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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 6/9] trace_uprobe: Support SDT markers having reference count (semaphore)
Hi Ravi,

I have some comments, please see below.

On Tue, 17 Apr 2018 10:02:41 +0530
Ravi Bangoria <ravi.bangoria@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:\

> diff --git a/include/linux/uprobes.h b/include/linux/uprobes.h
> index 7bd2760..2db3ed1 100644
> --- a/include/linux/uprobes.h
> +++ b/include/linux/uprobes.h
> @@ -122,6 +122,8 @@ struct uprobe_map_info {
> unsigned long vaddr;
> };
>
> +extern void (*uprobe_mmap_callback)(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
> +
> extern int set_swbp(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr);
> extern int set_orig_insn(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr);
> extern bool is_swbp_insn(uprobe_opcode_t *insn);
> @@ -136,6 +138,8 @@ struct uprobe_map_info {
> extern void uprobe_munmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
> extern void uprobe_start_dup_mmap(void);
> extern void uprobe_end_dup_mmap(void);
> +extern void uprobe_down_write_dup_mmap(void);
> +extern void uprobe_up_write_dup_mmap(void);
> extern void uprobe_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *newmm);
> extern void uprobe_free_utask(struct task_struct *t);
> extern void uprobe_copy_process(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long flags);
> @@ -192,6 +196,12 @@ static inline void uprobe_start_dup_mmap(void)
> static inline void uprobe_end_dup_mmap(void)
> {
> }
> +static inline void uprobe_down_write_dup_mmap(void)
> +{
> +}
> +static inline void uprobe_up_write_dup_mmap(void)
> +{
> +}
> static inline void
> uprobe_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *newmm)
> {
> diff --git a/kernel/events/uprobes.c b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
> index 096d1e6..e26ad83 100644
> --- a/kernel/events/uprobes.c
> +++ b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
> @@ -1044,6 +1044,9 @@ static void build_probe_list(struct inode *inode,
> spin_unlock(&uprobes_treelock);
> }
>
> +/* Rightnow the only user of this is trace_uprobe. */
> +void (*uprobe_mmap_callback)(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
> +
> /*
> * Called from mmap_region/vma_adjust with mm->mmap_sem acquired.
> *
> @@ -1056,7 +1059,13 @@ int uprobe_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> struct uprobe *uprobe, *u;
> struct inode *inode;
>
> - if (no_uprobe_events() || !valid_vma(vma, true))
> + if (no_uprobe_events())
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (uprobe_mmap_callback)
> + uprobe_mmap_callback(vma);
> +
> + if (!valid_vma(vma, true))
> return 0;
>
> inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file);
> @@ -1247,6 +1256,16 @@ void uprobe_end_dup_mmap(void)
> percpu_up_read(&dup_mmap_sem);
> }
>
> +void uprobe_down_write_dup_mmap(void)
> +{
> + percpu_down_write(&dup_mmap_sem);
> +}
> +
> +void uprobe_up_write_dup_mmap(void)
> +{
> + percpu_up_write(&dup_mmap_sem);
> +}
> +

I'm not sure why these hunks are not done in previous patch.
If you separate "uprobe_map_info" export patch, this also
should be separated. (Or both merged into this patch)


