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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] PCI / PM: Always check PME wakeup capability for runtime wakeup support
Hi Rafael,

> On Apr 26, 2018, at 10:36 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <> wrote:
> On Thursday, April 26, 2018 3:55:45 PM CEST Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>> On Fri, Apr 13, 2018 at 09:29:56AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>>> On Friday, April 13, 2018 8:58:11 AM CEST Kai Heng Feng wrote:
>>>> Hi Bjorn and Rafael,
>>>>> On Apr 1, 2018, at 12:40 AM, Kai-Heng Feng
>>>>> <>
>>>>> wrote:
>>>>> USB controller ASM1042 stops working after commit de3ef1eb1cd0 ("PM /
>>>>> core: Drop run_wake flag from struct dev_pm_info").
>>>>> The device in question is not power managed by platform firmware,
>>>>> furthermore, it only supports PME# from D3cold:
>>>>> Capabilities: [78] Power Management version 3
>>>>> Flags: PMEClk- DSI- D1- D2- AuxCurrent=55mA PME(D0-,D1-,D2-,D3hot-,D3cold+)
>>>>> Status: D0 NoSoftRst+ PME-Enable- DSel=0 DScale=0 PME-
>>>>> Before commit de3ef1eb1cd0, the device never gets runtime suspended.
>>>>> After that commit, the device gets runtime suspended, so it does not
>>>>> respond to any PME#.
>> Apologies for my lack of PM expertise. I don't think the device would
>> *respond* to PME#, would it? I would think the device would
>> potentially *generate* a PME#.

Do you want me to send another version with updated commit message?

I can also split it to two commits if you desire.


> Right.
>> And I guess since this device can generate PME# only from D3cold, the
>> implication is that runtime suspending the device may put it into D1,
>> D2, or D3hot, but not D3cold? Is that an axiom of the runtime suspend
>> design?
> No, it isn't.
> Runtime PM is expected to only put devices into D-states from where they
> can generate PME.
> Before the problematic change it would just hold the device in question
> in D0,
> but after that change the device will be suspended (in which case it will
> end
> up in D3hot which is incorrect).
>>>>> usb_hcd_pci_probe() mandatorily calls device_wakeup_enable(), hence
>>>>> device_can_wakeup() in pci_dev_run_wake() always returns true.
>> I think "mandatorily" means "always" or "unconditionally", right?
>>>>> So pci_dev_run_wake() needs to check PME wakeup capability as its first
>>>>> condition.
>>>>> In addition, change wakeup flag passed to pci_target_state() from false
>>>>> to true, because we want to find the deepest state that the device can
>>>>> still generate PME#.
>> Is this a separate bug fix? I don't understand how it fits in here
>> because the wakeup flag means "Whether or not wakeup functionality
>> will be enabled for the device", and you're not changing anything
>> about whether wakeup functionality will be enabled.
> For runtime PM the "wakeup" argument of pci_target_state() should always be
> "true", so technically this may be regarded as a separate issue, but this
> change is needed as a functional fix for the device in question along with
> the reordering.
> Since technically there is a state from which the device can signal PME,
> device_can_wakeup() returns "true" for it, but this isn't sufficient for
> pci_dev_run_wake() to return "true" (because that state is D3cold and
> the platform cannot power-manage the device, so the device cannot be put
> into D3cold directly). That's the first thing that needs to be changed.
> On top of that, we need to look for a state from which the device can
> generate PME.
>>>>> Fixes: de3ef1eb1cd0 ("PM / core: Drop run_wake flag from struct
>>>>> dev_pm_info")
>>>>> Cc: # 4.13+
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Kai-Heng Feng <>
>>>>> ---
>>>>> v3: State the reason why the wakeup flag gets changed.
>>>>> v2: Explicitly check dev->pme_support.
>>>> If this patch is good enough, I am hoping it can get merged in v4.17.
>>> OK
>>> Bjorn, if you want to take this:
>>> Reviewed-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
>>> Otherwise please let me know and I'll queue it up.
>> de3ef1eb1cd0 went through your tree, so I think this fix should go
>> through your tree, too.
>> Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <>
> OK
>> Not directly related to this patch, but I think these comments in
>> pci_target_state() are slightly misleading:
>> * Call the platform to choose the target state of the device
>> * and enable wake-up from this state if supported.
>> * Find the deepest state from which the device can generate
>> * wake-up events, make it the target state and enable device
>> * to generate PME#.
>> AFAICT, pci_target_state() does not actually "enable wake-up from this
>> state" or "enable device to generate PME#".
> Right, the comments appear to be stale, I'll send a patch to update them.
> Thanks,
> Rafael

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