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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC v5] pidns: introduce syscall translate_pid
Nagarathnam Muthusamy <nagarathnam.muthusamy@oracle.com> writes:

> On 05/15/2018 10:36 AM, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 15.05.2018 20:19, Nagarathnam Muthusamy wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On 04/24/2018 10:36 PM, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>>>> On 23.04.2018 20:37, Nagarathnam Muthusamy wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> On 04/05/2018 12:02 AM, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>>>>>> On 05.04.2018 01:29, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
>>>>>>> Nagarathnam Muthusamy <nagarathnam.muthusamy@oracle.com> writes:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On 04/04/2018 12:11 PM, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Each process have different pids, one for each pid namespace
>>>>>>>>> it belongs.
>>>>>>>>> When interaction happens within single pid-ns translation
>>>>>>>>> isn't required.
>>>>>>>>> More complicated scenarios needs special handling.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> For example:
>>>>>>>>> - reading pid-files or logs written inside container with pid
>>>>>>>>> namespace
>>>>>>>>> - attaching with ptrace to tasks from different pid namespace
>>>>>>>>> - passing pids across pid namespaces in any kind of API
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Currently there are several interfaces that could be used here:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Pid namespaces are identified by inode number of
>>>>>>>>> /proc/[pid]/ns/pid.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Using the inode number in interfaces is not an
>>>>>>> option. Especially not
>>>>>>> withou referencing the device number for the filesystem as well.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> This is supposed to be single-instance fs,
>>>>>> not part of proc but referenced but its magic "symlinks".
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Device numbers are not mentioned in "man namespaces".
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Pids for nested Pid namespaces are shown in file
>>>>>>>>> /proc/[pid]/status.
>>>>>>>>> In some cases conversion pid -> vpid could be easily done
>>>>>>>>> using this
>>>>>>>>> information, but backward translation requires scanning all tasks.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Unix socket automatically translates pid attached to
>>>>>>>>> SCM_CREDENTIALS.
>>>>>>>>> This requires CAP_SYS_ADMIN for sending arbitrary pids and
>>>>>>>>> entering
>>>>>>>>> into pid namespace, this expose process and could be insecure.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> This patch adds new syscall for converting pids between pid
>>>>>>>>> namespaces:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> pid_t translate_pid(pid_t pid, int source_type, int source,
>>>>>>>>>                                  int target_type, int target);
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> @source_type and @target_type defines type of following arguments:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> TRANSLATE_PID_CURRENT_PIDNS  - current pid namespace,
>>>>>>>>> argument is unused
>>>>>>>>> TRANSLATE_PID_TASK_PIDNS     - task pid-ns, argument is task pid
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> I believe using pid to represent the namespace has been already
>>>>>>>> discussed in V1 of this patch in
>>>>>>>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/9/22/1087
>>>>>>>> after which we moved on to fd based version of this interface.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Or in short why is the case of pids important?
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> You Konstantin you almost said why they were important in your
>>>>>>> message
>>>>>>> saying you were going to send this one.  However you don't
>>>>>>> explain in
>>>>>>> your description why you want to identify pid namespaces by pid.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Open of /proc/[pid]/ns/pid requires same permissions as ptrace,
>>>>>> pid based variant doesn't have such restrictions.
>>>>>
>>>>> Can you provide more information on usecase requiring PID
>>>>> translation but not used for tracing related purposes?
>>>>
>>>> Any introspection for [nested] containers. It's easier to work
>>>> when you have all information when you don't have any.
>>>> For example our CMS https://github.com/yandex/porto allows to
>>>> start nested sub-container (or even deeper) by request from any
>>>> container and have to tell back which pid task is have. And it
>>>> could translate any pid inside into accessible by client and vice
>>>> versa.
>>>>
>>>
>>> I still dont get the exact reason why PID based approach to
>>> identify the namespace during pid translation process is absolutely
>>> required compared to fd based approach.
>>
>> As I told open(/proc/%d/ns/pid) have security restrictions - same
>> uid/CAP_SYS_PTRACE/whatever
>> Pidns-fd holds pid-namespace and without restrictions could be abused.
>> Pid based API is racy but always available without any restrictions.
>>
>>
>>> From your version of TranslatePid in
>>>
>>> https://github.com/yandex/porto/blob/0d7e6e7e1830dcd0038a057b2ab9964cec5b8fab/src/util/unix.cpp
>>>
>>>
>>> I see that you are going through the trouble of forking a process
>>> and sending SMC_CREDENTIALS for pid translation. Even your existing
>>> API could be extremely simplified if translate_pid based on file
>>> descriptors make it to the gate and I believe from the last
>>> discussion it was almost there
>>> https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10305439/
>>>
>>>
>>>>> On a side note, can we have the types TRANSLATE_PID_CURRENT_PIDNS
>>>>> and TRANSLATE_PID_FD_PIDNS integrated first and then possibly
>>>>> extend the interface to include TRANSLATE_PID_TASK_PIDNS in
>>>>> future?
>>>>
>>>> I don't see reason for this separation.
>>>> Pids and pid namespaces are part of the API for a long time.
>>>
>>> If you are talking about the translate_pid API proposed, I believe
>>> the V4 proposed under https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10003935/
>>> had only fd based API before a mix of PID and fd based is proposed
>>> in V5. Again, I was just wondering if we can get the FD based
>>> approach in first and then extend the API to include PID based
>>> approach later as fd based approach could provide a lot of
>>> immediate benefits?
>>>
>>> Thanks,
>>> Nagarathnam.
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Thanks,
>>>>> Nagarathnam.
>>>>>> Most pid-based syscalls are racy in some cases but they are
>>>>>> here for decades and everybody knowns how to deal with it.
>>>>>> So, I've decided to merge both worlds in one interface which
>>>>>> clearly tells what to expect.
>>>>>
>>>
>
> Ping? Any additional comments on this patch?

I have totally lost the thread. Let me see if I can find enough of the
thread to see what is going on.

The whole let's use pids instead of fds was a major distraction.

Eric

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