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SubjectRe: serial: start_tx & buffer handling
 Hi

On Fri, May 4, 2018 at 6:31 AM, Muni Sekhar <munisekharrms@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> On Fri, May 4, 2018 at 12:04 AM, Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> wrote:
>> > On Thu, May 03, 2018 at 08:08:48PM +0530, Muni Sekhar wrote:
>> >> Hi All,
>> >>
>> >> I’m trying to understand how user mode buffer is written to low level
>> >> serial hardware registers.
>> >>
>> >> For this I read the kernel code and I came to know that from user mode
>> >> write() API lands into kernel’s tty_write() ("drivers/tty/tty_io.c")
>> >> and then it calls a uart_write() ("drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c").
>> >>
>> >> In uart_write(), the buffer is copied to circ_buf and then it calls
>> >> low level serial hardware driver’s start_tx() (struct uart_ops
>> >> .start_tx). But here I could not find how the buffer kept in circ_buf
>> >> is copied to serial port’s TX_FIFO registers?
>> >>
>> >> Can someone take a moment to explain me on this?
>> >
>> > It all depends on which specific UART driver you are looking at, they
>> > all do it a bit different depending on the hardware.
>> >
>> > Which one are you looking at? Look at what the start_tx callback does
>> > for that specific driver, that should give you a hint as to how data
>> > starts flowing. Usually an interrupt is enabled that is used to flush
>> > the buffer out to the hardware.
>> >
>>
>> I’m looking for any existing sample code which does DMA transfers of
>> UART transmitted data. I looked at the bcm63xx_uart.c, it looks it
>> does not handle DMA transfers. Even copying the Tx buffer (from
>> circ_buf) to UART_FIFO_REG happening in ISR.


You can have a look at atmel_serial kernel module (built for ARM).
https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/drivers/tty/serial/atmel_serial.c

The dma buffer is linked to uart circular buffer in prepare_tx() function
called from uart_startup(). It's released in release_tx() function called
from uart_shutdown(). DMA buffer is managed in schedule_tx() function called
from a tasklet triggered by the ISR.

HTH

>>
>>
>> > thanks,
>> >
>> > greg k-h
>>
>>
>>
>> --
>> Thanks,
>> Sekhar
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> Kernelnewbies mailing list
>> Kernelnewbies@kernelnewbies.org
>> https://lists.kernelnewbies.org/mailman/listinfo/kernelnewbies
>
>

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