> void uprobe_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *newmm)
> {
> if (test_bit(MMF_HAS_UPROBES, &oldmm->flags)) {
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c b/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c
> index 0d450b4..1a48b04 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c
> @@ -25,6 +25,8 @@
> #include <linux/namei.h>
> #include <linux/string.h>
> #include <linux/rculist.h>
> +#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/highmem.h>
>
> #include "trace_probe.h"
>
> @@ -58,6 +60,7 @@ struct trace_uprobe {
> struct inode *inode;
> char *filename;
> unsigned long offset;
> + unsigned long ref_ctr_offset;
> unsigned long nhit;
> struct trace_probe tp;
> };
> @@ -364,10 +367,10 @@ static int create_trace_uprobe(int argc, char **argv)
> {
> struct trace_uprobe *tu;
> struct inode *inode;
> - char *arg, *event, *group, *filename;
> + char *arg, *event, *group, *filename, *rctr, *rctr_end;
> char buf[MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN];
> struct path path;
> - unsigned long offset;
> + unsigned long offset, ref_ctr_offset;
> bool is_delete, is_return;
> int i, ret;
>
> @@ -377,6 +380,7 @@ static int create_trace_uprobe(int argc, char **argv)
> is_return = false;
> event = NULL;
> group = NULL;
> + ref_ctr_offset = 0;
>
> /* argc must be >= 1 */
> if (argv[0][0] == '-')
> @@ -456,6 +460,26 @@ static int create_trace_uprobe(int argc, char **argv)
> goto fail_address_parse;
> }
>
> + /* Parse reference counter offset if specified. */
> + rctr = strchr(arg, '(');
> + if (rctr) {
> + rctr_end = strchr(rctr, ')');
> + if (rctr > rctr_end || *(rctr_end + 1) != 0) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + pr_info("Invalid reference counter offset.\n");
> + goto fail_address_parse;
> + }
> +
> + *rctr++ = '\0';
> + *rctr_end = '\0';
> + ret = kstrtoul(rctr, 0, &ref_ctr_offset);
> + if (ret) {
> + pr_info("Invalid reference counter offset.\n");
> + goto fail_address_parse;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /* Parse uprobe offset. */
> ret = kstrtoul(arg, 0, &offset);
> if (ret)
> goto fail_address_parse;
> @@ -490,6 +514,7 @@ static int create_trace_uprobe(int argc, char **argv)
> goto fail_address_parse;
> }
> tu->offset = offset;
> + tu->ref_ctr_offset = ref_ctr_offset;
> tu->inode = inode;
> tu->filename = kstrdup(filename, GFP_KERNEL);
>
> @@ -622,6 +647,8 @@ static int probes_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
> break;
> }
> }
> + if (tu->ref_ctr_offset)
> + seq_printf(m, "(0x%lx)", tu->ref_ctr_offset);
>
> for (i = 0; i < tu->tp.nr_args; i++)
> seq_printf(m, " %s=%s", tu->tp.args[i].name, tu->tp.args[i].comm);
> @@ -896,6 +923,129 @@ static void uretprobe_trace_func(struct trace_uprobe *tu, unsigned long func,
> return trace_handle_return(s);
> }
>
> +static bool sdt_valid_vma(struct trace_uprobe *tu,
> + struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> + unsigned long vaddr)
> +{
> + return tu->ref_ctr_offset &&
> + vma->vm_file &&
> + file_inode(vma->vm_file) == tu->inode &&
> + vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE &&
> + vma->vm_start <= vaddr &&
> + vma->vm_end > vaddr;
> +}
> +
> +static struct vm_area_struct *sdt_find_vma(struct trace_uprobe *tu,
> + struct mm_struct *mm,
> + unsigned long vaddr)
> +{
> + struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vaddr);
> +
> + return (vma && sdt_valid_vma(tu, vma, vaddr)) ? vma : NULL;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Reference counter gate the invocation of probe. If present,
> + * by default reference counter is 0. One needs to increment
> + * it before tracing the probe and decrement it when done.
> + */
> +static int
> +sdt_update_ref_ctr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, short d)
> +{
> + void *kaddr;
> + struct page *page;
> + struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> + int ret = 0;
> + unsigned short *ptr;
> +
> + if (vaddr == 0)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + ret = get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1,
> + FOLL_FORCE | FOLL_WRITE, &page, &vma, NULL);
> + if (ret <= 0)
> + return ret;

Hmm, get_user_pages_remote() said

===
If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages were pinned, returns -errno.
===

And you've passed 1 for nr_pages, so it must be 1 or -errno.

> +
> + kaddr = kmap_atomic(page);
> + ptr = kaddr + (vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK);
> + *ptr += d;
> + kunmap_atomic(kaddr);
> +
> + put_page(page);
> + return 0;

And obviously 0 means "success" for sdt_update_ref_ctr().
I think if get_user_pages_remote returns 0, this should
return -EBUSY (*) or something else.

