lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [May]   [4]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [v2] mm: access to uninitialized struct page
Hello,

We have a robot which runs criu tests on linux-next kernels.

All tests passed on 4.17.0-rc3-next-20180502.

But the 4.17.0-rc3-next-20180504 kernel didn't boot.

git bisect points on this patch.

On Thu, Apr 26, 2018 at 04:26:19PM -0400, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> The following two bugs were reported by Fengguang Wu:
>
> kernel reboot-without-warning in early-boot stage, last printk:
> early console in setup code
>
> http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180418135300.inazvpxjxowogyge@wfg-t540p.sh.intel.com

The problem looks similar with this one.

[ 5.596975] devtmpfs: mounted
[ 5.855754] Freeing unused kernel memory: 1704K
[ 5.858162] Write protecting the kernel read-only data: 18432k
[ 5.860772] Freeing unused kernel memory: 2012K
[ 5.861838] Freeing unused kernel memory: 160K
[ 5.862572] rodata_test: all tests were successful
[ 5.866857] random: fast init done
early console in setup code
[ 0.000000] Linux version 4.17.0-rc3-00023-g7c4cc2d022a1
(avagin@laptop) (gcc version 8.0.1 20180324 (Red Hat 8.0.1-0.20) (GCC))
#13 SMP Fri May 4 01:10:51 PDT 2018
[ 0.000000] Command line: root=/dev/vda2 ro debug
console=ttyS0,115200 LANG=en_US.UTF-8 slub_debug=FZP raid=noautodetect
selinux=0 earlyprintk=serial,ttyS0,115200
[ 0.000000] x86/fpu: Supporting XSAVE feature 0x001: 'x87 floating
point registers'
[ 0.000000] x86/fpu: Supporting XSAVE feature 0x002: 'SSE registers'
[ 0.000000] x86/fpu: Supporting XSAVE feature 0x004: 'AVX registers'
[ 0.000000] x86/fpu: Supporting XSAVE feature 0x008: 'MPX bounds
registers'

$ git describe HEAD
v4.17-rc3-23-g7c4cc2d022a1

[avagin@laptop linux-next]$ git log --pretty=oneline | head -n 1
7c4cc2d022a1fd56eb2ee555533b8666bc780f1e mm: access to uninitialized struct page


>
> And, also:
> [per_cpu_ptr_to_phys] PANIC: early exception 0x0d
> IP 10:ffffffffa892f15f error 0 cr2 0xffff88001fbff000
>
> http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180419013128.iurzouiqxvcnpbvz@wfg-t540p.sh.intel.com
>
> Both of the problems are due to accessing uninitialized struct page from
> trap_init(). We must first do mm_init() in order to initialize allocated
> struct pages, and than we can access fields of any struct page that belongs
> to memory that's been allocated.
>
> Below is explanation of the root cause.
>
> The issue arises in this stack:
>
> start_kernel()
> trap_init()
> setup_cpu_entry_areas()
> setup_cpu_entry_area(cpu)
> get_cpu_gdt_paddr(cpu)
> per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(addr)
> pcpu_addr_to_page(addr)
> virt_to_page(addr)
> pfn_to_page(__pa(addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
> The returned "struct page" is sometimes uninitialized, and thus
> failing later when used. It turns out sometimes is because it depends
> on KASLR.
>
> When boot is failing we have this when pfn_to_page() is called:
> kasrl: 0x000000000d600000
> addr: ffffffff83e0d000
> pa: 1040d000
> pfn: 1040d
> page: ffff88001f113340
> page->flags ffffffffffffffff <- Uninitialized!
>
> When boot is successful:
> kaslr: 0x000000000a800000
> addr: ffffffff83e0d000
> pa: d60d000
> pfn: d60d
> page: ffff88001f05b340
> page->flags 280000000000 <- Initialized!
>
> Here are physical addresses that BIOS provided to us:
> e820: BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
> BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x000000000009fbff] usable
> BIOS-e820: [mem 0x000000000009fc00-0x000000000009ffff] reserved
> BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000000f0000-0x00000000000fffff] reserved
> BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000100000-0x000000001ffdffff] usable
> BIOS-e820: [mem 0x000000001ffe0000-0x000000001fffffff] reserved
> BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000feffc000-0x00000000feffffff] reserved
> BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000fffc0000-0x00000000ffffffff] reserved
>
> In both cases, working and non-working the real physical address is
> the same:
>
> pa - kasrl = 0x2E0D000
>
> The only thing that is different is PFN.
>
> We initialize struct pages in four places:
>
> 1. Early in boot a small set of struct pages is initialized to fill
> the first section, and lower zones.
> 2. During mm_init() we initialize "struct pages" for all the memory
> that is allocated, i.e reserved in memblock.
> 3. Using on-demand logic when pages are allocated after mm_init call
> 4. After smp_init() when the rest free deferred pages are initialized.
>
> The above path happens before deferred memory is initialized, and thus
> it must be covered either by 1, 2 or 3.
>
> So, lets check what PFNs are initialized after (1).
>
> memmap_init_zone() is called for pfn ranges:
> 1 - 1000, and 1000 - 1ffe0, but it quits after reaching pfn 0x10000,
> as it leaves the rest to be initialized as deferred pages.
>
> In the working scenario pfn ended up being below 1000, but in the
> failing scenario it is above. Hence, we must initialize this page in
> (2). But trap_init() is called before mm_init().
>
> The bug was introduced by "mm: initialize pages on demand during boot"
> because we lowered amount of pages that is initialized in the step
> (1). But, it still could happen, because the number of initialized
> pages was a guessing.
>
> The current fix moves trap_init() to be called after mm_init, but as
> alternative, we could increase pgdat->static_init_pgcnt:
> In free_area_init_node we can increase:
> pgdat->static_init_pgcnt = min_t(unsigned long, PAGES_PER_SECTION,
> pgdat->node_spanned_pages);
> Instead of one PAGES_PER_SECTION, set several, so the text is
> covered for all KASLR offsets. But, this would still be guessing.
> Therefore, I prefer the current fix.
>
> Fixes: c9e97a1997fb ("mm: initialize pages on demand during boot")
>
> Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> ---
> init/main.c | 2 +-
> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> index b795aa341a3a..870f75581cea 100644
> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -585,8 +585,8 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init start_kernel(void)
> setup_log_buf(0);
> vfs_caches_init_early();
> sort_main_extable();
> - trap_init();
> mm_init();
> + trap_init();
>
> ftrace_init();
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-05-04 10:28    [W:0.084 / U:34.428 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site