade60 r1:c061a5ee r0:c061a523
[<c025ae60>] (credit_entropy_bits) from [<c025bf74>] (add_interrupt_randomness+0x160/0x178)
r10:466e7196 r9:1f536000 r8:fffeef74 r7:00000000 r6:c06b9a60 r5:c06b9a3c
[<c025be14>] (add_interrupt_randomness) from [<c006536c>] (irq_thread+0x1e8/0x248)
r10:c006537c r9:c06cdf21 r8:c0064fcc r7:df791c24 r6:df791c00 r5:ffffe000
[<c0065184>] (irq_thread) from [<c003fba4>] (kthread+0x108/0x11c)
r10:00000000 r9:00000000 r8:c0065184 r7:df791c00 r6:00000000 r5:df791d00
[<c003fa9c>] (kthread) from [<c00101b8>] (ret_from_fork+0x14/0x3c)
r8:00000000 r7:00000000 r6:00000000 r5:c003fa9c r4:df791d00

Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Wagner <>

changes since v1:
- Ported to current mainline (initial version was against v4.4.y)
- Left local_irq_save() in place when spinlocks are not used as suggested
by Geert.

drivers/tty/serial/sh-sci.c | 15 ++++++++-------
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/sh-sci.c b/drivers/tty/serial/sh-sci.c
index fdbbff547106..ec7417be9e08 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/sh-sci.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/sh-sci.c
@@ -2890,16 +2890,16 @@ static void serial_console_write(struct console *co, const char *s,
unsigned long flags;
int locked = 1;

- local_irq_save(flags);
#if defined(SUPPORT_SYSRQ)
- if (port->sysrq)
+ if (port->sysrq) {
locked = 0;
- else
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ } else
if (oops_in_progress)
- locked = spin_trylock(&port->lock);
+ locked = spin_trylock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
- spin_lock(&port->lock);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);

/* first save SCSCR then disable interrupts, keep clock source */
ctrl = serial_port_in(port, SCSCR);
@@ -2919,8 +2919,9 @@ static void serial_console_write(struct console *co, const char *s,
serial_port_out(port, SCSCR, ctrl);

if (locked)
- spin_unlock(&port->lock);
- local_irq_restore(flags);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
+ else
+ local_irq_restore(flags);

static int serial_console_setup(struct console *co, char *options)
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