* It seems that if faultin_page() in __get_user_pages()
returns -EBUSY, get_user_pages_remote() can return 0.

> +}
> +
> +static void sdt_increment_ref_ctr(struct trace_uprobe *tu)
> +{
> + struct uprobe_map_info *info;
> +
> + uprobe_down_write_dup_mmap();
> + info = uprobe_build_map_info(tu->inode->i_mapping,
> + tu->ref_ctr_offset, false);
> + if (IS_ERR(info))
> + goto out;
> +
> + while (info) {
> + down_write(&info->mm->mmap_sem);
> +
> + if (sdt_find_vma(tu, info->mm, info->vaddr))
> + sdt_update_ref_ctr(info->mm, info->vaddr, 1);

Don't you have to handle the error to map pages here?

> +
> + up_write(&info->mm->mmap_sem);
> + info = uprobe_free_map_info(info);
> + }
> +
> +out:
> + uprobe_up_write_dup_mmap();
> +}
> +
> +/* Called with down_write(&vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem) */
> +static void trace_uprobe_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> +{
> + struct trace_uprobe *tu;
> + unsigned long vaddr;
> +
> + if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
> + return;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&uprobe_lock);
> + list_for_each_entry(tu, &uprobe_list, list) {
> + if (!trace_probe_is_enabled(&tu->tp))
> + continue;
> +
> + vaddr = vma_offset_to_vaddr(vma, tu->ref_ctr_offset);
> + if (!sdt_valid_vma(tu, vma, vaddr))
> + continue;
> +
> + sdt_update_ref_ctr(vma->vm_mm, vaddr, 1);

Same here.

> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&uprobe_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static void sdt_decrement_ref_ctr(struct trace_uprobe *tu)
> +{
> + struct uprobe_map_info *info;
> +
> + uprobe_down_write_dup_mmap();
> + info = uprobe_build_map_info(tu->inode->i_mapping,
> + tu->ref_ctr_offset, false);
> + if (IS_ERR(info))
> + goto out;
> +
> + while (info) {
> + down_write(&info->mm->mmap_sem);
> +
> + if (sdt_find_vma(tu, info->mm, info->vaddr))
> + sdt_update_ref_ctr(info->mm, info->vaddr, -1);

Ditto.

Thank you,

> +
> + up_write(&info->mm->mmap_sem);
> + info = uprobe_free_map_info(info);
> + }
> +
> +out:
> + uprobe_up_write_dup_mmap();
> +}
> +
> typedef bool (*filter_func_t)(struct uprobe_consumer *self,
> enum uprobe_filter_ctx ctx,
> struct mm_struct *mm);
> @@ -941,6 +1091,9 @@ typedef bool (*filter_func_t)(struct uprobe_consumer *self,
> if (ret)
> goto err_buffer;
>
> + if (tu->ref_ctr_offset)
> + sdt_increment_ref_ctr(tu);
> +
> return 0;
>
> err_buffer:
> @@ -981,6 +1134,9 @@ typedef bool (*filter_func_t)(struct uprobe_consumer *self,
>
> WARN_ON(!uprobe_filter_is_empty(&tu->filter));
>
> + if (tu->ref_ctr_offset)
> + sdt_decrement_ref_ctr(tu);
> +
> uprobe_unregister(tu->inode, tu->offset, &tu->consumer);
> tu->tp.flags &= file ? ~TP_FLAG_TRACE : ~TP_FLAG_PROFILE;
>
> @@ -1425,6 +1581,8 @@ static __init int init_uprobe_trace(void)
> /* Profile interface */
> trace_create_file("uprobe_profile", 0444, d_tracer,
> NULL, &uprobe_profile_ops);
> +
> + uprobe_mmap_callback = trace_uprobe_mmap;
> return 0;
> }
>
> --
> 1.8.3.1
>


--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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